Carbon Membrane Technology:Fundamentals and Applications


Fundamentals of Carbon MembranesCarbon Membrane PreparationIntroductionPrecursor Selection and PreparationCarbon Membrane PreparationCarbon Membrane RegenerationCarbon Membrane UpscalingConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferencesCarbon Membrane Performance: State-of-the-ArtIntroductionUnsupported Flat-Sheet Carbon MembranesSupported Flat-Sheet and Tubular Carbon MembranesSupport ModificationUltrathin Supported CMS MembranesCarbon Hollow Fiber MembranesSymmetric CHFMsAsymmetric CHFMsConclusionAcknowledgmentsCarbon Membrane CharacterizationIntroductionChemical Structural Evolution during CarbonizationMorphology of Carbon MembranesMicrostructure of Carbon MembranesGas Separation MeasurementConclusionsAcknowledgmentsList of AcronymsNomenclatureCarbon Membrane Transport MechanismsIntroductionGeneral Gas Transport ModelTransport through Carbon MembranesKnudsen DiffusionSelective Surface FlowMolecular SievingProcess Parameter InfluencesEffect of PressureEffect of TemperatureSummaryNomenclatureReferencesCarbon Membrane ApplicationsCarbon Membranes for Biogas UpgradingBackgroundCarbon Hollow Fiber ProductionCarbon Membranes for Biogas UpgradingBiogas Upgrading Pre-StudyBiomethane UtilizationCase Study/Operation of a Biogas Upgrading Pilot Plant Based on Carbon MembranesProcess DescriptionMembrane Modules DescriptionPilot OperationChallenges and SuggestionsConclusionReferencesCarbon Membranes for Natural Gas SweeteningIntroductionNatural GasMembranes for Natural Gas SweeteningPolymeric Membranes and Ionic Liquids for Natural Gas SweeteningInorganic and Polymeric Membranes: A Comparative ApproachFrom Polymeric Material to Carbon MembranesCarbon Membranes for Natural Gas SweeteningNatural Gas Sweetening Process Simulation and OptimizationProcess Design of Natural Gas Sweetening PlantsNatural Gas Sweetening Process: A Financial ApproachConclusionsAcknowledgmentsList of AcronymsList of SymbolsCarbon Membranes for H 2 PurificationIntroductionPrecursor Polymer SelectionCellulose DerivativesPolyimidesPolyetherimidesPhenolic Resins and Analogous CompoundsPolyfurfuryl AlcoholPolyphenylene OxideApplications of Carbon Membranes in Hydrogen SeparationSummaryIntroductionGeneral Fabrication of CMsPrecursor SelectionMembrane FormationPyrolysis ConditionsChemical Vapor DepositionIon IrradiationCMs for Microfiltration, Ultrafiltration and NanofiltrationCompression TechnologyChemical Vapor DepositionMembrane Coating and PyrolysisSpin-CoatingCast-CoatingDip-CoatingSol–Gel MethodModification of CMsSurface ModificationPore ModificationTemplate MethodAntifouling AbilityApplication ProspectsMembrane FiltrationProcess IntegrationMembrane BioreactorEnergy ProductionConclusions and RemarksCarbon Membranes for Other ApplicationsIntroductionCarbon Membranes for CO 2 Capture from Flue GasCarbon Membranes for Olefin/Paraffin SeparationCarbon Membranes for Artificial PhotosynthesisCarbon Membranes for Organic Solvent SeparationFuture PerspectivesIndex
 
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