Iran and the International System


Iran’s religious fundaments and principles in interaction with the international systemFundament 1: Respectful attitude to all peopleTypes of human dignityRequirements of human dignityFundaments of human dignity in IslamPrinciplesFundament 2: Negation of violenceConflict between violence and fundaments ofpolitical thought in IslamWar and jihad in the QuranViolence in Sunnah and life of Prophet (S)Striving to prevent violencePrinciplesFundament 3: Compliance with moral and humanitarian principlesMoral fundaments of IslamNecessity of observing ethics by Muslims in politicsCompliance with ethics in wartimePrinciplesFundament 4: Precedence of dialogue as the main way of solving problemsFundament 5: Compliance with covenantsPolitical and social importance of covenantsCompliance with content of covenants with anybody and at anytimePrinciplesFundament 6: Respect for all thoughts and religionsTrans-religious and trans-ethnical attitudeRespect for other religions and minoritiesPrinciplesFundament 7: Attention to realities and power equationsConclusion: introduction to “intersection theory” in international relationsNotesBibliographyPolitical rationality of the Islamic Republic of Iran in comparison with contemporary fundamentalismTheoretical frameworkBetween rationality and reasonabilityThe differenceThe law of peoplesWhy peoples and not states?The decent peoplesBeing realisticThe case of the Islamic Republic of IranDeserving membershipThe criteriaIntersubjectivityThe constitutionIran’s membership in international treatiesQualification for formulating a theory ofjusticeThe aptitudeNecessityConclusionBibliographyThe Islamic Republic of Iran and the ideal international systemDifferent types of favourable international orderAn Islamic world societyAn Islamic international societyA just international systemEquality of statesRule of law and independent international organizationsA just peaceAbsence of dominationCommon human valuesDiscursive sources of Iranian revisionismIslamic ideologyThird worldismThe search for justiceMechanisms for development of a just international systemDeconstruction of the present international orderUnity of the Islamic worldFormation of an anti-hegemonic coalitionConclusionBibliographyPeace and security in the international systemFuture outlook of the international order from Iran’s viewpointThe American scenarioFirst category: alliesSecond category: collaboratorsThird category: antagonistsFourth category: companionsThe European scenarioFirst pillar: strategic union with the United StatesSecond pillar: Getting out from under the US hegemonic umbrellaThe EU is not against a world hegemonic powerThe European Union does not intend to replace the USThe EU sees itself as part of the world hegemonic systemThe EU considers protecting UN status a necessityCritical assessment: Iran, US, EuropeHegemonic tendencies in the US and EuropeExpansion of conflictsConclusion: towards a new orderNotesThe Islamic republic of Iran and the international systemConceptsDefinition of paradigmDefinition of international systemHistorical trend of the international systemTransition periodTheories presented in the WestThe new world order theoryThe clash of civilizations paradigmTheory of the end of historyIslamic revolution and the future world orderFormation of two campsArrangement of forces and playersDomineering campCounter-domineering campCharacteristics of the two campsProspect of a clash with the domination paradigmConclusionNotesTransnational culture and international relations of IranTransnationalism: an overviewImmigration: past and presentCultural exchangesCulture and transnationalismTransnational culture and beyondDialogue among civilizations: culture and international relationsTransnational culture: obstacles and impedimentsCulture and new wave: Iran in a global worldIran’s response to transnational cultureIslam and transnational cultureConclusion: dramatic change on the wayNotesReferencesTwo different faces of Iran-West relationsPolitical importance of everyday affairs and special awareness of itBinaries indicating two different aspects of Iran-West relationsUniversalism/particularityAuthenticity/hybridContinuity/flexibilityVahid Shalchi Simplicity/complexitySelf/otherCold/warmDiscursive consciousness/practical consciousnessConclusionNotesBibliographyDomestic politics and foreign policy in contemporary IranIran before the tenth presidential pollThe regional and international environment under President BushThe regional and international environment under President ObamaIran post-electionConcluding thoughtsNotesForeign policy as social constructionThe bases of constructivist understanding of social phenomenaConcept of foreign policyMental grounds and public opinion on religion and foreign policy in Iranian societyMain political trends in IranConclusionNotesDiscourse and violencePahlavi Iran, Aryan myths and the Indo-European bondRevolutionary Iran and the terrorist subjectDialectical conjunctions and the Iranian-American syntaxNoteReferencesEnergy security and Iran’s role in international relationsOil and gas reservesOil securityIran, energy and international relationsClimate changeNotesThe impact of Iran’s tenth presidential elections on its relations with the EU and Mediterranean statesThe complex relationship between Iran and the West in the post-election periodTime limits in diplomacyTougher economic sanctionsThe Supreme Leader’s beliefs/ideasThe role of the Iranian presidentProviding an ITfacility for the Iranian peopleIran’s policy of stimulation irrationalityRussia’s strategic ties with Iran’s hard-liner leadershipIsraelConclusionNotesThe 2009 Iranian presidential elections in comparative perspectiveThe political and party systemThe electoral systemThe presidential elections of 1997-2005June 2009 presidential elections campaignThe contested resultsConcluding thoughtsNotesConcluding thoughtsSelect bibliography
 
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