Reflections on Theoretical and Methodological Approaches used
The theoretical approaches used in this study are reflected in relation to the theoretical chapters presented. Firstly, the psychobiographical research is reflected, secondly the HWM is reviewed with regard to the theoretical approach and thirdly, the stages of FDT are re-evaluated. Through the reflection of the theoretical approaches, this study contributes to the discussion of the applicability of the theories applied and to the development of theoretical approaches used in psychobiographical studies.
This study falls into the category of psychobiographies, which has been described as a vibrant research area (Alexander, 1990; Kovary, 2011, Van Niekerk, 2007). As emphasised (Fouche & van Niekerk, 2010, p. 2), the study has uncovered and reconstructed the life of Paulo Coelho psychologically, providing as far as possible a holistic view of the person by describing, explaining and interpreting the gathered and selected information (as highlighted by McAdams 2006a). As referred to by Fouche (1999), the researcher of this study engaged herself systemically and selfconsciously in selected psychological theories to provide an alternative view (see Runyan, 2005b, p. 96) on Paulo Coelho’s life that is different from the ones usually provided, for example, by Arias (2001) and Morais (2009).
Fig. 9.6 Paradigm shift in psychobiographical studies on writers (Source: Researcher’s own construction)