Concluding Remarks

The ability to reduce oxidation of sulphide-bearing waste materials after mine closure or in existing mines is a widely researched area. Unfortunately, the concept of AMD prevention is a difficult one because it is dependent on several interrelated parameters. However, despite existing difficulties, a number of AMD prevention technologies are in operation globally. Actually, these techniques have shown great promise in delaying and/or the prevention of AMD formation by limiting oxygen availability, microbial activities or reactions between acid-producing minerals and oxygenated water. Unfortunately, the major disadvantage of the preventive technologies is their ineffectiveness in the long term. Moreover, most of these techniques have failed to protect the environment against long and persistent AMD pollution.

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