Cultural Internationalism:The Logic of a New International Governance


Prologue: From major unprecedented changes to the governance logic of international politicsUniversal rise of oriental countries on the international stageInternational governance becoming mainstream model of international politicsReflections on WWIReflections on WWIIReflections on new global crisesCivilization escalated to the most urgent issue of global orderInternational cultural governance as an important part of international governanceInternational ideology as an important part of international politicsEnding civilizational hegemony as key to global governance leadershipConcepts of national, regional, and global governanceRelations between domestic, regional, and global governanceDimensions in regional governanceHistorical dimensionSecurity dimensionEconomic dimensionCultural dimensionRelevance of regional governance in China’s diplomacyWhy does China value regional governance in its diplomacy?Historical experience of the People’s Republic of China in implementing international, regional strategiesIntroductionHistorical experience from 1949 to 1979Historical experience from the late 1970s to 2010Historical experience from 2010 to the futureNotesReferences: Cultural dimension of international governance“Culture Lag” in world order and global governance – Historical reviewFrom the 18th century to the late-19th centuryFrom the late-19th century to the mid-20th centuryFrom the mid-20th century to the beginning of the 21st century“Cultural lag” in global governanceWestern culture and the aftermath of cultural globalizationPatterns, methods, and paths in world cultural order studiesDifferent patterns of cultural orderArea studies of cultural orderDifferent paths to world culture orderGlobal cultural governance and regional cultural governanceBasic experience and orientation of regional cultural governanceLeading and supporting role of the core countriesPragmatic regional cultural policiesStrong economic and social supportSufficient cultural pressure outside the regionReferencesOrigins of authority in international politicsConcept of authority in international politicsFrom governance deficit to leadership transitionNew global governance appeals for new leadershipNew global governance: three characteristicsThe leadership of global governance and its historical evidenceThree waves in global governance and its leadershipFirst wave: from the late-19th century to WWIISecond wave: from WWII to the early-21st centuryThird wave: from the 21st century to the futureLeadership in global governance and the shift of China’s mindsetCharacteristics of global governance in 2030 and the leadership requestedNeed for coordination and initiative in global governanceMultipolarity leadership in global governance: the increased power of emerging countriesNew ideas and new forms for global governanceYear 2030: an opportunity for China to lead global governanceShift in China’s mindset on global governance: a sense of mission and international responsibilityNotesReferencesNew trends of global governanceIncreased urgency in solving global issuesDemand for global institutional innovationCo-governance by multiple subjects with trans-culture backgroundNew global governance shifts the period of historic opportunity in ChinaExtending China’s period of historic opportunityNew understanding under the new trend of global governanceDifferent requirements for seizing historic opportunitiesNew perspectives on global governance and the current situationAn innovative perspective on the period of historic opportunityFavorable strategies of global governance to seize opportunitiesReferencesRise of the G20Competition between developed and developing economiesGlobal financial crisis motivates G20 riseInnovation of an international economic coordination system in the G20Division in three different realms of global governanceConservatives versus ReformistsUnited Nations versus G20Contradictions within the G20Disputed leadership of the G20Inquiry around the role of the G20Role of China and its representation in emerging economiesChina’s view on international governanceNoteReferencesEvolution of international institution and the rise of BRICSNew interdependence and power transitionInternational governance system fluxRethinking the construction of a new type of international governance system: BRICS cooperation examplePromoting inclusive reform of the world financial systemPragmatic participation of BRICS countries in global financial governanceNew membership and the future of BRICS in global governanceNotesReferencesIs the golden era coming?The impossibility of radical exceptionalismLeading global governance depends on the spirit of neo-internationalismNoteReferencesCultural globalization and national interestsFuture of cultural communities and global powersOriginal and future issues of Chinese culture in the new international governanceNotesReferencesCultural internationalism in response to cultural crisisCultural Exceptionalism, China Threat Theory, and the extroversion of Chinese cultureCivilization clashes and geopolitical resurgence in regional governanceThe sluggishness of cultural world order evolutionGovernance ideas under the global cultural crisisHistorical features and practical significance of cultural internationalismThree dimensions of cultural internationalismConcept of order in cultural internationalismHidden cultural orderCultural order in crisis managementPolitical coordination as a support for global cultural orderHistorical evolution of cultural internationalismTianxia Doctrine of cultural orderFrom cultural imperialism, to cultural relativism and cultural dialogismFrom cultural dialogism to contemporary cultural internationalismTheoretical framework and principles of new cultural internationalismThe meaning of cultural internationalismCultural internationalism in international relations theoryUniversality and particularity of cultural internationalismThe basic principles of cultural internationalismNotesReferencesLevels and paths of implementing cultural internationalismCultural internationalism at global, regional, and domestic levelsImplementation paths of cultural internationalismLanguage medium: revitalizing the EsperantoInstitutional platform: NGOs and trade fairsInternational non-governmental organizationExpos, exhibitions, and trade fairsCultural channels: dialogues between civilizations and humanitiesCivilization exchangesBilateral cultural exchangesConditions and motivations for China to promote cultural internationalismThe global Chinese communityInternational community and China’s role in international governanceInternationalism in the spirit of the Chinese nationCase in the Ming Dynasty and the inclusiveness of Chinese CultureChallenges to cultural internationalismNegative aspect of cultural conservatismPotential threat of cultural nationalismInadequate cultural continuity and the weakness in cultural modernizationPath of cultural openness and the political culture cycle hypothesisNotesReferencesPostscript: Theoretical boundaries, practical conditions, and policy significance of cultural internationalismTheoretical boundaries of cultural internationalismCultural internationalism: theory of diplomacy or theory of international relations?Universality and predictive function of cultural internationalismFactors conducive to cultural internationalismEconomic globalization and the revolution in science and technologyGrowth of international social power and consensusNon-Western leadership in global cultural governance and the dissemination and renewal of “World Citizens”Policy implications of cultural internationalism on contemporary ChinaFrom “China-U.S. Trade Friction” to “China-U.S. Cultural Friction”Chinese school of cultural internationalismPolicy suggestionsImplementing a more active and inclusive international education policyPromoting more autonomous and diversified city diplomacyExpanding channels of public and people-to-people diplomacy