Specifying the System States
All the units of the theory should have some values that are preserved over a period of time, irrespective of the length of time (Dubin, 1978). Researcher-theorists should consider the following criteria while identifying the system states of the theory: inclusiveness, persistence, and distinctiveness. Persistence refers to a meaningful period of time in the system state under which the theory holds true. Finally, distinctiveness refers to the distinctive and measurable values of each unit of the theory in a given system state (Dubin, 1978). In the author’s opinion, as this chapter is written at a time when the Indian IT sector is witnessing high growth rates, the theory should explain such as system state. However, it is likely that some units of the theory will change when the industry stabilises, and/or enters a recessionary phase. To this end, it is likely
Fig. 9.2 Boundaries of a theory of enterprise training for the information technology sector of India
that the interactions and direction of some units of the theory will also change. This concludes the first part of Dubin’s (1978) theory-to-research approach to quantitative theory building. The second part consists of four steps, which constitutes: specifying the propositions for the theory; identifying empirical indicators for the key units of the theory; constructing hypotheses for testing the theory; and developing an action plan for researcher-theorists to test the theory, is beyond the scope of this chapter, but through our existing programme of research, we have found significant support for these relationships (Malik, 2009, 2013a, 2013b; Malik et al., 2012; Malik & Nilakant, 2015; Malik & Rowley, 2015a, b; Pereira & Malik, 2015).