Chronicles of Incidents and Response

AcknowledgementsAuthorChronicles of Incidents and ResponseOrigins of Hazardous Materials ResponseBeginnings of Hazardous Materials Transportation RegulationsDust and Boiler ExplosionsPetroleum Industry is BornNebraska Firefighters Museum Hazardous Materials DisplayHastings, Nebraska “Gasoline & Oil Clean-Up Squad”Milwaukee, Wisconsin’s Petroleum Dispersal Unit 1Evolution of Present-Day Hazmat TeamsJacksonville, FL’s First Emergency Services Hazmat Team in the United StatesChief Yarbrough’s VisionThe “Godfather of Hazmat”America’s First Emergency Services Hazmat TeamMy Visits to JacksonvilleCaptain Ron Gore RetiresMartin County Florida: First Volunteer Hazmat Team in United StatesFire Department HistoryHazmat Team HistoryHouston, Texas Pioneer Hazmat TeamBeginnings of Hazmat Response in HoustonHouston Distribution Warehouse ComplexMemphis, Tennessee Pioneer Hazmat TeamHazmat Team HistoryHazardous Materials ExposureIncidentsDrexel Chemical Company Fire & ExplosionPro-Serve Fire (Brooks Road)Selected Historical Hazmat IncidentsThe 1800sFirst Incident Found During ResearchSyracuse, NY August 30, 1841 the Great Gunpowder ExplosionMinneapolis, MN May 2, 1878 Washburn “A” Flour Mill ExplosionChester, PA February 16, 1882 Jackson Fireworks Plant ExplosionCavan Point, NJ May 11, 1883 Standard Oil Works Fire Started by LightningOil City, Titusville, and Meadville, PA June 1892 Flood and ExplosionBradford, PA, May 14, 1894 Refinery FireButte, MT January 15, 1895 Warehouse District Dynamite Explosion and FireChicago, IL August 5, 1897 Grain Elevator FireFiremen that Made the Supreme SacrificePhiladelphia, PA August 5, 1897 Naphtha ExplosionThe 1900sNew York, NY November 2, 1900 Tarrant & Co Drug House Explosion(Greenwich Street Volcano FDNY)Sheridan, PA Naphtha Car Explosions May 12, 1902Milwaukee, WI February 4, 1903 Schwab Stamp & Seal Acid SpillFiremen that Made the Supreme SacrificeInjuredAvon, CT September 15, 1905 Fuse Co. ExplosionPortland, or June 27, 1911 Oil Company FireFireman that Made the Supreme SacrificeEddystone, PA April 10, 1917 Ammunition Works DisasterMorgan, NJ October 4, 1918 T.A. Gillespie & Company ExplosionsBoston, MA January 15, 1919 ‘Molasses Flood’ Tank ExplosionFireman that Made the Supreme SacrificeLong Island City, NY September 14-15, 1919 Oil Tank BlazeFiremen that Made the Supreme SacrificeUnknownNew York, NY July 18, 1922 Chemical ExplosionFireman Made the Ultimate SacrificePekin, IL January 3, 1924 Corn Products Refining Corn Starch Plant ExplosionMilwaukee, WI April 22, 1926 Sawdust ExplosionFiremen that Made the Supreme SacrificeDover, NJ July 10, 1926 Picatinny Arsenal Munitions ExplosionChicago, IL March 11, 1927 Chemical Plant ExplosionFiremen who Made the Supreme SacrificeSeriously Injured FirefighterSan Diego, CA August 8, 1927 Acetylene Factory ExplosionHeidelberg, PA December 25, 1928 Refinery Fire and ExplosionsFiremen who Made the Supreme SacrificeLakehurst, NJ May 3, 1937 Hindenburg Disaster Hydrogen Explosion & FireAtlantic City, NJ July 16, 1937 Gasoline ExplosionHastings, NE September 15, 1944 Explosion Naval Ammunition DepotThere were Occasional ExplosionsAir Force PresenceCleveland, OH October 20, 1944 LNG Leak, Explosion, FireWestport, CT May 3, 1946 Truck ExplosionFiremen who Made the Supreme SacrificeAtlanta, GA December 30, 1946 Drug FireTexas City, TX April 16, 1947 Ammonium Nitrate Ship ExplosionsThe Day Texas City Lost their Fire DepartmentTexas City Firefighters who Made the Supreme Sacrifice on April 16, 1947PrivatesMinot, ND July 22, 1947 Oil Storage Tank ExplosionReno, NV August 16, 1948 Massive Dynamite ExplosionFiremen who Made the Supreme SacrificePerth Amboy, NJ June 24, 1949 Asphalt Plant ExplosionFiremen who Made the Supreme SacrificePhiladelphia, PA October 10, 1954 Chemical Plant ExplosionFirefighters that Made the Supreme SacrificeInjuredDumas, TX Oil July 29, 1956 Shamrock Oil & Gas Corporation Tank Farm ExplosionFiremen who Made the Supreme SacrificeBrownfield , TX December 23, 1958 Butane Truck ExplosionFiremen who Made the Supreme SacrificeSchuylkill Haven, PA June 2, 1959 Propane Truck ExplosionSgt. Clouser Gave this Official Version of the TragedyFireman that Made the Supreme SacrificeMeldrim, GA June 28, 1959 Railroad Trestle DisasterFirst Train Derailment Releasing Hazardous Materials Kills 23First Victims to be Killed by a Hazardous Materials Release from a Train Derailment (ICC)Roseburg, OR August 8, 1959 Explosives Truck ExplosionFiremen and Police Officer who Made the Supreme SacrificeKansas City, KS August 18, 1959 Southwest Boulevard FireDedication of MemorialFiremen who Made the Supreme SacrificePumper 19Pumper 25Auburn, NY March 31, 1960 Service Station ExplosionFiremen who Made the Supreme SacrificeKingsport, TN October 5, 1960 Eastman Chemical Plant ExplosionPhiladelphia, PA April 17, 1961 Gasoline Station ExplosionFiremen who Made the Supreme SacrificeHouston, TX February 3, 1962 Gasoline Trucks CollideBrandtsville, PA April 29, 1963 LPG Cars Explode at Wreck SiteCleveland, OH August 13, 1963 Avis Rent a Truck Propane Truck ExplosionFiremen that Made the Supreme SacrificeHammond, in December 23, 1963 Indiana Storage Company Warehouse ExplosionFireman who Made the Supreme SacrificeAnchorage, AK March 27, 1964 Great Alaskan Good Friday EarthquakeMarshalls Creek, PA June 26, 1964 Explosives Fire and Explosionth Anniversary MemorialFirefighters that Made the Supreme SacrificeHouston, TX August 10, 1965 Chemical Plant ExplosionChicago, IL Feb 7, 1968 Gasoline Tanker Explosion & FireFiremen who Made the Supreme SacrificeRichmond, in April 6, 1968 Natural Gas and Explosives Fire and ExplosionRichmond Indiana’s “Most Tragic Day and Finest Hour“The ExplosionFinding Jack BalesDavenport, NE June 10, 1968 Propane Tank FireCrete, NE February 19, 1969 Derailment and Anhydrous Ammonia ReleaseShelter in Place Effectiveness SubstantiatedCasualtiesHatchetts 725 W. 13th StreetErdmans Between 1005 and 1045 W. 13th StreetHoesche 1005 W. 13th StreetSvarc 813 W. 13th StreetKovar 907 W. 13th StreetSvarc 915 Redwood StreetCrete Fire Department RespondsCarpentersville, IL December 10, 1969 Chemical Plant Explosion & FireCrescent City, IL June 21, 1970 Derailment and LPG Rail Car BLEVEWoodbine, GA February 3, 1971 Thiokol Factory Solid Rocket Fuel ExplosionWaco, GA June 1971 Car-Truck Collision Sparks Dynamite ExplosionFirefighter who Made the Supreme SacrificeHouston, TX October 19, 1971 Mykawa Road Rail Car BLEVE & FireFirefighter who Made the Supreme SacrificeKingman, AZ July 5, 1973 Propane Rail Car BLEVEDoxol Gas Distribution PlantKingman, Arizona Remembers 35 Years LaterRemembering those who Lost their LivesEleven Kingman Firefighters who Made the Supreme SacrificeDonald G. WebbArthur A. StringerFrank (Butch) HenryChristopher G. SandersAlan H. HansenJohn O. CampbellJoseph M. ChambersM.B. (Jimmy) CoxWilliam L. CassonRoger A. HubkaRichard Lee WilliamsHouston, TX September 21, 1974 Englewood Rail Yard Collision Fire and ExplosionPhiladelphia, PA August 17, 1975 Gulf Oil Refinery FireFirefighters who Gave the Supreme SacrificePhiladelphia Pays Tribute to Gulf Oil Refinery Fire FallenNiagara Falls, NY December 15, 1975 Hooker Chemical Chlorine Tank ExplosionHouston, TX May 11, 1976 Anhydrous Ammonia Tanker AccidentWorst Accident in Houston HistoryWestwego, LA December 22, 1977 Grain Elevator ExplosionGalveston, TX December 29, 1977 Grain Elevator ExplosionWaverly, TN February 24, 1978 Derailment and LPG ExplosionThose Emergency Responders who Made the Supreme SacrificeYoungstown, FL February 27, 1978 Train Derailment with Chlorine Gas CloudBrownson, NE April 2, 1978 Train Derailment Phosphorus Fire & ExplosionGettysburg, PA March 22, 1979 Phosphorous Truck Fire & ExplosionCollinsville, IL August 7, 1978 Propane Tank Car ExplosionThe “Mother of All Hazmat Evacuation“Mississauga, Ontario, Canada November 10, 1979 Derailment Fires ExplosionsSaturday November 10, 1979Sunday, November 11, 1979Monday, November 12, 1979Tuesday, November 13, 1979Wednesday, November 14, 1979Thursday, November 15, 1979Friday, November 16, 1979Somerville, MA April 3, 1980 Phosphorus Trichloride ReleaseCorpus Christi, TX April 7, 1981 Grain Elevator BlastMeet Kevin SaundersBellwood, NE April 7, 1981 Grain Elevator ExplosionThermal, CA January 7, 1982 Derailment Radiation ContainerLivingston, LA September 28, 1982 Train Derailment, Fire and Vinyl Chloride ReleaseDenver, CO April 4, 1983 Railcar Leak Nitric AcidExecutive SummaryProbable CauseHouston, TX December 11, 1983 Borden’s Anhydrous Ammonia ExplosionBy Bob ParryBuffalo, NY December 27, 1983 Propane Gas ExplosionFirefighters that Made the Supreme SacrificeFirefighters Truck 5Shreveport LA September 17, 1984 Anhydrous Ammonia Fire IncidentFirefighter that Made the Supreme SacrificeNorfolk, VA September 4, 1984 Gas Tank Truck FireBhopal, India December 2-3, 1984 Release of Methyl IsocyanateBackgroundThe IncidentLessons LearnedSince 1984Miamisburg, OH July 8, 1986 Derailment Phosphorus FireOrd, NE July 15, 1987 Anhydrous Ammonia LeakHenderson, NV May 4, 1988 PEPCON ExplosionsKansas City, MO November 29, 1988 Ammonium Nitrate ExplosionChronology of The ExplosionFirefighters that Made the Supreme SacrificeLessons LearnedHouston, TX October 23, 1989 Phillips 66 Houston Chemical Complex Explosion & FireInitial ResponseFirefightingSearch and RescuePhiladelphia, PA February 23, 1991 One Meridian Plaza High-Rise FireFirefighters who Made the Ultimate Supreme SacrificeNew York City, NY February 26, 1993 World Trade Center BombingFirefighters that Made the Supreme SacrificeOrrtanna, PA December 6, 1993 Ammonia Leak Knouse FoodsPlant Workers/Firefighters who Lost their Lives in the IncidentPort Neal, IA December 13, 1994 Ammonium Nitrate ExplosionOklahoma City, OK April 19, 1995 Terrorist BombingResponse to the BombingOklahoma City Bombing National MemorialInvestigationOklahoma City BombingDelaware County, PA August 6, 1995 Ammonia LeakWeyauwega, Wisconsin March 4, 1996 Train Derailment and FireBurnside, Illinois October 2, 1997 LPG Tank ExplosionFirefighters that Made the Supreme SacrificeAlbert City, Iowa April 9, 1998 Propane ExplosionKey FindingsFirefighters that Made the Supreme SacrificeSpringer, OK September 1998 Liquid Nitrogen AsphyxiationsBaltimore, MD July 18, 2001 Howard Street Tunnel FireMinot, ND January 18, 2002 Train Derailment & Anhydrous Ammonia ReleaseMacdona, TX June 28, 2004 Train Derailment Chlorine LeakGraniteville, SC March 24, 2005 Chlorine DisasterA Tale of Two HurricanesNew Orleans, LA August 29, 2005 Hurricane KatrinaHouston, TX August 24, 2017 Hurricane HarveyCrosby, TX August 29, 2017 Chemical Plant Explosion & Fire During Hurricane HarveySt. Louis, MO June 24, 2005 Flammable Gas Cylinder Fire & ExplosionShepherdsville, KY January 16, 2007 Crude Oil Train Derailment & FireExecutive SummaryProbable CauseGhent, WV January 30, 2007 Propane Explosion and FireEmergency Responders who Made the Supreme SacrificeOneida, NY Monday, March 12, 2007 Tank Car ExplodesDallas, TX July 25, 2007 Bottled Gas Plant Fire and ExplosionsJacksonville, FL December 19, 2007 Chemical Plant ExplosionCherry Hill, IL June 19, 2009 Ethanol Train Derailment and FireProbable CauseNorfolk, NE December 10, 2009 Propane Storage Tank Fire Protient Propane FireTiskilwa, IL October 7, 2011 Train Derailment Ethanol FireWest, Texas April 17, 2013 Ammonium Nitrate ExplosionJournal of Hazardous MaterialsWest MemorialEmergency Responders that Made the Supreme SacrificeCitizen Fatalities not FirefightersChemical Safety Board (CSB) InvestigationWest Volunteer Fire Department (WVFD)Abbott, Bruceville-Eddy, Mertens, and Navarro Mills Volunteer Fire DepartmentsAmmonium Nitrate HazardsKey Contributing Factors to Emergency Responders’ FatalityLack of Incident Command SystemLack of Established Incident Management SystemFirefighter TrainingLessons LearnedKey FindingsLac-Megantic, Quebec, CA July 6, 2013 Train Derailment Crude Oil FireCasselton, ND December 30, 2013 Crude Oil Train Derailment & FireLynchburg, VA April 30, 2014 Crude Oil Train Derailment & FireHeimdal, ND May 6, 2015 Crude Oil Train Derailment & FireHouston, TX July 16, 2017 Propane Tanker CrashRIMS IncidentCambria, WI May 31, 2017 Didion Mill ExplosionHyndman, PA August 2, 2017 Train Derailment & FireOklahoma City, OK August 16, 2018 Oil Well Blow OutTilford, SD September 8, 2018 Propane Tank ExplosionDeer Park, TX March 17, 2019 Petrochemical Storage Tank FiresSeptember 16, 2019 Farmington, ME Propane ExplosionFirefighter that Made the Supreme SacrificeFirefighters InjuredCSB Releases Call to Action on Combustible Dust HazardsTo Date, the CSB has Issued Four RecommendationsPerceptions About Dust VaryFactors Inufluencing Dust Hazard PerceptionsDust Incidents 2006–2017U.S. Chemical Safety Board (CSB)BibliographyIndex
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