Collaborative Governance: Principles, Processes, and Practical Tools

SECTION 1: Definitions, Context, and DynamicsDefinitions and DescriptionsWhy We Distinguish Collaborative Governance from Other Forms of CollaborationThe Role of Collaborative PlatformsConclusionCollaborative Governance in a Constitutional ContextA Backdrop of Divided GovernmentCollaborative Governance is Baked into the Constitutional SystemThe Practice of Collaborative Governance in a Constitutional DemocracyDemocratic Skill Building and Shared ResponsibilityConclusionTypologiesAgreement-seekingCollective ActionCollaborative SystemsConclusionFundamental Dynamics of CollaborationMoving NortheastAll Collaboration is VoluntaryInterdependence: The Basis for CollaborationTrust: The Social Capital of CollaborationConclusionSECTION 2: Framework and ProcessDeliberation and Decision-makingImplementation and AdaptationAssessmentThe Value of the Collaborative Governance AssessmentKey Indicators that Conditions are Ripe for Collaborative GovernanceStrategies for Conducting the AssessmentSharing the Results of the AssessmentConclusionDesign and OrganizationFraming the Common Purpose and ValuesIdentifying Key Roles and ResponsibilitiesConcentric Circles of EngagementClarifying the Processes for Decision-making and Conflict ResolutionBuilding the Form to Support the FunctionSpecial Consideration for Collaborative SystemsCreating Working AgreementsConclusionDeliberation and Decision-MakingAgreement on Framing and Operating PrinciplesJoint LearningJoint Problem-solvingConsensus Decision-makingPublic InvolvementConclusionImplementation and AdaptationStructuring the Agreement for ImplementationDesigning the Future Governance StructureMoving to ActionMonitoring, Evaluating, and Managing AdaptivelyConclusionSECTION 3: Skills to Improve Collaborative GovernanceStrengthening Collaborative Governance GroupsDefining SuccessGroup Attribute 1: Joint Ownership of the Problem and the ProcessGroup Attribute 2: Broad and Balanced ParticipationGroup Attribute 3: A Willingness to DealGroup Attribute 4: Ability to Rebuild TrustGroup Attribute 5: Attention to Results and AccountabilityConclusionIndividual Leadership ToolsLeadership Tool 1: Collaborative ListeningLeadership Tool 2: A Focus on Underlying InterestsLeadership Tool 3: CommunicationLeadership Tool 4: ReciprocityLeadership Tool 5: Finding Opportunities for Integration and SynergyLeadership Tool 6: Asking for Ideas, Opinions, ProposalsLeadership Tool 7: Reframing Issues for DiscussionLeadership Tool 8: DisagreeingLeadership Tool 9: Under-promise and Over-performLeadership Tool 10: Finding Mutual AffiliationConclusion