Fundament 3: Compliance with moral and humanitarian principles

Moral fundaments of Islam

Supplementing and completing moral virtues and values has been mentioned as one of the most important goals of Prophet Mohammad (S), something which he himself has admitted.71 Any issue should be of the highest importance for which the Almighty God appoints a prophet, and any prophet directs all his efforts after appointment toward the goal he has been appointed for and does not overlook it under any condition for any interests, because if it were not for that objective, he would not have been appointed prophet. All performance and measures of the Prophet (S) to push the affairs of Muslims forward was carried out within in the framework of this exalted moral virtue.

Both in logical and rational terms and in view of Prophet Mohammad’s (S) conduct, he always acted upon those moral values and divine criteria because he was not permitted to do otherwise. Prophet Mohammad (S) was appointed to a lofty goal toward which all means, including power and government, should be oriented. Any deviation from that original goal would defeat the main purpose of prophet- hood. God has admired Prophet Mohammad’s (S) temper72 and that good temper existed in him because The Prophet Mohammad (S) managed to manifest and be bound to all moral values and virtues that have their roots in divine teachings. Compliance with moral values will be more important when it is so under all conditions, including in weakness and power as well as in war and peace and will not be sacrificed for interests and prudence. The Prophet Mohammad (S) was always like that through thick and thin and under ordinary, critical, war and peacetime and at the peak of power and government. Therefore, God introduced him to all Muslims as a “good role model.”73 This is not only in personal aspects, but includes all social and personal, macro and micro dimensions of Muslims’ lives including politics and governance.

There are two important points about the Prophet Mohammad (S) being a role model for Muslims. First, it is a totally objective and practical model, which cannot be realized through lip service and boasting. Second, as the subject grows in importance, so does the need to take Prophet Mohammad (S) as a role model. As a result, in politics and government, Muslims should follow suit with the Prophet Mohammad (S) “in practice” and “in reality.” On the other hand, the Prophet Mohammad (S) has been appointed to complete moral virtues and God has admired his compliance with those virtues and has introduced him as a role model for Muslims. Therefore, politics and government in Islamic thought cannot be rationally and reasonably based on anything but ethics and their goal will be nothing but to promote divine values and moral virtues.

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