Index

A

abstraction hierarchy, see modeling/models adaptation, 80-83, 104, 162

Advanced Knowledge And Design Acquisition Methodology (AKADAM), 8, 82

Aeronautical Systems Division (ASD), 32 affordances, 15,53-54,68-69, 134-142 and effectivities, 15

aggregation, 93-97, 169

Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), 19-21 automation, 59-60

autonomous systems, 10, 31, 60,63, 210 ethical considerations, 52, 58 beliefs about agents, 51. 116

B

Boston marathon bombing, 6,52 Bransford. John, 8, 20,42

C

cognition I team cognition, 1, 5-12 decision making, 6-11, 32-37,49-50. 75, 96-98, 125-127, 142, 188,211, see also group decision making distributed. 3, 5-12,51-53,78, 105-106, 115-118. 122-124. 163

embodied, 7, 134

foundations of, 4 metacognition. 4, 195-196 problem solving, 8, 11, 20, 29,34,42-44, 50, 186

problem based learning, 8,42.75 Jasper problem set, 42-44, 62

wicked problems and constraints, 19,43,105 situated cognition / situated learning, 7-8, 20, 29,53-54

cognitive processing, 3, 6, 29,99. 104, 115-118, 186,211

attentional focus, 22, 34,57, 82, 122. 189,213 groups as information processors, 102 learning, 4-5, see also cognition / team

cognition, problem based learning memory. 3, 10. 34,42-44,55. 100, 116-120, see also theories, transactive

memory

pattern recognition, 188. 196 planning, 36-38,43-44, 66. 198 reasoning, 34. 187-189 reflection, 4

representations, 102, 185 semantic / language, 144-153 cognitive systems engineering. 10

collaboration, 32, 51,79, 168

collaborative action. 134

common ground. 3-4. 55, 210, 212 knowledge I information sharing, 9, 12, 37,52-53, 72,98-101, 168, 192

cooperative learning, 20.43

collective induction, 10.42

working together, 14, 30, 176, 191

collective frames of mind. 9

command posts, 14, 19,34

communication / team communication, 42, 52, 60,78, 82

asynchronous versus synchronous, 51. 134 chatrooms. 81

collocated or remotely distributed, 68.217

Facebook.31,51

semantic coding, 69

Youtube, 31

complexity I complex systems, 19, 28,59, 75, 187, 190

artificial intelligence / agents, 3. 10, 18, 27,76 control dynamics, 15

cyber-security, 10-11,50, 70, 83.95, 199 ecological approach to cognition, 20, 54, 136, see also affordances

flexibility. 35, 68, 198

internet, 10, 50-52,64

apps. 6. 50.64

joint action, 15. 53, 63

computation, 6,9-10

swarms, 116. 125-127

ubiquitous, 10

context / environment factors . 11-12,29-30, 50-51

contextual perturbations / variation, 14, 53-55

coordination, 38-39, 56, 81, 102, 116, 161, 197 cultural differences, 10, 36, 55, 142. 192, 210-213

D

data / data science, 10-12, 73-76,92 crowd sourcing, 52.63

Dayton-Kettering, Ohio, 13-18

design / designing, 3-5, 12-13, 18,29, 82

human centered approach, 12,60

Dewey. John, 8

distributed team cognition, 2-6, 123

dynamical systems, 123-124

E

experience / experts, 3, 29, 54,69. 137, 186 fields of practice, 50,66, 192

fieldwork, 9

ethnography, 55,78

G

group decision making, 34, 97-98, 143 biases, 36, 54, 140, 192

naturalistic decision making, 10, 36, 195 risk, 12,56,72

groups, 3,64,73,91, 97-99, 213-214

H

Hanes, Lewis. 17

human-computer interaction, 17-20. 82, 135 F-16 cockpit design, 18,65 group interfaces, 50,52,77,81-82, 199 usability, 143-144

human factors engineering, 6, 19-20, 32-33 equipment design, 33, 36 large screen displays, 15 users, 76, 81, 147

workload, 33, 39, 59-60, 199

human performance, 33 individual differences, 4, 19, 54, 135, 17, 185, 210

information / information sciences, 7-10

information availability, 19, 61

information flow / information flow fields, 4,

52, 101

information fusion, 9, 59

information overload, 60

information sharing, 10,37, 51-52,68,72.98-99,

168, 192

K

Kettering. Charles, 13-14

knowledge, 2-4, 30,44,54,74,92, 120, 144, 161,

186,211

knowledge as design, 4

knowledge elicitation, 77-79

knowledge sharing, 160, 214

knowledge transfer, 10 measures, 28, 34,42, 69-71, 169, 193-195,218 methods/methodologies, 1, 12,54,62,75, 122, see also knowledge, knowledge elicitation

autobiographical, 12 experiments, 16,41-42,52-53, 116, 198 interviews, 18,73,79, 196

modeling/models, 9-10, 28, 34, 116, see also abstraction hierarchy

multiple perspectives, 4-5, 8-9, 50,210

O

organizational issues, 7, 56, 101, 211

P

Patterson, John, 16

philosophy and worldviews, 2-8, 53, 115-116, 122

constructivism, 29-30,62,75

photographic imagery, 11, 51.65, 69 psychology, 5, 10

aviation psychology, 33

ecological psychology, 7, 29, 54, 136-137, 198

engineering psychology, 33

experimental psychology, 33-35

the cognitive revolution, 33-36 industrial-organization psychology, 8 sensory / perceptual psychology, 33,52 social psychology, 8, 100

R

robotics, 10-11.61,63-64,76,210

S

shared mental models, 54-55, 102, 106, 134, 162, 19,195-196,210, see also team mental models

simulation, 9, 15, 22, 28-34, 125, 168-169 cockpit simulator, 18, 52 ecological validity, 29, 67, 81 events, 22,40-41, 57-58, 81,96 fidelity, 33, 60,64-65, 80 human in the loop, 9 scaled worlds, 58-59,75-77, 80-81

immersive qualities, 52

scenario development, 80

synthetic task environments, 34, 38, 64-65 CITIES, 40-42 TRAP, 37-40,62

viability, 37

situation awareness, 8-12, 22, 37, 70, 81, 211-21 cyber situation awareness, 10 SAG AT, 70-71

team situation awareness, 9, 22,37-38, 52,213

sociotechnical systems, 3, 8, 19,28, 199 social informatics, 10

stress and emotions, 9, 14, 37, 51,56-58, 83, 164, 192,210,217

conflict, 35, 54,76, 210-212

time pressure, 74, 196

tasks, 22, 31, 34-36,60,72-73,91-93,97, 100-102, 161, 191

coordinated across functions / roles / team members, 14,41, 65, 106, 168

demands. 15,35, 58

team mental models / team schema, 9,26. 66,71, 81,78, 102-103, 160-161, 195,212 team of teams, 11-12, 30,53-56

team performance, 14, 16-20,29,33-40,77,91-92, 105, 116,161, 166-170, 19,217

monitoring and feedback, 15,41, 61,75. 83, 124-125

reliability / validity. 34-35, 80

team training, 34, 103

cross training, 103, 178 teamwork, 1, 7, 14-15, 30-35, 50-53, 159,

162-163, 191,211

bee colonies, 124

computer-supported cooperative work, 8, 10.51

dynamics, 19,212

failure, 30-3, 59,63, 74, 211

intentionality I goals, 53, 63 interdependencies, 10, 38-39,54,63, 102, 168 norms, 12, 210-211

reflexivity, 83, 168

roles, 11,32,43, 55,60,66, 102, 192

strategies, 69, 97

team composition and retention, 55,212-213, 219

temporal work, 9, 39, 51-52, 103, 134, 161-164,215

trust, 142-143, 160, 192

technologies, 2, 6,20-21, 31-32

collaborative, 20-21, 35-38,51, 62 decision aids / decision support systems, 35-36,51,77

distributed. 10,63

expert systems, 40.62

facial recognition. 6. 52

geo-spatial / geographical information systems, 77, 199

information / communication technologies, 6, 11, 19, 58, 127

internet of things, 10

remote vehicles / drones, 59

sensors, 52,60

virtual environments, 52-53, 82

theories

activity theory, 29

collective induction, 10,42-44

distributed cognition, 3-8, 31. 51-52, 106, 116. 160

ecological (perception-action), 54, 135-136, 141-142

group circumplex, 35,44,64

living laboratory framework, 8,76, 198 macrocognition. 32, 104

naturalistic decision making, 10, 36,55, 195

SHOR framework. 34

situation awareness, see situation awareness

transactive memory, 68, 103-104, 161, 199

U

user experience, 17,51,76, 134, 143

W

Wright brothers, 13, 16

Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. Ohio. 14, 16, 18, 30-36,63

Aeronautical Systems Division, 32

Crew Station Design Facility, 18 KC-10 Systems Program Office, 18 Systems Engineering Avionics Facility

(SEÀFAC), 17-18

Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory -Human Engineering Division, 32-34

C’ Operator Performance Engineering (COPE) Program, 35-40

Air Force Research Laboratory, 42

Collaborative Design Technologies Laboratory, 20, 45

Collaborative Systems Laboratory, 21

Crew Systems Branch, 34

 
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