Preliminary Assumptions Revised

In Sect., preliminary assumptions were defined, which are finally revised.

Assumption 1 Paulo Coelho was driven by his dream to become a writer. He overcame many hindrances on his way and met his life partner, Cristina, who supported him in overcoming the challenges. His resilience in overcoming depression, frustration, critics and times of crisis is related to strong mental health that is reflected in specific life tasks and life described in the HWM.

Revision of this assumption 1:

This assumption has been supported by the research. With regard to the HWM, Paulo Coelho’s wellness is particularly supported by the life tasks of spirituality, selfdirection and love, which seem to be strongly integrated. These life tasks, combined with the life forces of family and religion, support Paulo Coelho in maintaining and regaining his wellness. The process of writing seems to support Coelho to reflect on his values and developments and support him to stay well and even regain his wellness after depressive crises or frustrations. Thereby, wellness is created through spirituality, a spiritual connection to a higher source and through the process of writing. Paulo Coelho has the ability to reconstruct his wellness by activating resources such as certain life tasks and life forces that are in dynamic interplay. It might be assumed with regard to the findings of the study that not only wellness is needed, but that also crisis, depression and frustration, to activate the life tasks and life forces to re-establish holistic wellness. Depression and frustration function as positive challenges in the life of Paulo Coelho that activate him to revise his life, his writing, his spiritual development, self-direction and concept of love and to readjust to regain his holistic wellness or maintain it in times of strongly established wellness.

Assumption 2 Coelho’s concept of faith developed over time. After several deep faith crises, he established a strong faith that grew in strength throughout his lifetime and that tended more and more to turn away from an individualised faith to a faith that includes “the other”.

Revision of this assumption 2:

The findings show that Coelho’s faith has developed across his entire life span until 2017 and will most probably continue developing. The assumption stated above is only supported partly by the findings. Paulo Coelho does not per se have a strong concept of faith. The findings show that his concept of faith is highly dynamic, developing throughout his life according to the stages of faith development. Findings show that Coelho had to work actively on developing his faith throughout his life, overcoming doubts and reconstructing and redefining his faith concepts. Throughout the development, Coelho’s faith did not grow continuously, but experienced setbacks, crises and redefinitions that needed active reflection and redefinition. Outstanding about Coelho is that he showed strong resilience in the development of his faith, exploring his crises and coming out of them strengthened. Coelho used his creative works to develop his faith, to reconstruct and integrate various perspectives, while his faith supported him in overcoming crisis and doubt. Writing and faith development are strongly interlinked concepts, which developed their own dynamics throughout Coelho’s life. Therefore, Coelho’s faith development must be seen as an integrated dynamic development that continued to develop in circles rather than in stages.

The redefinition and revision of the preliminary pre-assumption reflect the hermeneutical circle (Dilthey, 1976, p. 259) described in Sect. 6.3. They support the development of conclusions (Sect. 9.5) and could only be redefined through understanding of the entire individual (Dilthey, 1976, p. 254). The revision of the assumptions does not reflect any objective standpoint, but a subjective meaningful interpretation of the issue of research, the life of Paulo Coelho in psychobiographical reconstruction, which is based on the idea of Dilthey’s hermeneutical circle (Chap. 6), leading to conclusions in Sect. 9.5. This study is viewed as an entry for other researchers, further research or follow-up studies on the subject studied, as explained by Kovary (2011, p. 763).

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