Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Armenia


Overview and policy recommendations in ArmeniaWhy was Armenia included in the IPPMD project?How did the IPPMD project operate in Armenia?What does the report tell us about the links between migration and development?Labour market policies can curb emigrationAgricultural subsidies influence households' migration decisionsRemittances encourage investments in educationInvestment is not being boosted by migrationA more coherent policy agenda can unlock the development potential of migrationIntegrate migration and development into labour market policiesLeverage migration for agricultural developmentEnhance the links between migration and investment in educationStrengthen the links between migration, investment, financial services and developmentRoadmap of the reportReferencesArmenia’s migration landscapeA brief overview of migration and remittance trends in ArmeniaEmigration remains highRemittances are high but fluctuatingWhat are the key issues and knowledge gaps?The impact of migration on the local labour market is not clearThe impact of migration on agriculture needs further researchThe links between migration and education are inconclusiveEmigrants lack social protectionMigration may strengthen gender inequalityWhat role does migration play in national development strategies?Migration is integrated into national development strategiesPolicies governing migration are being improvedWhat is the institutional framework governing migration?ConclusionsNotesReferencesUnderstanding the methodological framework used in ArmeniaHow were the households and communities sampled?Household surveyCommunity surveyStakeholder interviewsHow were the data analysed?What do the surveys tell us about migration in Armenia?Emigration patterns differ for men and womenGender plays a role in remittance use and sendingAbout half of the return migrants are satisfied to be backWhat impacts does migration have on development in Armenia?Migration and the labour marketRemittances reduce the supply of labourRemittances and return migration encourage self-employment, but only in rural areasMigration and agricultureAgricultural households do not channel remittances into productive agricultural investmentMigration and educationRemittances encourage investments in educationReturn migration has limited impact on human capital accumulationMigration, investments and financial servicesMigration and remittances do not seem to stimulate investments in productive capitalConclusionsNotesReferencesHow do sectoral policies affect migration in ArmeniaLabour market policies and migrationVocational training programmes tend to curb emigration in ArmeniaGovernment employment agencies and public employment programmes are doing little to influence migrationAgricultural policies and migrationAgricultural subsidies tend to decrease plans to emigrateEducation policies and migrationEducation programmes do not seem to influence migration patternsAddressing skills mismatches could enhance migration's development potentialInvestment and financial services policies and migrationFinancial services provision and access are limitedVery few households have participated in financial trainingConclusionsNotesReferences
 
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