Historical experience of the People’s Republic of China in implementing international, regional strategies
Generally speaking, China’s regional policy adheres to the principle of good neighborliness and emphasizes that Asian affairs should be managed by Asians. Compared with Old China, the People’s Republic of China gave the highest priority to its regime consolidation, regional stabilization, and good neighborliness. Therefore, on one hand, China had adopted a policy of “leaning to the socialist camp” in the early days of its foundation and established a strategic partnership with the Soviet Union. On the other hand, it firmly resisted any imperialistic and hegemonic interference to its peripheral region. After the Korean War started in October 1950, China’s Chairman Mao Zedong proposed that
the domestic affairs of a country should be charged by its people, and Asian affairs should be managed by the people of Asia, not the United States. The U.S. aggression against Asia can only lead to widespread and resolute resistance from the Asian people.
(The Party Literature Research Center of the CPC Central Committee, 2013)
Mao’s words, in fact, demonstrated China's claim on regional governance.
In terms of its good neighborliness policy, there are two typical examples. One example refers to Sino-Japanese relations. Although Japan's aggression in history caused substantial physical and mental trauma to China and the Chinese people, China, concerning the overall regional peace and Sino-Japanese friendship, abandoned Japan’s war compensation and signed the China-Japan Treaty of Peace and Friendship. Another example is the Sino-Indian relations. In 1962, India supported the Dalai Group in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to engage in separatist activities and carried out armed intrusions in Chinese territory. After it defeated the Indian army, the Chinese military immediately declared a ceasefire and returned to the actual control line. The weapons and equipment seized by the Chinese military were also returned to the Indian military. Such practices indicate that the Chinese government keeps a rational judgment toward its neighboring fields and seeks to establish a neighborly and friendly surrounding environment.