Community Violence’s Disparate Impact

Data on youth of color's exposure to violence also reveal race and poverty's intertwined effects. An estimated 70% to 100% of children living in underresourced communities experience high rates of exposure to frightening, dangerous events. Youth ages 12 to 24 suffer more violent crime than any other age group in the United States (Rand, 2009). Very poor African Americans are nearly twice as likely to be victims ofviolence as whites at the same income level (80.2 per 1,000 people vs. 44.6, respectively). However, victimization rates progressively fall as income increases (National Crime Victimization Survey, 2007). During the 1990s, multiple studies documented extensive adolescent violence exposure (Schwab-Stone et al., 1999) and indicated that poor youth of color consistently experienced higher incidence rates than other adolescents (Garbarino et al., 2004). Black and Latino youth remain exposed to significantly higher rates of violence than white youth at every income level despite the steep drop in crime rates during the past 15 years (National Crime Victimization Survey, 2007; Stein et al., 2003).

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