Step 1: Familiarisation and Immersion
The researcher immersed herself in the first- and third-person documents on the subject by means of repeated reading thereof, making notes, drawing diagrams and mindmaps, referring to the “key issues” defined in Sect. 6.9. During this phase, the researcher got first impressions of the texts, formulated assumptions of important key issues - including Alexander’s primary indicators of psychological salience and Schultz’s prototypical scenes - and decided which first- and third-person documents to include in the study. During this step 1, first assumptions - which Elms (2007) in the description of the research process names tentative hypotheses (see Sect. 6.7) - about the subject are defined. These tentative hypotheses (or pre-assumptions) with regard to Paulo Coelho are as follows:
Pre-assumption/tentative hypothesis 1:
1. Paulo Coelho was driven by his dream to become a writer. He overcame many hindrances on his way and met his life partner, Cristina, who supported him in overcoming the challenges. His resilience to overcome depression, frustrations, critics and times of crisis is related to strong mental health, which is reflected in specific life tasks and described in the holistic wellness model.
Pre-assumption/tentative hypothesis 2:
2. Coelho’s concept of faith developed over time. After several deep faith crises, he established a strong faith that grew in strength throughout his lifetime and that tended more and more to turn away from an individualised faith to a faith including “the other”.
After having defined the two broad assumptions, step 1 in content analysis is finalised and the themes are induced.