Below, we present key findings and conclusions across experiments as organized by our three research objectives. Readers are referred to other publications (noted below) for specific details regarding each study’s findings.

Research Objective 1: To Understand the Differential Effects of Multiple Types of Team Cognition

Despite various calls for studies to simultaneously assess multiple forms of team cognition (e.g., DeChurch & Mesmer-Magnus, 2010; Mohammed et al., 2010), few previous studies have done so. In response, we measured cognitive process (information sharing) as well as dynamic (shared SA) and more enduring (TMMs) emergent cognitive structures. Controlling for Scenario 1 performance, there was a significant positive relationship between team performance and team mental model similarity when measured as concept maps (Tesler et al., 2011) and both concept maps and similarity ratings (Mohammed et al., 2015; Tesler et al., 2012). Another study showed that shared SA (using SAGAT) and TMMs (using concept maps) evidenced a reciprocal relationship, such that shared SA in Scenario 1 contributed to more accurate TMMs for Scenario 1, which contributed to more accurate shared SA in Scenario 2, which then contributed to more accurate TMMs in Scenario 2. TMMs mediated the relationship between shared SA and team performance. Other results revealed that information sharing played a moderating role in that the relationship between analog storytelling and team mental model similarity was strengthened under higher information sharing (Mohammed, Tesler, Hamilton, Mancuso, & McNeese, 2014).

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