Identifying Biases in the Perceptions of History
Next, we will describe diverse patterns of possible biases in the perceptions of history that have arisen in the research based on surveys on sample of nonexpert participants. Below, we highlight the way these perceptions may affect learning history, and particularly three main competences of history reasoning: (1) understanding historical significance, (2) understanding historical continuity and change (Grever, 2012; Seixas, 2012) and (3) historical consciousness and perspective-taking. Figure (26.1) below contains a conceptual map of this chapter, which summarizes the presented below biases in the perceptions of history.
Biases in Understanding Historical Significance
The competence of assessing historical significance requires identifying past historical events and figures whose outcomes have important and long-term consequences. This competence addresses the matter of why we care about historical events and issues. Below we review diverse factors that may determine what is historically significant among students across different contexts.