Human Interaction with Space-Based Systems

Kritina Holden

Leidos, NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center

Jessica J. Marquez

NASA's Ames Research Center

Cordon Vos

NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center

E. Vincent Cross II

TRACLabs

CONTENTS

Physical Factors.....................................................................................................260

Cognitive Factors...................................................................................................263

Human-Computer Interaction...........................................................................264

HCI: Information Presentation.....................................................................266

HCI: Caution and Warning Alarm Design....................................................268

HCI: Information Integration with Procedure-Based Tasks in Space..........270

Human-Automation Integration........................................................................274

HAI: Levels of Automation in Electronic Procedures..................................278

HAI: Supervisory Control of Lunar Landings.............................................280

Environmental Factors...........................................................................................282

Visual Performance under Vibration.................................................................282

Fine Motor Skills...............................................................................................285

Conclusion.............................................................................................................288

Acknowledgments..................................................................................................288

References..............................................................................................................288

Human factors is the study, discovery, and application of information about human abilities, human limitations, and other human characteristics to the design of tools, devices, machines, systems, job tasks and environments for effective human performance (Chapanis, 1996). Human factors can play a critical role in addressing the unique challenges of spaceflight, where humans must work effectively, efficiently, and safely in bulky, constraining, life-sustaining spacesuits, may be cognitively impaired due to isolation, sleep deprivation, and radiation, or must use tools, systems, and computer-based devices in a hostile microgravity environment far from Earth. The sections that follow summarize selected research in the areas of physical, cognitive, and environmental factors related to human interaction with space-based systems.

 
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