Peace and security in the international system

An Iranian approach

Asghar Eftekhary


A definition of national security based on the production of wealth and people’s creativity is the basis of a country’s foreign policy ... (in modern times)1

This simple but thoughtful definition proposed by Mahmoud Sariolqalam on the future structure of the international system shows that many foreign policy analysts are concerned about this issue. The key question is, ‘What are the basic trends which determine the outcome of peace and security in the international arena?’ As outlined by Ruhollah Ramezani, new conditions have emerged in which all the rules, discourse and strategic methods have changed. Therefore, we are faced with a new world order whose strategic equations cannot necessarily be solved by using old principles and regulations.2

If this idea, whose truth cannot be doubted,3 were accepted, new peace and security structures must be discussed and the most important international political matters should be delineated. The result will be important in that it will determine the centre of gravity (of political developments), on which security structures will be based. Naturally, our understanding of this issue can determine the direction of theoretical studies and practical proposals regarding national security.

To do this, firstly, major scenarios on the structure of global security and their important components should be identified. Then, by analysing tension-creating trends in each of these scenarios, the most important issues related to international peace and security in the 21st century could be delineated and an Iranian approach to solve problems and establish international peace and security proposed.

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