The Sixties (2007-2016)

Coelho celebrated his sixtieth birthday on St Joseph’s day and showed his passion and gratitude for this saint who had saved his life. This celebration also reflected a (a) sense of worth and a (c) realistic belief in Coelho’s personal strength, his connection to St Joseph and his life. By making his gratitude public, Coelho showed (d) emotional awareness and coping and he emphasised his (i) self-care. On his birthday, Coelho felt lonely, celebrating his birthday with Cristina only. However, he found soon out about his fan club celebrating for him on the internet (Coelho, 2014a) and he felt a strong (a) sense of worth. However, Coelho understood that fame left him with a feeling of loneliness (Coelho, 2014a) and he thus gained new (d) emotional awareness and ability to cope with loneliness and friendship.

With his publication of the book, “The winner stands alone” (Coelho, 2008a), Coelho showed the readers part of his life of being a famous global person. The book dealt with identity (l) and the question of following one’s dreams, referring to the (a) sense of worth and (i) self-care: Coelho described the situation that society and the powerful manipulate dreams and ideas about the dreams while making people long for fame and materialism. A feeling of self-worth (a.) and self-care (i) can protect a person in this manipulative power struggle for values that are produced by the powerful (Coelho, 2008a).

Writing helped Coelho (2010b) to improve his self-understanding and thereby his (a) self-worth, his (b.) self-control as well as his (k) gender and (l) cultural identity. He described himself (Coelho, 2010b) as successful, as open and devoted, having created his cultural identity (l.) and his (a) self-worth, since the age of 40, when his success started and he followed his dreams. He called his work “nature work” and a miracle of creation (Coelho, 2010b) to form his (l) cultural identity.

Looking back at his life in his documentary (2010b), Coelho described his childhood and youth: his (a) sense of worth mainly developed from the insight that he wrote poems, reflected on his life and found himself through writing. It seems as if his entire (a) sense of worth was bound to his ability to write. Particularly during his youth and during the time at university, Coelho became quite self-directed and (b) developed a sense of control over his own life. He (e) found creative solutions to survive after having stopped studying law and learnt how to care for himself (i), to care about his own needs. To stay healthy he used several rituals, such as travelling, walking and praying, which were (h) exercises for him (Coelho, 2010b). Coelho commented that he learnt how to live with his shadow sides - a sign of growth - and increased his (a) sense of worth, (b) sense of control, (c) realistic beliefs, (d) emotional awareness and coping, (e) problem-solving and creativity, (i) self-care and (j) stress management.

In the book “Aleph”, Coelho (2011) dealt with the sacred space and the “point where everything becomes one thing only” (Bosman, 2011). He (2011) expanded his former views on the world and included new realistic beliefs (c) on the world, its interconnectedness and the interlinkages of past and present lives. The book “Aleph” (Coelho, 2011) tells the autobiographical story of Coelho’s journey on the TransSiberian Railway, which was classified as his most personal book up to that date (Purwandoyo & Kurnia, 2013). Coelho found himself in a deep spiritual crisis (Purwandoyo & Kurnia, 2013) and required advice from his master, J. (Coelho, 2011). Coelho (2011) felt that he needed to develop further in terms of his awareness of self and others and (d) engage in a deeper relationship with the divine and the community of believers and nature (Furqon & Mustofa, 2014). The rituals of RAM strengthened his (l) cultural identity, his (e) problem-solving and creativity, his (a) sense of worth, (b) sense of control, (c) realistic beliefs, (d) emotional awareness and coping, by clearing his mind and his soul through finding his magical and spiritual path, his identity and belonging (Furqon & Mustofa, 2014). His personal need for development in connection with the practices of RAM helped Coelho to develop the above-mentioned dimensions in self-direction. In “Aleph” (Coelho, 2011), Coelho developed a new (c) realistic belief about the universe as well as about the experiences from a past incarnation through the eyes of a young woman called Hilal (Mihaly, 2012). In this autobiographic novel, Coelho experienced the courage to tackle the challenges of life in the context of a theosophy (Sari, 2013) and thereby referred to the dimensions of self-direction in terms of an increased (a) sense of worth and (b) sense of control through tackling challenges, as well as developed (c) realistic beliefs, (d) an increase in emotional awareness - as also highlighted by Purwandoyo and Kurnia (2013) - and coping, together with new (e) problem-solving possibilities and creativity. The authors also highlighted these components and referred to Coelho’s self-direction relating to (i) self-care and (d) awareness in terms of the subconscious drivers of actions in the life of a person. Coelho opened up about his personal experiences and conscious awareness of reincarnation and the ability to remember several incarnations and a life he lived about 400 years before. By describing these experiences in the book, Coelho increased his and the reader’s (c) realistic belief and (d) awareness and described how these experiences had helped him to cope with certain issues in his life (Weiss, 1992). He (j) managed stress in this incarnation, as well as unhappiness and trauma. However, the book’s critics highlighted (Teutsch, 2012) that Coelho only self-reviewed himself - which is an expression for overall (i) self-care, which might already be understood as a kind of unhealthy self-care that does not include (d) emotional awareness and coping with others, but just the author himself.

His next book (“Manuscript found in Acra” (Coelho, 2012, 2013a)) again referred to the topic of overcoming fear and loneliness - referring to (b) sense of control, as well as to the topic of God and his relation to the universe, (c) realistic beliefs - getting to know oneself, (i) self-care and (d) emotional awareness and coping. For Coelho (Reuters, 2013), the book is about accepting human contradictions and consequently about clarifying (c) realistic beliefs, as well as about (e) problemsolving and creativity in terms of overcoming religious egocentrism and moving beyond religion by relating to common human values and living a life of love. This concept of universal human values that help to overcome religious preferences built a new (l) cultural identity for Paulo Coelho. He developed a kind of universal (a) sense of worth of the human’s independence of religion, culture or anything else. Therefore, this book is about overcoming fanaticism and rigid world views (Reuters, 2013) and about expanding (c) realistic beliefs and using (e) problem-solving approaches and creativity.

In his recent book (Coelho, 2014e), the author reflected on the concept of life and the misperception of the idea that life should be full of happiness. The author rather promoted the idea that life should be lived to the full (Coelho, 2014e), which is dangerous because surprises can occur and the (b) sense of control is decreased. The story reflected on societal values, feelings of emptiness and boredom that can only be overcome by a strong faith and love (McAlpin, 2014). By referring to these issues, Coelho provided self-direction in terms of (e) individual problem-solving and creativity, which were based in the strength of love and faith. Both these concepts referred to and strengthened the (a) sense of worth of the individual, the ability to (i) care about the self and adequate ways of (j) stress management.

Table 7.18 Self-direction in sixties

Life span

Life task self-direction with sub-categories

Periods in life

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

(g)

(h)

(i)

(j)

(k)

(l)

8. Year 60-69

(a) x

(b) x

(c) x

(d) x

(e) x

(f)

(g)

(h) x

(i) x

(j) x

(k) x

(l) x

Source: Researcher’s own construction

Coelho commented on his success and ascribed it to the “force of my will” (Arias, 2001, p. 148), which made him proud and gave him a (a) sense of worth. This sense of worth was connected to his belief that the daily tasks of a person are at the same time divine tasks (Coelho, 2014b).

In 2014, Coelho’s love of writing seemed to be unbroken (RTL, 2014) and he commented that writing was his passion. In terms of self-direction, this comment was an expression of the (a) sense of worth that Coelho had developed throughout his life, as well as an expression of (b) feeling a sense of control through writing. Coelho’s unstoppable ability to write books is a highly creative expression, (e) which has supported him in dealing with himself and self-reflecting. His books gave him self-direction and built his (k) gender and (l) cultural identity when he became a bestselling global player (Table 7.18).

Impacting life forces:

Family In his sixties, the most important person in his life was his life partner, Cristina, with whom he celebrated his sixtieth birthday (Morais, 2009).

Religion Coelho (2008) dealt with the question of God and the rightness of Catholic orthodox belief. He referred to spiritualism and the Catholic brotherhood he is in (Coelho, 2010b) and developed the idea that a person needs to focus on the small things in life, which are miraculous (Coelho, 2010b). In his sixties, Coelho saw himself as a Catholic, he lived the mystery of the Catholic Church and enjoyed the rituals of mass and magic (Coelho, 2010b).

Education There are no descriptions about education in terms of formal education during this decade. However, Coelho implicitly described his learning processes in “Aleph” (Coelho, 2011).

Community: He had a close relationship with Cristina, but he also felt part of the global internet community (Coelho, 2014a). In 2008 Coelho supported the political campaign of Hillary Clinton (Morais, 2009) and was associated with the global political elite. Besides the international and political community, Coelho connected to the community of believers and nature (Coelho, 2011; Furqon & Mustofa, 2014) and belonged to the community of RAM (Furqon & Mustofa, 2014).

Media One of the media resources Paulo Coelho used most was the internet and he felt proud of being a writer with a fan club (Coelho, 2014a). He used Twitter, as well as his personal blog and website, to communicate with his readers. His success has been ascribed particularly to his self-piracy (Coelho, 2010b), as well as to his influence as a celebrity on Twitter (Sant Jordi Asociados, 2012).

Table 7.19 Overall life task self-direction with sub-categories

Life span

Life task self-direction with sub-categories

Periods in life

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

(g)

(h)

(i)

(j)

(k)

(l)

1. Year 1-6

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e) x

(f) x

(g)

(h)

(i)

(j)

(k)

(l)

2. Year 6-12

(a) x

(b) x

(c) x

(d) x

(e) x

(f) x

(g)

(h) x

(i) x

(j) x

(k) x

(l) x

3. Year 13-19

(a) x

(b) x

(c) x

(d) x

(e) x

(f) x

(g)

(h)

(i) x

(j) x

(k) x

(l) x

4. Year 20-29

(a) x

(b) x

(c) x

(d) x

(e) x

(f) x

(g)

(h)

(i) x

(j) x

(k) x

(l) x

5. Year 30-39

(a) x

(b) x

(c) x

(d) x

(e) x

(f)

(g)

(h)

(i) x

(j) x

(k) x

(l) x

6. Year 40-49

(a) x

(b) x

(c) x

(d) x

(e) x

(f)

(g)

(h) x

(i) x

(j) x

(k) x

(l) x

Source: Researcher’s own construction

Government Hardly any references could be found that deal with Coelho’s relationship to the government. However, in the context of the book fair in Germany, Coelho stated that he was unhappy about the Brazilian government’s choice of certain authors it invited to the book fair in Frankfurt (Deutsche Presse Agentur, 2014). Coelho considered boycotting the book fair because the Brazilian government practised favouritism (Deutsche Presse Agentur, 2014).

Business/Industry As part of his business with Cristina, Coelho promoted his publications, using particularly the new media.

 
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