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  • 1. Hopeless Africa. (2000). The Economist.
  • 2. Ohiorhenuan, J. F. E. (2009). Don’t Cry for Me Africa: Preamble of a Memo to the African Prince. Transition, 102, pp. 140-155. Indiana University Press.
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  • 12. Desman, R. (2008, p. 75).
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  • 21. Kaburi, Mobegi, Kombo, Omari, Sewe (2012, p. 265).
  • 22. El Dahshan, M., Tolba, A. H. & Badreldin, T. (2012). Enabling Entrepreneurship in Egypt: Toward a Sustainable Dynamic Model. Innovations: Technology, Governance, Globalization, 7, 2, pp. 83-106.
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  • 34. SME: A Promising Sector in Bangladesh (2011, November 22). The Financial Express.
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  • 37. Sood, A., & Basu, A. (2013). Competitiveness, Productivity and Growth. Global Journal of Emerging Market Economies, 5, 3, pp. 347-378.
  • 38. Boateng, G. O., Boateng, A. A., & Bampoe, H. S. (2014). Barriers to Youth Entrepreneurship in Rural Areas of Ghana. Global Journal Business Research, 8, 3, pp. 109-119.
  • 39. Masarira & Msweli (2013, p. 1487).
  • 40. Sood & Basu (2013, p. 351).
  • 41. Anonymous (2005). Entrepreneurship the Answer: Economic Growth Reliant on SMEs. Finweek, pp. 70.
  • 42. Kongolo, M. (2010). Job Creation versus Job Shedding and the Role of SMEs in Economic Development. African Journal of Business Management, 4, 11, 2288-2295.
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  • 45. Safiriya & Njogo (2012, p. 137).
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  • 49. El Dahshan, Tolba & Badreldin (2012, p. 85).
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  • 55. Hussain, A. (2013). E-Commerce and Beyond Opportunities for Developing Country SMEs. International Trade Forum, 4, pp. 24-26.
  • 56. Dzogbenuku, R. K. (2013, December). Banking Innovation in Ghana: Insight of Students’ Adoption and Diffusion. Journal of Internet Banking and Commerce, 18.3, pp. 1-20.
  • 57. Kabukuru, W. (2012). How it all Began. African Banker, 19, pp. 23-24.
  • 58. Hussain (2013, p. 26).
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  • 60. Kabukuru (2012, p. 23).
  • 61. Kabukuru (2012, p. 24).
  • 62. Hussain (2013, p. 26).
  • 63. Luetkenhorst (2004, p. 155).
  • 64. Vives, A. (2006). Social and Environmental Responsibility in Small and Medium Enterprises in Latin America. The Journal of Corporate Citizenship, 21, pp. 39-50.
  • 65. Safiriya & Njogo (2012, p. 111).
  • 66. Ibru, C. (2009, May). Africa Private Sector Driving a New Dawn for Development. African Business, 353, pp. 41.
  • 67. Masarira & Msweli (2013, p. 1492).
  • 68. Baz, J. E., Laguir, I., Marais, M. & Stagliano, R. (2016). Influence of National Institutions on the Corporate Social Responsibility Practices of Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises in the Food-processing Industry: Differences between France and Morocco. Journal of Business Ethics, 134,pp.117-133
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Contaminating Relationships. African Journal of Business Ethics, 4.2, pp. 7-19.

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  • 71. Fal, M. (2013, p. 149).
  • 72. Fal (2013, p. 151).
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  • 74. Fal (2013, p. 154).
  • 75. Fall (2013, p. 156).
  • 76. Schwartz & Khanna (2013, p. 248).
  • 77. Fal (2013, p. 158).
  • 78. Fal (2013, p. 159).
  • 79. Batuo, M. E. (2015). The Role of Telecommunications Infrastructure in the Regional Economic Growth of Africa. The Journal of Developing Areas, 49, 1, pp. 313-330.
  • 80. Fal (2013, p. 160).
  • 81. Fal (2013, p. 161).
  • 82. El Dahshan, Tolba & Badreldin (2012, p. 100).
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  • 84. Fal (2013, p. 161).
  • 85. Fal (2013, p. 164).
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  • 89. Neneh, N. B. & Vanzyl, J. (2012). Towards Establishing Long-Term Surviving Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in South Africa: An Entrepreneurial Approach. African Journal of Business Management, 6, 28, pp. 8327-8343.
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  • 103. Siddiqi (2005, p. 2).
  • 104. Rotber (2013, p. 604).
  • 105. Sebudubudu & Botlhomilwe (2011, p. 32).
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  • 107. Siddiqi (2005, p. 2).
  • 108. Anonymous (2013). Chapter 5: Political and Economic Governance in Africa. African Economic Outlook.
  • 109. Sebudubudu & Botlhomilwe (2011, p. 37).
  • 110. Carrol, B. W. & Carrol, T. (1997). State and Ethnicity in Botswana and Mauritius: A Democratic Route to Development. The Journal of Dev Studies, 33.4, pp. 464-486.
  • 111. Rotber (2013, p. 606).
  • 112. Carrol, Carrol & Carrol (1997, p. 477).
  • 113. Siddiqi (2005, p. 22).
  • 114. Anonymous (2013, p. 103).
  • 115. Wallace, P. (2012). Africa: Economy - Mauritius - Mauritius Changes Direction. The Banker.
  • 116. Muchie, M. & Baskaran, A. (2013). Challenges of Africa Transformation: Exploring through Innovation Approach. Oxford: African Books Collection.
  • 117. Radelet (2010, pp. 87).
 
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