Confirmability in qualitative studies is often interconnected with the concepts of neutrality and objectivity (Riege, 2003). Confirmability implies that other researchers, using the same procedures in the same setting, would note similar contents, keywords, patterns and conclusions (Mayer, 2011). Confirmability is therefore closely linked with dependability. According to Tobin and Begley (2004), confirmability includes the accuracy and neutrality of the data.
Confirmability is usually reached by checking the internal coherence of the research product (Lincoln & Guba, 1985) and through a rigorous research process and a logical structure of the research study. It can be established through the reporting style of the research findings, through focus on the evaluation and analysis process, the explicit methods of data analysis description, and the possibility to confirm the findings of research through other researchers (Poggenpoel, 1998).
In this study, confirmability is established through internal coherence and the transparent description of the research study and the findings.