Psychology and Human Performance in Space Programs:Research at the Frontier

Physical Hazards of Space Exploration and the Biological Bases of Behavioral Health and Performance in Extreme EnvironmentsIntroductionCore Neurobehavioral Systems for Space ExplorationArousal/Regulatory and Sensorimotor SystemsNegative and Positive ValenceCognitive and Social ProcessesSpaceflight Hazards and Physical Risks to Behavioral Health and PerformanceRadiationAltered GravityHostile/Closed EnvironmentsIsolation and ConfinementDistance from EarthSummary and ConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferencesSpaceflight Research on the Ground : Managing Analogs for Behavioral Health ResearchIntroductionExisting Analogs and CharacteristicsComparison of ICE and ICC AnalogsDeveloping and Creating an AnalogUse of Analogs for ResearchResearch Implementation in AnalogsSummary and ConclusionsReferencesSpecial Considerations for Conducting Research in Mission-Simulation Analog Environments: Challenges, Solutions, and What Is NeededIntroductionChallenge 1: Identifying and Selecting AnalogsChallenge 2: Obtaining Access to AnalogsChallenge 3: Data ChallengesChallenge 4: Disseminating Findings and Maintaining Participant ConfidentialityConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferencesResearch in Extreme Real-World Environments: Challenges for Spaceflight OperationsIntroductionExtreme EnvironmentsNatural DisastersMilitary SettingsPolar ExplorationSpaceflight and Spaceflight AnalogsSummaryReferencesTechnological Advances to Understand and Improve Individual and Team Resilience in Extreme EnvironmentsIntroductionWearables and Other Unobtrusive Measurement Data StreamsPhysiological MeasurementLinguistic and Paralinguistic CommunicationGeospatial Sensing and Activity TracesFramework of Team Interaction Measure DevelopmentConceptual DomainData Acquisition and Measurement DomainData Analysis DomainUsing Sensors to Obtain Cues about Brittleness and Resilience in Individual and Team HealthEarly Warning Signs of Low ResilienceDeploying Countermeasures for Individual and Team HealthCountermeasures to Minimize the Impact of StressorsCountermeasures to Manage Inflight StressorsCountermeasures to Mend after Stressor ExposuresConclusions and Future DirectionsAcknowledgmentReferencesComputational Modeling of Long-Distance Space Exploration: A Guide to Predictive and Prescriptive Approaches to the Dynamics of Team CompositionIntroductionComputational Modeling and Space TeamsMotivating ABMs for Space Team CompositionDeveloping an Agent-based Model for Crew Composition EffectsAn Integrated Model of Team CompositionModel CalibrationModel ValidationTranslating Science to PracticeConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferencesTraining Principles for Declarative and Procedural TasksIntroductionPrinciples that Benefit Declarative Memory TasksStrategic Use of KnowledgeAbstractionDistinctive RespondingTesting EffectNote-TakingPrinciples that Benefit Procedural Memory TasksMental PracticeCognitive AntidoteProcedural ReinstatementPrinciples that Benefit both Declarative and Procedural Memory TasksVariability of PracticeContextual ReinstatementSummaryReferencesTeam Adaptation and Resilience: Where the Literature Currently Stands and How It Applies to Long-Duration Isolated, Confined, and Extreme ContextsIntroductionDefinitional Model of Team AdaptationIntegration of Team Resilience into the Team Adaptation Nomological NetworkLiterature Review of Team Adaptation and Resilience from Analogous and ICE SettingsAntecedents Considered in Analogous and ICE SettingsProcesses Considered in Analogous and ICE SettingsMediators Considered in Analogous and ICE SettingsOutcomes Considered in Analogous and ICE SettingsInterventions and CountermeasuresPre-Mission Interventions and CountermeasuresDuring-Mission Interventions and CountermeasuresRecommendations for Future ResearchConclusionReferencesToward an Understanding of Training Requirements for Multicultural Teams in Long-Duration SpaceflightCultural Diversity: Scoping BoundariesState of the Science: Cultural Diversity in TeamsTeam CognitionTeam ProcessesEmergent StatesState of the Science: Interventions and CountermeasuresCognitive OutcomesBehavioral OutcomesAttitudinal OutcomesTraining MethodsTraining ElementsAn Integrated PerspectiveInformation ProvisionSkill AcquisitionApplication and PracticeConcluding CommentsReferencesTeamwork in Space ExplorationPurpose of the ChapterGoals of Astronaut and Flight Controller TeamsTeamwork ABCsAttitudesPsychological SafetyMutual TrustCollective OrientationBehaviorsConflict ManagementCoordinationTeam CareProblem-SolvingCognitionsTeam LearningTeam Knowledge OutcomesFuture Directions and ApplicationsAcknowledgmentsReferencesExtreme Roommates: Exploring Group-Living Skills as a Unique Team Skill AreaBackgroundWhat We Know from the Work–Nonwork LiteratureBorder and Boundary TheoriesWork RecoveryConservation of Resources TheoryWork-Nonwork EnrichmentSummaryDefining Group Living: NASA Astronaut Crew Office Expeditionary SkillsPredictors and Outcomes of Group-Living Skills in Extreme EnvironmentsGroup Living as an Astronaut Selection FactorTraditional Personality PredictorsDeveloping Group-Living SkillsSupporting Group-Living SkillsConclusionReferencesSupporting Space flight Multiteam Systems throughout Long-Duration Exploration Missions: A Countermeasure ToolkitSpaceflight Multiteam SystemsBenefits of MTS Work StructuresChallenges of MTSsSFMTSs in the Next Era of SpaceflightAdvancing a Countermeasure Toolkit for SFMTS Collaboration during LDEMPhase I: Define the Task ContextPhase II: Anticipate the Likely Patterns of InteractionPhase III: Diagnose the Discrepancies between the Needed and Likely Patterns of InteractionsPhase IV: React to the Discrepancies by Deploying CountermeasuresConclusionReferencesHuman Interaction with Space-Based SystemsPhysical FactorsCognitive FactorsHuman–Computer InteractionHCI: Information PresentationHCI: Caution and Warning Alarm DesignHCI: Information Integration with Procedure-Based Tasks in SpaceHuman-Automation IntegrationHAI: Levels of Automation in Electronic ProceduresHAI: Supervisory Control of Lunar LandingsEnvironmental FactorsVisual Performance under VibrationFine Motor SkillsConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferencesIndex
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