What impacts does migration have on development in Armenia?

Armenia has one of the highest, and increasing, emigration rates in the world, with about 30% of the population living outside the country. In parallel, Armenia also benefits from significant and increasing levels of remittances. This chapter asks to what extent these trends are contributing to the country's development in four sectors: the labour market, agriculture, education, and investment and financial services. Drawing on the IPPMD surveys and data analysis, the chapter finds both positive and negative effects on development.

^Armenia's rather turbulent recent history has meant the country has one of the highest emigration rates in the world, with about 30% of the population living outside the country. As well as witnessing a marked increase in the number of emigrants, Armenia benefits from significant and increasing remittances from migration. As discussed in Chapter 2, migration - historically and today - is a significant driving force for development in Armenia.

This chapter asks how these migration trends are affecting Armenia’s development in four policy sectors: the labour market, agriculture, education, and investment and financial services. For each sector the chapter presents the findings of the IPPMD surveys and data analysis to explore the impact of three dimensions of migration: emigration, remittances and return migration. The next chapter explores key policies in each of the focus sectors and their links to migration outcomes.

 
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