Oil Spill Occurrence, Simulation, and Behavior


Characteristics and Properties of Crude Oil and Its ProductsNature of Crude Oils and Their ProductsBasic Properties of Pure HydrocarbonsBasic Properties of Crude Oil and Its ProductsEstimation of the Composition of Petroleum MixturesEstimation of Density and Pour PointEstimation of Boiling Point, Flash Point, and Vapor PressureEstimation of Viscosity, Diffusivity, and Surface TensionSolubility of Hydrocarbons and Petroleum Fluids in WaterSummaryReferencesSources and Causes of Oil SpillsIntroductionStatistical Data on Oil and Gas Production and Trade MovementOil Spills Caused by Petroleum Exploration and ProductionOil Spills Caused by Marine TransportationOil and Gas Transportation by TankersOil and Gas Transportation by PipelinesOil Spills Caused by RefineriesOil Spills Caused by Natural SeepsOil Spills Caused by War, Sabotage, and Other ActionsSummaryReferencesMajor Oil Spills: Occurrence and Their ImpactsIntroductionOil Spill DetectionMajor AccidentsTanker Oil SpillsSanchi Oil SpillHaven Oil SpillExxon Valdez Oil SpillPersian Gulf Oil SpillDeepwater Horizon (Gulf of Mexico) Oil Spill 2010Chronology of EventsHow it OccurredDeepwater Horizon, Macondo Well, and Fluid CompositionMeteorological DataOil Flow Rate and Slick AreaOil Flow RateSurface AreaTrajectory and SimulationSummaryReferencesEnvironmental, Economic, and Political Impacts: Case of BP Oil SpillIntroductionEnvironmental ImpactsImpacts on the Birds and FishImpacts on the Shores and PeopleEconomic ImpactsHow the Oil Spill Was StoppedBrief History of BPPolitical ImpactsSummaryIntroductionNatural ProcessesEvaporationSpreadingDispersionDissolutionEmulsificationOxidationSedimentationBiodegradationProtective BoomsIn-Situ BurningDispersantsSkimming and Mechanical Removal MethodsSummaryReferencesSimple Models to Predict Rate of Oil Spill DisappearanceIntroductionModeling SchemeCalculation ProcedureLaboratory Experiments and Model PredictionsApplication of the Model to the Case of Continuous Flow of OilSummaryReferencesAdvanced Oil Spill Modeling and Simulation TechniquesIntroductionNear-Field and Far-Field Oil Spill ModelingSubsea Blowouts and Near-Field ModelingIntroductionReservoir Fluid versus Surface OilModeling the Underwater Oil JetThe Physical ProcessesCurrent Modeling ApproachesEquilibrium Droplet Size ModelPopulation Dynamic Droplet Size ModelModeling Oil Plume Dynamics and Underwater Degradation ProcessesTypical Near-Field Model Inputs and Produced ResultsFar-Field Oil Spill ModelingOil Spill AdvectionThe Importance of Wave DataOther Critical Inputs and ProcessesOil Entrainment and Droplet Size DistributionOil Spill Weathering and Oil Decaying ProcessesModeling of the Response MeasuresStatistical Analysis for Contingency PlanningSummaryAcknowledgmentsReferencesEconomic and Financial Impacts of Oil SpillsOil, Oil Spill, Response and Recovery SystemOil and Gas System and Potential Oil SpillsOil and Gas SystemPotential Oil SpillsOil Spill Response and Recovery SystemEconomic and Financial Aspects of Oil SpillLocal Economic ImpactCleanup CostsNatural Resource DamagesSocioeconomic LossOther CostsGlobal Economic ImpactMajor Oil Spills: Compensation, Claim, and Cost EstimationSummaryReferences
 
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