Appendix. List of Hunted Bat Species Showing Primary Use (Food or Medicine), Summarized by Region and Country. We Followed IUCN Regional Classification

IUCN

region

Country in which hunted

Species

Status

Food

Medicine

Source

East Asia

China

Cynopterus sphinx

LC

x

Bates et al. (2008d), Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

China

Eonycteris spelaea

LC

x

Francis et al. (2008c), Stebbings (1987)

China

Hipposideros pomona

LC

x

x

Bates et al. (2008a)

China

Pteropus giganteus

LC

x

x

Molur et al. (2008a), Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

China

Rousettus leschenaultii

LC

x

x

Molur et al. (2002), Bates and Helgen (2008), Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

Japan

Pteropus pselaphon

CR

x

Ishii and Maeda (2008)

Taiwan

Pteropus dasymallus

NT

x

Heaney et al. (2008d)

IUCN

region

Country in which hunted

Species

Status

Food

Medicine

Source

North Africa

Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya

Myotis punicus

NT

x

Aulagnier et al. (2008)

Algeria, North Africa

Myotis emarginatus

LC

x

Hutson et al. (2008h)

North Africa

Myotis capaccinii

VU

x

Hutson et al. (2008g)

North Africa

Myotis nattereri

LC

x

Hutson et al. (2008a)

Oceania

American Samoa, Cook Islands and Niue, Fiji, New Caledonia, Vanuatu

Pteropus tonganus

VU

x

Hamilton and Helgen (2008),

American Samoa, Fiji, Samoa

Pteropus samoensis

NT

x

Brooke and Wiles (2008)

Fiji Mirimiri acrodonta/ Pteralopex acrodonta

CR

Flannery (1995b)

Fiji, Vanuatu Chaerephon

bregullae/

Tadarida bregullae

EN

x

Flannery (1995b), Palmeirim (2014)

Fiji, Vanuatu

Notopteris macdonaldi

VU

x

Flannery (1995b), Palmeirim et al. (2007), Palmeirim (2008)

Pteropus ualanus

VU

x

Wiles et al. (2008)

Indonesia, Papua New Guinea

Dobsonia moluccensis

LC

x

Hutson et al. (2008j)

Micronesia, Federated States of

Pteropus yapensis

VU

x

Wiles et al. (2008b)

Micronesia, Federated States of; Caroline Islands

Pteropus insularis/ Pteropus

phaeocephalus

CR

x

Helgen and Wiles (2010)

Micronesia

Pteropus molossinus

VU

x

Buden et al. (2008)

Micronesia, Guam and Commonweatlh of Northern Mariana Islands

Pteropus mariannus

EN

x

Falanruw and Manmaw (1992), Allison et al. (2008), Lemke (1992)

New Caledonia

Notopteris neocaledonica

VU

x

Brescia (2008a), Boissenin and Brescia (2007)

New Caledonia

Pteropus ornatus

VU

x

Brescia (2008b)

New Caledonia

Pteropus vetulus

VU

x

x?

Brescia (2008c), Flannery (1995b)

Palau

Pteropus pelewensis

NT

x

Wiles (2008), Wiles et al. (1997)

IUCN

region

Country in which hunted

Species

Status

Food

Medicine

Source

Papau New Guinea

Pteropus hypomelanus

LC

x

Francis et al. (2008a), Fujita and Tuttle (1991), Fujita (1988)

Papua New Guinea

Aproteles bulmerae

CR

x

Flannery (1995b), Hutson et al. (2008m)

Papua New Guinea

Miniopterus magnater

LC

x

Bonaccorso and Reardon (2008b), Cuthbert (2003a, b)

Papua New Guinea

Nyctimene aello

LC

x

Bonaccorso and Helgen (2008), Cuthbert (2003a, b)

Papua New Guinea

Nyctimene cyclotis

DD

x

Cuthbert (2003a)

Papua New Guinea

Pteralopex flanneryi

CR

x

Helgen et al. (2008a)

Papua New Guinea

Pteropus neohibernicus

LC

x

Salas et al. (2008)

Papua New Guinea

Rousettus amplexicaudatus

LC

x

Csorba et al. (2008g), Utzurrum (1992)

Papua New Guinea

Syconycteris australis

LC

x

Cuthbert (2003a)

Papua New Guinea, possibly Cambodia and Vietnam

Miniopterus pusillus

LC

x

Cuthbert (2003a, b)

Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands

Pteralopex anceps

EN

x

Helgen et al. (2008c)

Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu

Miniopterus macrocneme

DD

x

Bonaccorso and Reardon (2008a)

Solomon Islands

Pteralopex atrata

EN

x

Helgen and Hamilton (2008b)

Solomon Islands

Pteralopex taki

EN

x

Hamilton et al. (2008a)

Solomon Islands

Pteropus cognatus

EN

x

James et al. (2008)

Solomon Islands

Pteropus nitendiensis

EN

x

Leary et al. (2008a)

Solomon Islands

Pteropus rennelli

VU

x

Hamilton et al. (2008b)

Solomon Islands

Pteropus tuberculatus

CR

x

Leary et al. (2008b)

Solomon Islands, Papau New Guinea

Pteropus rayneri

NT

x

Hamilton and Leary (2008), Bowen et al. (1997)

Vanuatu

Emballonura semicaudata

EN

x

Bonaccorso et al. (2008), Chambers and Esrom (1991)

Vanuatu

Miniopterus tristis

LC

x

Chambers and Esrom (1991)

IUCN

region

Country in which hunted

Species

Status

Food

Medicine

Source

Vanuatu

Pteropus anetianus

VU

x

Mickleburgh et al. (1992), Helgen and Hamilton (2008a), Chambers and Esrom (1991)

Vanuatu

Pteropus fundatus

EN

x

Helgen and Hamilton (2008c), Chambers and Esrom (1991)

Vanuatu, others?

Aselliscus tricuspidatus

LC

x

Bonaccorso et al. (2008), Chambers and Esrom (1991)

Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea

Miniopterus australis

LC

x

Chambers and Esrom (1991)

South America

Bolivia

Artibeus sp.

LC

Lizarro et al. (2010)

Bolivia

Carollia perspicillata

LC

x

Lizarro et al. (2010)

Bolivia

Desmodus rotundus

LC

Lizarro et al. (2010)

Bolivia

Myotis sp.

?

Lizarro et al. (2010)

Brazil

Glossophaga sp.

LC or DD

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

Brazil

sp. 1

x

Lévi-Strauss (1979), Setz and Sazima (1987), Setz (1991)

Brazil

sp. 2

x

Lévi-Strauss (1979), Setz and Sazima (1987), Setz (1991)

Brazil

sp. 3

x

Lévi-Strauss (1979), Setz and Sazima (1987), Setz (1991)

South Asia

Bangladesh

Pteropus giganteus

LC

x

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2009), Molur et al. (2008a)

India

Hipposideros speoris

LC

x

Molur et al. (2008b)

India

Latidens salimalii

EN

x

Molur and Vanitharani (2008)

India

Megaderma lyra

LC

x

x

Csorba et al. (2008a)

India

Megaderma spasma

LC

x

x

Csorba (2008e)

India

Nyctalus montanus

LC

x

Molur and Srinivasulu (2008)

India

Pteropus faunulus

VU

x

Kingston et al. (2008); Singaravelan et al. (2009)

India

Pteropus melanotus

VU

x

Hutson et al. (2008d), Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

India

Taphozous melanopogon

LC

x

Csorba et al. (2008f), Molur et al. (2002)

India

Taphozous theobaldi

LC

x

x

Bates et al. (2008e), Molur et al. (2002)

India, Sri Lanka

Hipposideros lankadiva

LC

x

x

Molur et al. (2008c)

IUCN

region

Country in which hunted

Species

Status

Food

Medicine

Source

South Asia wide

Rousettus leschenaultii

LC

x

Molur et al. (2002), Bates and Helgen (2008), Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

South Asia wide

Cynopterus sphinx

LC

x

Bates et al. (2008d), Molur et al. (2002)

South East Asia

Brunei (Borneo), Cambodia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam

Chaerephon plicatus/ Tadarida plicata

LC

x

Csorba et al. (2014)

Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand

Pteropus vampyrus

NT

x

Bates et al. (2008f), Clayton and MilnerGulland (2000)

Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR,

Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam

Cynopterus brachyotis

LC

x

Lacerna and Widmann (1999)

Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Thailand, Vietnam

Cynopterus sphinx

LC

x

x

Bates et al. (2008d), Johnson et al. (2003)

Cambodia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam

Eonycteris spelaea

LC

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

Cambodia, Thailand

Pteropus lylei

VU

x

Bumrungsri et al. (2008b); Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

Indonesia

Acerodon celebensis

LC

x

Hutson et al. (2008c), Clayton and MilnerGulland (2000)

Indonesia

Acerodon humilis

EN

x

Hutson et al. (2008b), Clayton and MilnerGulland (2000)

Indonesia

Acerodon mackloti

VU

x

Hutson et al. (2008i)

Indonesia

Cheiromeles parvidens

LC

x

Csorba et al. (2008b)

Indonesia

Harpyionycteris celebensis

VU

x

Hutson et al. (2008l)

Indonesia

Neopteryx frosti

EN

x

Hutson et al. (2008k)

Indonesia

Pteropus alecto

LC

x

Bergmans and Rozendaal (1988), Hutson et al. (2008n)

Indonesia

Pteropus caniceps

NT

x

Hutson and Helgen (2008a)

Indonesia

Pteropus chrysoproctus

NT

x

Hutson and Helgen (2008b)

Indonesia

Pteropus griseus

DD

x

Heinrichs and Zahnke (1997)

IUCN

region

Country in which hunted

Species

Status

Food

Medicine

Source

Indonesia

Pteropus lombocensis

DD

x

Clayton and MilnerGulland (2000), Helgen and Salas (2008a)

Indonesia

Pteropus melanopogon

EN

x

Helgen and Salas (2008b)

Indonesia

Pteropus ocularis

VU

x

Helgen and Salas (2008c)

Indonesia

Pteropus pohlei

EN

x

Helgen and Bonaccorso (2008a)

Indonesia

Pteropus temminckii

VU

x

Helgen and Bonaccorso (2008b)

Indonesia

Rousettus bidens

VU

x

Helgen et al. (2008d)

Indonesia

Rousettus celebensis

LC

x

Ruedas et al. (2008b)

Indonesia

Styloctenium wallacei

NT

x

Ruedas et al. (2010), Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

Indonesia

Thoopterus nigrescens

LC

x

Ruedas et al. (2008a), Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

Indonesia, Thailand

Rousettus leschenaultii

LC

x

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

Lao PDR

Hipposideros scutinares

VU

x

Francis and Bates (2008)

Lao PDR

Tadarida latouchei

DD

x

Francis and Maeda (2008)

Lao PDR,

Philippines, Thailand

Taphozous melanopogon

LC

x

Csorba (2008f), Magnus (2001)

Lao PDR,

Thailand, Vietnam

Hipposideros armiger

LC

x

Bates et al. (2008b)

Malaysia

Cheiromeles torquatus

LC

x

Csorba et al. (2008c)

Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand

Pteropus hypomelanus

LC

x

Francis et al. (2008a), Fujita and Tuttle (1991), Fujita (1988)

Myanmar

Hipposideros pomona

LC

x

x

Bates et al. (2008a)

Myanmar

Rhinolophus marshalli

LC

x

Bates (2003)

Myanmar, Thailand

Craseonycteris thonglongyai

VU

x

Bates (2003)

Philippines

Acerodon jubatus

EN

x

Mildenstein et al. (2008), Heaney and Heideman (1987)

Philippines

Acerodon leucotis

VU

x

Ong et al. (2008b)

Philippines

Dobsonia chapmani

CR

x

Heaney et al. (2008b), Heaney and Heideman (1987)

Philippines

Eonycteris robusta

NT

x

Ong et al. (2008e)

Philippines

Harpyionycteris whiteheadi

LC

x

Ong et al. (2008d), Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

IUCN

region

Country in which hunted

Species

Status

Food

Medicine

Source

Philippines

Hipposideros coronatus

DD

x

Gomez et al. (2008)

Philippines

Hipposideros pygmaeus

LC

x

Heaney et al. (2008a)

Philippines

Macroglossus minimus

LC

x

Mickleburgh et al. 2009, Francis et al. (2008b)

Philippines

Nyctimene rabori

EN

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

Philippines

Ptenochirus jagori

LC

x

Heaney and Heideman (1987)

Philippines

Pteropus dasymallus

NT

x

Heaney et al. (2008d)

Philippines

Pteropus leucopterus/ Desmalopex leucopterus

LC

x

Ong et al. (2008a)

Philippines

Pteropus pumilus

NT

x

Heaney et al. (2008c), Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

Philippines

Pteropus speciosus

DD

x

Rosell-Ambal et al. (2008)

Philippines

Rhinolophus rufus

NT

x

Ong et al. (2008c)

Philippines

Styloctenium mindorensis

DD

x

Esselstyn (2008)

Philippines, Thailand

Hipposideros lekaguli

NT

x

Csorba (2008d)

Philippines, Thailand

Rousettus amplexicaudatus

LC

x

Csorba (2008g), Utzurrum (1992)

SE Asia

Megaderma spasma

LC

x

x

Csorba (2008e)

Thailand

Hipposideros halophyllus

EN

x

Bates et al. (2008b)

Vietnam, Cambodia

Megaderma lyra

LC

x

x

Csorba et al. (2008a)

Sub Saharan Africa

Unspecified

Epomophorus labiatus

LC

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2008b)

Unspecified

Hipposideros gigas

LC

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2008p)

Unspecified

Hipposideros jonesi

NT

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2008g)

Unspecified

Hipposideros marisae

VU

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2008h)

Unspecified

Hipposideros ruber

LC

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2008i)

Unspecified

Hipposideros vittatus

NT

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2008f)

Unspecified

Mops midas/Tadarida midas

LC

x

Jenkins et al. (2014)

Unspecified

Myotis morrisi

DD

x

Jacobs et al. (2008a)

Unspecified

Rhinolophus alcyone

LC

x

Jacobs et al. (2008b)

IUCN

region

Country in which hunted

Species

Status

Food

Medicine

Source

Unspecified

Rhinolophus guineensis

VU

x

Fahr (2008a)

Unspecified

Rhinolophus hillorum

NT

x

Jacobs et al. (2010)

Unspecified

Rhinolophus silvestris

DD

x

Cotterill (2008)

Unspecified

Rhinolophus ziama

EN

x

Fahr (2008d)

Unspecified

Rousettus lanosus

LC

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2008n)

Unspecified

Taphozous mauritianus

LC

Hutson et al. (2008e)

Benin

Epomophorus gambianus

LC

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2008r)

Benin, Cameroon, Congo Rep., Cote d'Ivoire, DRC, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia

Eidolon helvum

NT

x

x

Halstead (1977), Kamins et al. (2011), Mickleburgh et al. (2008l)

Benin, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial

Guinea, Nigeria

Epomops franqueti

LC

x

Colyn et al. (1987), Fa et al. (1995), Juste et al. (1995),

Bennett Hennessey (1995)

Comoros Islands

Pteropus livingstonii

EN

x

Trewhella et al. (1995)

Congo Republic

Lissonycteris angolensis

LC

x

Wilson and Wilson (1991), Mickleburgh et al. (2008c)

Congo Republic

Nycteris grandis

LC

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2008k), Bennett Hennessey (1995)

Côte d'Ivoire

Chaerephon ansorgei/ Tadarida ansorgei

LC

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2008e)

Equatorial Guinea

Micropteropus pusillus

LC

x

Juste et al. (1995), Fa (2000)

Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria

Rousettus aegyptiacus

LC

x

Fa et al. (1995), Fa (2000),

Benda et al. (2008)

Guinea

Hipposideros lamottei

CR

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2008q)

Guinea

Rhinolophus maclaudi

EN

x

Fahr (2008b), Fahr et al. (2002), Fahr and Ebigbo (2003)

Guinea

Rhinolophus ruwenzorii

VU

x

Fahr et al. (2002), Fahr and Ebigbo (2003), Fahr (2008c)

Madagascar

Chaerephon jobimena/ Tadarida jobimena

LC

x

Andriafidison et al. (2014a)

IUCN

region

Country in which hunted

Species

Status

Food

Medicine

Source

Madagascar

Eidolon dupreanum

VU

x

Andriafidison et al. (2008a), Jenkins and Racey (2008)

Madagascar

Emballonura atrata

LC

x

Jenkins et al. (2008b)

Madagascar

Hipposideros commersoni

NT

x

Goodman (2006), Jenkins

and Racey (2008)

Madagascar

Miniopterus gleni

LC

x

Andriafidison et al. (2008b), Goodman (2006), Goodman et al. (2008)

Madagascar

Miniopterus majori

LC

x

Jenkins and Rakotoarivelo (2008)

Madagascar

Miniopterus manavi

LC

x

Andriafidison et al. (2008c), Golden (2005)

Madagascar

Mops leucostigma

LC

x

Andriafidison et al. (2014b)

Madagascar

Mormopterus jugularis

LC

x

Andriafidison et al. (2008d)

Madagascar

Myzopoda aurita

LC

x

Jenkins et al. (2008a)

Madagascar

Pteropus rufus

VU

x

Andriafidison et al. (2008e), Jenkins and Racey (2008)

Madagascar

Rousettus madagascariensis

NT

x

Andriafidison et al. (2008f), Jenkins and Racey (2008)

Madagascar

Scotophilus robustus

LC

x

Andriafidison et al. (2008g)

Madagascar

Triaenops furculus

LC

x

J. Razafimanahaka pers. comm

Madagascar

Triaenops rufus

LC

x

Goodman (2006), Andriafidison et al. (2008h)

Mauritius

Pteropus niger

VU

x

Hutson and Racey (2013), Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

Mauritius

Pteropus rodricensis

CR

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2008d), Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

Rwanda

Rhinolophus hilli

CR

x

Fahr (2010)

São Tomé and Príncipe

Chaerephon tomensis

EN

x

Carvalho et al. (2014)

São Tomé and Príncipe

Miniopterus newtoni

DD

x

Carvalho et al. (2014)

São Tomé and Príncipe

Myonycteris brachycephala

EN

x

Carvalho et al. (2014)

Seychelles

Pteropus seychellensis

LC

x

Carvalho et al. (2014)

Tanzania (Pemba)

Pteropus voeltzkowi

VU

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2008m)

The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria

Hypsignathus monstrosus

LC

x

Mickleburgh et al. (2008j), Mickleburgh et al. (2009)

Unspecified

Myotis mystacinus

LC

x

Hutson et al. (2008f)

 
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