Density Separation

Density separation was performed by NaCl [72,92,98] or by centrifuge [101]. Following settlement of denser materials, the supernatant is filtered, and the resulting material examined under microscope. Density separation can be useful in studies following digestion. Saturated salt solutions, such as NaCl (aq) allow the separation of less dense particles where there are large amounts of inorganic matter (e.g., sand, chitin, bone) that have not been dissolved [1]. Density separation has been recommended by the MSFD (EU) for Europe. NaCl is recommended because it is inexpensive and nonhazardous; however, the use of NaCl could lead to an underestimation of more-dense particles (>1.2 g/cm3). Nal and ZnCl, solutions have been considered as viable alternatives to NaCl (aq) [105]. Their high density makes them capable of floating high-density plastics including PVC.

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CHAPTER 8

 
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