(a) Sense of worth
In “Aleph” (Coelho, 2011, p. 70), the self-worth issue is hardly referred to. However, Coelho refers to it in the discussion on dealing with enemies. He emphasises that people should not judge themselves too harshly and should rather forgive, to show wisdom and intelligence. By not being judgemental, a person can experience his/her self-worth and be gentle with self-development, which might lead to openness in new directions.
(b) Sense of control
At the beginning of the book, Coelho is out of control of himself and is reminded by J: “Go and experiment. It is time you got out of here. Go and re-conquer your kingdom, which has grown corrupted by routine” (Coelho, 2011, p. 9). His sense of control has been corrupted by daily routines. To re-conquer the sense of control, a person needs to stop and feel, “I am here” (Coelho, 2011, p. 9). Coelho understands that he will only be well when he regains self-control to live in the present moment. Willpower supports a person in keeping control of a situation by showing commitment and patience, not only courage to do something (Coelho, 2011, p. 24). Selfcontrol is therefore important for holistic wellness. Coelho describes his opinion that a person is highly self-responsible and that only the individual personally can make decisions: “We are who we decide to be” (Coelho, 2011, p. 125). This is why he makes the decision to “go through the door” into a previous life (Coelho, 2011, p. 153). That is when Coelho regains complete self-control that contributes to his re-energisation and increase in holistic wellness.