Human Subjectivity in Psychobiographical Research
The subjectivity in qualitative research and in psychobiographies has been criticised over several decades (Kovary, 2011). This study uses the subjectivity of the researcher and her view on the life of Paulo Coelho. It has been expressed that this psychobiography could only be written with the researcher’s subjective motivation (see Sect. 1.9) and her view on why it was necessary to write a psychobiography on Paulo Coelho (see Sect. 2.7) in the beginning of the study. For transparency, the application of the qualitative quality criteria of this research and the idiographic, hermeneutic approaches used (Dilthey, 2002), as well as the reflections of the researcher at the end of the study, are included. The subjective development of the researcher in the context of this psychobiographical research is presented. This presentation of the researcher’s subjective reality on Paulo Coelho and the study emphasises human subjectivity as part of the research study. The researcher developed her subjective reality on the writer while reconstructing herself as a researcher and a writer. Thereby, the study also aims at supporting the psychobiographical approach promoted by Schultz (2005b), which highlights that the biographer is a researcher and an artist at the same time. This statement is referred to in Sect. 9.9.
Fig. 9.8 Psychobiography as cross-cultural research (Source: Researcher’s own construction)