Holistic Wellness and the Wheel of Wellness in This Study
The WOW theory developed over years; however, in this study, the final and most recent one is used (Myers et al., 2000). It is profoundly based on spirituality as the foundation of wellness (Moe, Perera-Diltz, & Rodriguez, 2012; Myers & Sweeney,
2007). This is also true for Paulo Coelho’s holistic wellness, which is based on the core concept of spirituality. For Coelho, spirituality is defined by purpose, meaning, sense of connection and optimism, as described by Sweeney and Witmer (1991), as well as religious or spiritual beliefs and practices (Myers & Sweeney, 2007).
Coelho’s WOW is different from that of Myers and Sweeney (2007): Around the centre of spirituality, Coelho’s WOW includes self-direction and love. Self-direction is thus mainly influenced by sense of worth, sense of control, realistic belief, emotional awareness and coping, problem-solving and creativity and cultural identity across his life span. The other sub-tasks of sense of humour; exercise; nutrition; self-care; stress management and gender identity do not play an outstanding role in Coelho’s life.
The assumption of Myers and Sweeney (2007) that the function of the 12 sublife-tasks is to direct the self, while dealing with the other three life tasks of work and leisure, friendship, and love, can be redefined. In the HWM that is developed on the basis of Myers and Sweeney’s model (2007), it is assumed that all five layers are systemically interrelated and not that the function of the sub-life-tasks is to direct the self only.
With regard to Coelho’s holistic wellness, it appears that spirituality is the core life task, followed by self-direction and love. Self-direction is mainly based on six sub-life-tasks.
The life forces that are important to Coelho are mainly defined by the life forces of family and religion and partly by community. The other life forces, such as media, government, education, business and industry, do not seem to have as much impact on Coelho.
The impact of global events is hardly described in any of the data analysed. It rather seems that the focus on the present moment (direct, self-related local events) and the ability to express himself through writing (holistic self-expression and reflection) are mainly important for Coelho’s holistic wellness.
Fig. 9.9 provides on overview of the redefined holistic wellness of Coelho, which is based on the model of Myers and Sweeney (2007)
Outstanding in the model on Paulo Coelho’s holistic wellness is that global events are replaced by local events and that the focus on the self is within the present moment. Furthermore, the model of Myers and Sweeney (2007), which focuses on holistic wellness in terms of life tasks, life forces and global events, is reduced to three main life tasks (with the core life task of spirituality, followed by self-direction and love) and to two to three life forces (family and religion (partly community)).