The ability to reduce oxidation of sulphide-bearing waste materials after mine closure or in existing mines is a widely researched area. Unfortunately, the concept of AMD prevention is a difficult one because it is dependent on several interrelated parameters. However, despite existing difficulties, a number of AMD prevention technologies are in operation globally. Actually, these techniques have shown great promise in delaying and/or the prevention of AMD formation by limiting oxygen availability, microbial activities or reactions between acid-producing minerals and oxygenated water. Unfortunately, the major disadvantage of the preventive technologies is their ineffectiveness in the long term. Moreover, most of these techniques have failed to protect the environment against long and persistent AMD pollution.
Acai, P., Sorrenti, E., Gorner, T., Polakovic, M., Kongolo, M. and de Donato, P. (2009). Pyrite passivation by humic acid investigated by inverse liquid chromatography. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 337: 39-46.
Akcil, A. and Koldas, S. (2006). Acid mine drainage (AMD): causes, treatment and case studies. Journal of Cleaner Production 14: 1139-1145.
Alakangas, L., Andersson, E. and Mueller, S. (2013). Neutralization/prevention of acid rock drainage using mixtures of alkaline by-products and sulfidic mine wastes. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 20: 7907-7916.
Argunhan-Atalay, C. and Yazicigil, H. (2018). Modeling and performance assessment of alternative cover systems on a waste rock storage area. Mine Water and the Environment 37:106-118.
Aube, B.C., St-Arnaud, L.C., Payant, S.C. and Yanful, E.K. (1995). Laboratory evaluation of the effectiveness of water covers for preventing acid generation from pyritic rock. In: Proceedings of Sudbury 1995: Mining and the Environment, May 1995, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, Vol. 2, pp. 495-504.
Bacelar-Nicolau, P and Johnson, D.B (1999). Leaching of pyrite by acidophilic het- erotrophic ironoxidizing bacteria in pure and mixed cultures. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 65(2): 585-590.
Backes, C.A., Pulford, I.D. and Duncan, H.J. (1987). Studies on the oxidation of pyrite in colliery spoil. II. Inhibition of the oxidation by amendment treatments. Reclamation and Revegetation Research 6: 1-11.
Baker-Austin, C. and Dopson, M. (2007). Life in acid: pH homeostasis in acidophiles. Trends in Microbiology 15(4): 165-171.
Barton-Bridges, J.P and Robertson, A.M. (1989). Design and reclamation of mine waste facilities to control acid mine drainage. Available at https://www.asmr. us/Portals/0/Documents/Conference-Proceedings/1989/0717-Barton-Bridges. pdf [Accessed 22 April 2020].
Bejan, D. and Bunce, N. (2015). Acid mine drainage: electrochemical approaches to prevention and remediation of acidity and toxic metals. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 45: 1239-1254.
Bellaloui, A., Chtaini, A., Ballivy, G. and Narasiah, S. (1999). Laboratory investigation of the control of acid mine drainage using alkaline paper mill waste. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 111: 57-73.
Benzaazoua, M., Bussiere, B., Kongolo, M., McLaughlin, J. and Marion, P. (2000). Environmental desulphurization of four Canadian mine tailings using froth flotation. International Journal of Mineral Processing 60: 57-74.
Benzaazoua, M. and Kongolo, M. (2003). Physico-chemical properties of tailing slurries during environmental desulphurization by froth flotation. International Journal of Mineral Processing 69: 221-234.
Bessho, M., Wajima, T., Ida, T. and Nishiyama, T. (2011). Experimental study on prevention of acid mine drainage by silica coating of pyrite waste rocks with amorphous silica solution. Environmental Earth Sciences 64: 311-318.
Blowes, D.W., Reardon E.J., Jambor, J.L. and Cherry, A. (1991). The formation and potential importance of cemented layers in inactive sulphide mine railings. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 55: 965-978.
Bois, D., Poirier, P, Benzaazoua, M. and Bussiere, B. (2004). A feasibility study on the use of desulphurized tailings to control acid mine drainage. Available at https://www.onemine.org/document/document. cfm?docid=232136&docor gid=15 [Accessed 30 April 2020].
Brown, T. (1996). Acid mine drainage prevention, control and treatment technology development for the Stockett/Sand Coulee area. Available at https://inis.iaea. org/collection/NCLCollectionStore/_Public/30/022/30022678.pdf [Accessed 17 April 2020].
Bussiere, B., Benzaazoua, M., Aubertic, M. and Mbonimpa, M. (2004). A laboratory study of covers made of low-sulfide tailings to prevent acid mine drainage. Environmental Geology 45: 609-622.
Caruccio, FT. and Geidel, G. (1983). The effect of plastic liner on acid loads/DLM Site, W.V. Available at https://wvmdtaskforce.files.wordpress.com/2015/12/83- caruccio2.pdf [Accessed 25 April 2020].
Crundwell, F.K. (1988). The influence of the electronic structure of solids on the anodic dissolution and leaching of semiconducting sulphide minerals. Hydrometallurgy 21(2): 155-190.
Daniel, D.E. and Wu, Y.K. (1993). Compacted clay liners and covers for arid sites. The Journal of Geotechnical Engineering 119(2): 223-237.
Demers, I., Bussiere, B., Benzaazoua, M., Mbonimpa, M. and Blier, A. (2008). Column test investigation on the performance of monolayer covers made of desulphurized tailings to prevent acid mine drainage. Minerals Engineering 21:317-329.
Demers, I., Mbonimpa, M., Benzaazoua, M., Bouda, M., Awoh, S., Lortie, S. and Gagnon, M. (2017). Use of acid mine drainage treatment sludge by combination with a natural soil as an oxygen barrier cover for mine waste reclamation: laboratory column tests and intermediate scale field tests. Minerals Engineering 107: 43-52.
Doye, I. and Duchesne, J. (2003). Neutralisation of acid mine drainage with alkaline industrial residues: laboratory investigation using batch-leaching tests. Applied Geochemistryl8:1197-1213.
Elsetinow, A.R., Borda, M.J., Schoonen, M.A.A. and Strongin, D.R. (2003). Suppression of pyrite oxidation in acidic aqueous environments using lipids having two hydrophobic tails. Advances in Environmental Research 7: 969-974.
Evangelou, V.R (1995). Pyrite Oxidation and Its Control. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Evangelou, V.P. (1996). Oxidation proof silicate surface coating on iron sulfides. U.S. Patent No. 5,494, 703.
Evangelou, V.P. (2001). Pyrite microencapsulation technologies: principles and potential field application. Ecological Engineering 17:165-178.
Fraser, W. and Robertson, J. (1994). Subaqueous disposal of reactive mine waste: an overview and update of case studies-MEND/Canada. Available at https:// www.asmr.us/Portals/0/Documents/Conference-Proceedings/1994-Volume- 1/0250-Fraser.pdf [Accessed 26 April 2020].
Fyfe, J. and Martin, J. (2011). Innovative closure concepts for Xstrata nickel onaping operations. Available at http://bc-mlard.ca/files/presentations/2007-16-FYFE- MARTIN-innovative-closure-concepts-xstrata.pdf [Accessed 1 May 2020].
Hakkou, R., Benzaazoua, M. and Bussiere, B. (2009). Laboratory evaluation of the use of alkaline phosphate wastes for the control of acidic mine drainage. Mine Water and the Environment 28: 206-218.
Hallberg, R.O., Granhagen. J.R. and Liljemark. A. (2005). A fly ash/biosludge dry cover for the mitigation of AMD at the Falun mine. Chemie der Erde 65: 43-63.
Hao, J., Cleveland, C., Lim, E., Strongin, D.R. and Schoonen, M.A.A. (2006). The effect of adsorbed lipid on pyrite oxidation under biotic conditions. Geochemical Transactions 7(8): 1-9.
Hao, J., Murphy, R., Lim, E., Schoonen, M.A.A. and Strongin, D.R. (2009). Effects of phospholipid on pyrite oxidation in the presence of autotrophic and heterotro- phic bacteria. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73: 4111-4123.
Harries, J. R. and Ritchie, A.I.M. (1985). Pore gas composition in waste-rock dumps undergoing pyrite oxidation. Soil Science 140:143-152.
Hodges, G., Roberts, D.W., Marshall, S.J. and Dearden, J.C. (2006). The aquatic toxicity of anionic surfactants to Dophnia magna: a comparative QSAR study of linear alkylbenzene sulphonates and ester sulphonates. Chemosphere 63:1443-1450.
Huminicki, D.M.C. and Rimstidt, J.D. (2009). Iron oxyhydroxide coating of pyrite for acid mine drainage control. Applied Geochemistry 24:1626-1634.
INAP. (2014). Global acid rock drainage (CARD) guide. Available at http://www. gardguide.com/images/5/5f/TheGlobalAcidRockDrainageGuide.pdf [Accessed 28 April 2020].
Ingledew, W.J. (1982). Thiobacillus ferrooxidans the bioenergetics of an acidophilic chemolithotroph. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 683: 89-117.
Ji, M., Gee, E., Yun, H., Lee, W., Park, Y., Khan, M.A. and Choi, J. (2012). Inhibition of sulfide mineral oxidation by surface coating agents: batch and field studies. Journal of Hazardous Materials 229/230: 298-306.
Jiang, C.L., Wang, X.H. and Parekh, B.K. (2000). Effect of sodium oleate on inhibiting pyrite oxidation. International Journal of Mineral Processing 58: 305-318.
Johnson, D.B. and Hallberg, K.B. (2005). Acid mine drainage remediation options: a review. Science of the Total Environment 338: 3-14.
Kastyuchik, A., Karam, A. and Aider, M. (2016). Effectiveness of alkaline amendments in acid mine drainage remediation. Environmental Technology and Innovation 6: 49-59.
Kefeni, K.K., Msagati, T.A.M. and Mamba, B.B. (2017). Acid mine drainage: prevention, treatment options, and resource recovery: a review. Journal of Cleaner Production 151: 475-493.
Kelley, В. C. and Tuovinen, О. H. (1988). Microbiological oxidations of minerals in mine tailings. In: Salomons, W. and Forstner, U. (Editors), Chemistry and Biology of Solid Waste: Dredged Material and Mine Tailings. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, FRG, pp. 33-53.
Khummalai, N. and Boonamnuayvitaya, V. (2005). Suppression of arsenopyrite surface oxidation by solgel coatings. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering 99: 277-284.
Kleinmann, R. (1982). Method of control of acid drainage from exposed pyritic materials. U.S. Patent No. 4,314,966.
Kleinmann, R.L.P. (1990). At-source of acid mine drainage. Mine Water and the Environment 9: 85-96.
Kleinmann, R.L.P. (1998). Bactericidal control of acidic drainage. In: Brady, K.C., Smith, M.W. and Schueck, J. (Editors), Coal Mine Drainage Prediction and Pollution Prevention in Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), Harrisburg, PA, Chapter 15, pp. 15-1-15-6.
Kleinmann, R.L.P. and Crerar, D.A. (1979). Thiobacillus ferrooxidans and the formation of acidity in simulated coal mine environments. Geomicrobiology 1: 373-388
Kleinmann R.L.P. and Erickson, P.M. (1981). Field evaluation of a bactericidal treatment to control acid drainage. In: Graves, D.H. (Editor), Proceedings of the Symposium on Surface Mining Hydrology, Sedimentology and Reclamation. University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, pp. 325-329.
Kleinmann, R.L.P. and Erickson, P.M. (1983). Control of Acid Mine Drainage from Coal Refuse Using Anionic Surfactants. U.S. Bureau of Mines, Washington, DC, p. 8847.
Koch, D.F.A. (1975). Electrochemistry of sulphide minerals. In: Bockris, J.O.M. and Conway, B.E. (Editors), Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry, No. 10. Plenum Press, New York, pp. 211-237.
Kuyucak, N. (2002). Acid mine drainage prevention and control options. Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Bulletin 95 (1060): 96-102.
Lalvani, S.B., DeNeve, B. A. and Weston, A. (1990). Passivation of pyrite due to surface treatment. Fuel 69:1567-1569.
Langworthy, T.A. (1978). Microbial life in extreme pH values. In: Kuschner, D.J (Editor), Microbial Life in Extreme Environments. Academic, New York, pp. 279-315.
Leppinen, J., Salonsaari, P. and Palosaari, V. (1997). Flotation in acid mine drainage control: beneficiation of concentrate. Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly 36: 225-230.
Li, Y., Li, W., Xiao, Q., Song, S., Liu, Y. and Naidu, R. (2018). Acid mine drainage remediation strategies: a review on migration and source controls. Minerals and Metallurgical Processing 35(3): 148-158.
Lin, Z. (1997). Mobilization and retention of heavy metals in mill-tailings from Garpenberg sulfide mines, Sweden. Science of the Total Environment 198: 13-31.
Lin, M., Seed, L., Yetman, D., Fyfe, J., Chesworth, W. and Shelp, G. (2001). Electrochemical cover technology to prevent the formation of acid mine drainage. Available at https://open.library.ubc.ca/cIRcle/collections/59367/items/ 1.0042382.. [Accessed 1 May 2020].
Liwarska, B.E., Miksch, K., Malachowska, J. A. and Kalka, J. (2005). Acute toxicity and genotoxicity of five selected anionic and nonionic surfactants. Chemosphere 58: 1249-1253.
Lottermoser, B.G. (2003). Mine Wastes: Characterization, Treatment and Environmental Impacts. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, Germany.
Morris, P.H., Graham, J. and Williams, D.J. (1992). Cracking in drying soils. Canadian Geotechnical Journal 29: 263-277.
Mylona, E., Xenidis, A. and Paspaliaris, I. (2000). Inhibition of acid generation from sulphidic wastes by the addition of small amounts of limestone. Minerals Engineering 13(10—11): 1161-1175.
Nadeif, A., Taha, Y., Bouzahzah, H., Hakkou, R. and Benzaazoua, M. (2019). Desulfurization of the old tailings at the Au-Ag-Cu Tiouit Mine (anti-atlas Morocco). Minerals 9(7): 401.
Nicholson, R.V., Gillham, R.W. and Reardon, E.J. (1988). Pyrite oxidation in carbonate- buffered solutions: 1. Experimental kinetics. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 52:1077-1085.
Nicholson, R.V., Gillham, R.W. and Reardon, E.J. (1990). Pyrite oxidation in carbonate-buffered solutions: 2. Rate control by oxide coatings. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54: 395-402.
Nyavor, K. and Egiebor, N.O. (1995). Control of pyrite oxidation by phosphate coating. Science of the Total Environment 162: 225-237.
Nystrom, E. (2018). Suitability of industrial residues for preventing acid rock drainage generation from waste rock. PhD Thesis, Lulea University of Technology, Sweden.
Pandey, S., Yacob, T.W., Silverstein, J., Rajaram, H., Minchow, K. and Basta, J. (2011). Prevention of acid mine drainage through complexation of ferric iron by soluble microbial growth products. Available at https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/ abs/2011AGUFM.H43J1370P/abstract [Accessed 25 April 2020].
Park, I., Tabelin, С. B., Jeon, S., Li, X., Seno, K., Ito, M. and Hiroyoshi, N. (2019). A review of recent strategies for acid mine drainage prevention and mine tailings recycling. Chemosphere 219: 588-606.
Park, I., Tabelin, C.B., Magaribuchi, K., Seno, K., Ito, M. and Hiroyoshi, N. (2018a). Suppression of the release of arsenic from arsenopyrite by carrier- microencapsulation using Ti-catechol complex. Journal of Hazardous Materials 344: 322-332.
Park, I., Tabelin, C.B., Seno, K., Jeon, S., Ito, M. and Hiroyoshi, N. (2018b). Simultaneous suppression of acid mine drainage formation and arsenic release by carrier- microencapsulation using aluminum-catecholate complexes. Chemosphere 205: 414-425.
Payant, S.C., St. Amaud, L.C. and Yanful, E.K. (1995). Evaluation of techniques for preventing acidic rock drainage. Available at http://pdf.library.laurentian.ca/ medb/conf/Sudbury95/AcidMineDrainage/AMD7.PDF [Accessed 24 April 2020].
Peppas, A., Komnitsas, K. and Halikia, I. (2000). Use of organic covers for acid mine drainage control. Minerals Engineering 13(5): 563-574.
Perez-Lopez, R., Cama, J., Nieto, J.M. and Ayora, C. (2007). The iron-coating role on the oxidation kinetics of a pyritic sludge doped with fly ash. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 71:1921-1934.
Pond, A.P., White, S.A., Milczarek, M. and Thompson, T.L. (2005). Accelerated weathering of biosolid-amended copper mine tailings. Journal of Environmental Quality 34: 1293-1301.
Pozo-Antonio, S., Puente-Luna, I., Lagiiela-Lopez, S. and Veiga-Rios, M. (2014). Techniques to correct and prevent acid mine drainage: a review. Dyna 81(186): 73-80.
Rawlings, D.E. (2005). Characteristics and adaptability of iron- and sulfur-oxidizing microorganisms used for the recovery of metals from minerals and their concentrates. Microbial Cell Factories 4(13): 1-15.
Renton, J.J., Stiller, A.H. and Rymer, T.E. (1988). The use of phosphate materials as ameliorants for acid mine drainage. Available at https://www.asmr.us/ Portals/0/Documents/Conference-Proceedings/1988-Volume-l/0067-Renton. pdf [Accessed 22 April 2020].
Ribet, I., Ptacek, C.J., Blowes, D.W. and Jambor, J.L. (1995). The potential for metal release by reductive dissolution of weathered mine tailings. Journal of Contaminant Hydrologyl7: 239-273.
RoyChowdhury, A., Sarkar, D. and Datta, R. (2015). Remediation of acid mine drain- age-impacted water. Current Pollution Reports 1:131-141.
Sahoo, P.K., Kim, K., Equeenuddin, S. M. and Powell, M.A. (2013). Current approaches for mitigating acid mine drainage. In: Whitacre, D.M. (Editor), Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Volume 226. Springer Science, Berlin, pp. 1-32.
Sasaki, K., Tsunekawa, M., Ohtsuka, T. and Konno, H. (1998). The role of sulfur- oxidizing bacteria Thiobacillus thiooxidans in pyrite weathering. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 133: 269-278.
Sasaki, K., Tsunekawa, M., Tanaka, S. and Konno, H. (1996). Supression of microbially mediated dissolution of pyrite by originally isolated fulvic acids and related compounds. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 119: 241-253.
Satur, J., Hiroyoshi, N., Tsunekawa, M., Ito, M. and Okamoto, H. (2007). Carrier- microencapsulation for preventing pyrite oxidation. International Journal of Mineral Processing 83:116-124.
Simate, G.S. and Ndlovu, S. (2008). Bacterial leaching of nickel laterites using chemo- lithotrophic microorganisms: identifying influential factors using statistical design of experiments. International Journal of Mineral Processing 88: 31-36.
Simate, G. S., Ndlovu, S. and Gericke, M. (2009). Bacterial leaching of nickel laterites using chemolithotrophic microorganisms: process optimisation using response surface methodology and central composite rotatable design. Hydrometallurgy 98: 241-246.
Simate, G. S., Ndlovu, S. and Walubita, L.F. (2010). The fungal and chemolithotrophic leaching of nickel laterites - challenges and opportunities. Hydrometallurgy 103:150-157.
Skousen, J., Rose, A., Geidel, G., Foreman, J., Evans, R. and Hellier, W. (1998). Handbook of Technologies for Avoidance and Remediation of Acid Mine
Drainage. The National Mine Land Reclamation Centre, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
Skousen, J. G., Sencindiver, J. C. and Smith, R. M. (1987). A review of procedures for surface mining and reclamation in areas with acid producing materials. Energy and Water Research Center 871, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
Skousen, J.G., Sexstone, A. and Ziemkiewicz, RF. (2000). Acid mine drainage control and treatment. Agronomy 41: 31-68.
Skousen, J.G., Ziemkiewicz, P.F. and McDonald, L.M. (2019). Acid mine drainage formation, control and treatment: approaches and strategies. Extractive Industries and Society 6(1): 241-249.
Stehouwer, R., Sutton, P., Fowler, R. and Dick, W. (1995). Minespoil amendment with dry flue gas desulfurization by-products: element solubility and mobility. Journal of Environmental Quality 24:165-174.
Swanson, D. A. and O'Kane, M. (1999). Application of unsaturated zone hydrology at waste rock facilities: Design of soil covers and prediction of seepage. Available at https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/84fl/484ffd6c745b092c22da9df89d659220119b. pdf [Accessed 14 October 2020].
Swanson, D.A., Barbour, S.L. and Wilson, G.W. (1997). Dry-site versus wet-site cover design. In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage. Mine Environment Neutral Drainage (MEND) Program, Vancouver, B.C., May 1997.
Tabelin, C.B., Veerawattananun, S., Ito, M., Hiroyoshi, N. and Igarashi, T. (2017). Pyrite oxidation in the presence of hematite and alumina: II. Effects on the cathodic and anodic half-cell reactions. Science of the Total Environment 581/582,126-135.
Tremblay, R.L. (1994). Controlling acid mine drainage using an organic cover: the case of the East Sullivan Mine, Abitibi, Quebec. Available at https://www. asmr.us/Portals/0/Documents/Conference-Proceedings/1994-Volume-2/0122- Tremblay.pdf [Accessed 25 April 2020].
Vila, M.C., de Carvalho, S.J., A. da Silva, F. and Fi'uza, A. (2008). Preventing acid mine drainage from mine tailings. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment 109: 729-738.
Wang, H.L., Shang. J.Q., Kovac, V. and Ho, K.S. (2006). Utilization of Atikokan coal fly ash in acid rock drainage from Musselwhite mine tailings. Canadian Geotechnical Journal 43: 229-243.
Xenidis, A., Mylona, E. and Paspaliaris, I. (2002). Potential use of lignite fly ash for the control of acid generation from sulphidic wastes. Waste Management 22: 631-641.
Yanful, E.K. (1993). Oxygen diffusion through soil cover on sulphidic mine tailings. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering 119:1207-1228.
Yanful, E. and Orlandea, M. (2000). Controlling acid drainage in a pyritic mine waste rock. Part II: geochemistry of drainage. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 124: 259-284.
Yanful, E.K., Simms, PH. and Payant, S.C. (1999). Soil cover for controlling acid generation in mine tailings: a laboratory evaluation of the physics and the geochemistry. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 114: 347-375.
Yeheyis, M.B., Shang, J.Q. and Yanful, E.K. (2009). Long-term evaluation of coal fly ash and mine tailings co-placement: a site-specific study. Journal of Environmental Management 91: 237-244.
Zhang, X., Borda, M.J., Schoonen, M.A.A. and Strongin, D.R. (2003). Adsorption of phospholipids on pyrite and their effect on surface oxidation. Langmuir 19: 8787-8792.
Zhang, Y.L. and Evangelou, V.P. (1998). Formation of ferric hydroxide-silica coatings on pyrite and its oxidation behavior. Soil Science 163: 53-62.
Zhang, M. and Wang, H. (2017). Utilization of bactericide technology for pollution control of acidic coal mine waste. Advances in Engineering Research 129: 667-670.