Women, Religion, and the Gift: An Abundance of Riches

Contributing to Continuity: Women and Sacrifice in Ancient IsraelIntroduction: Sacrifices, Places of Sacrifice, PersonnelAncient Near Eastern Context: Women and SacrificeSacrifice at Communal Israelite Shrines: Women’s ParticipationIsraelite Household Religion: Women’s Sacrificial PracticesDiscussionNotesReferencesAbidah El Khalieqy’s Struggles of Islamic Feminism Through Literary WritingsAbout Abidah El KhalieqyMuslim Women and Their RightsEducation RightsAbidah and Reproductive RightsAbidah on Gender-Based Violence: Domestic ViolenceConclusionNotesReferencesAn Epic Cry for Autonomy: Philosophical and Ethical Thinking in a Daoist Woman’s Ecstatic ExcursionsIntroduction: Lady Wang and Her Poem, The PlaintThe Ecstatic Excursion and Subjective TranscendencePhilosophical Teachings and Reflection as Presented in The PlaintEthical and Metaphysical Thinking in The PlaintHuman Nature Is Good and Beautiful (li)Morality as the Path to EnlightenmentA Cry for AutonomyThe Ethics of Human RelationsReflections on Lady Wang in the Context of the GiftConclusionNotesReferencesEconomies of Sainthood: Disrupting the Discourse of Female HagiographySainthood and Its NarrativesConstructing a SaintApproaches to Reading Mary’s SpiritualityConclusionNotesReferencesIndigenous Spirituality: Perspectives from the First Indigenous Women’s Summit of the AmericasThe Contemporary ContextThe Bishops’ Message to the Summit and the Women’s ResponseIndigenous SpiritualityDuality and GenderEquilibrium and Gender EquityA Spirituality of ImmanenceEmbodied ThoughtA New CosmovisionConclusionNotesReferencesEmbodied Divinity and the Gift: The Case of Okinawan KaminchuSetting the Issues in a Scholarly and Cultural ContextAn Alternative to Universalist ThesesFemale Predominance in RitualBody and Soul in Okinawa: The Accession RiteThe Ungami RitualInvocation to the Hearth DeityUnaiugami: Worship of WomenFestivitySending Off the DeitySummary and InterpretationGender and Ontology in Okinawa: A Problematic InterpretationConclusionNotes ReferencesWomen’s Power to Give: Their Central Role in Northern Plains First NationsThe Acknowledgment of Women and Their GiftsBlackfoot CeremoniesLakota CeremonyConclusionNotesReferencesA Buddhist Gift Enigma: Exchange in Vessantara’s Bodhisattvic Perfection of GivingGiving in the Vessantara J a taka TaleGiving as an Act of Confirming Status and of Extreme Giving by a BodhisattvaBodhisattva Giving and Economy of ExchangeA Bodhisattva Giving “in Exchange for” EnlightenmentConcluding DiscussionNotes ReferencesFood Gifts (Female Gift Givers): A Taste of JewishnessConditional Gifts for the Saints: “Gift” and “Commodity” as Gender Metaphors in Shi’a Ritual Practices in IranWomen’s Votive Meals: Sofreh8Men’s Muharram Rituals25Sacrifice: The Tropes of Food and BloodConcluding RemarksNotesReferencesBlack American Women and the Gift of Embodied SpiritualityDefining TermsSetting Contexts of Black Women’s Embodied SpiritualityWomanist TheologyBlack Women and Embodied SpiritualityThe Twist in the GiftConclusionReferencesWomen and the Gift in Medieval South IndiaThe Sociolegal Field of DiscourseThe Royal Field of DiscourseThe Ritual-Symbolic Field of DiscourseConclusionsNotes ReferencesThe Gifts of Wisdom: Images of the Feminine in Buddhism and ChristianitySourcesWisdom in BuddhismWisdom in ChristianityThe Changes Wrought by WisdomRelationship/ConnectednessThe Woman QuestionNotesReferences
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