Introducing Forced Migration

PrefaceAcknowledgementsWhich organisations assist people who migrate?Who are international migrants?Who are forced migrants?Key theories of migration and forced migrationThe United Nations Sustainable Development GoalsWho is a ‘refugee’ and who is an ‘asylum seeker’?Who is a refugee?Who is a refugee under international law?Regional mechanismsPalestinian refugeesWhere do refugees come from?StatelessnessProtracted refugee situationsWhat solutions are available for people who flee persecution?The power of definition: labelling refugees, forced migrants and the forcibly displacedWho is an ‘internally displaced person’?Who is an Internally Displaced Persons (IDP)?Where are people internally displaced?The needs of IDPsInternal ‘human trafficking’Researching internal displacement — methodological, data collection and statistical challengesWho is a ‘victim’ or ‘survivor’ of trafficking?Who is a ‘victim’ of human trafficking?What are the key issues with the Palermo Protocol definition?What are the differences between ‘human trafficking’ and ‘human smuggling’?Evidence, statistics, estimates and monitoring mechanismsWhy are people trafficked?Who is trafficked worldwide?Who are the ‘traffickers’?Current geography of human traffickingMechanism, International and Internal TraffickingNoteMixed movements of people and human rights‘Root causes’ or drivers of forced migrationWhat are human rights?The International Bill of Rights and subsequent international instrumentsKey critiques of human rightsHuman rights and forced migrationThe right to asylumMixed movements and mixed migrationFurther reading‘Children on the move’ and the ‘displaced child’The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the ChildWho is a child? Who are children on the move? What are their migration pathways?Conflict and the Role of AnthropologyWhat do we know about ‘children on the move’?Are children an inherently ‘vulnerable’ group?‘Women and children’, men and boysSafe spaces, advocates and guardiansFurther readingReferencesUnderstanding legislative and policy responses and ethical imperativesWorking with and/or conducting ethically informed research with displaced populationsSome scenarios for considering ethical researchBeyond ‘Do no harm’ in research with people in situations of forced migrationReferencesContemporary issues, the refugee ‘crisis’ and proposed ‘solutions’The Rohingya from MyanmarThe Mediterranean ‘migration crisis’Human smuggling and human traffickingToday’s ‘children on the move’COVID-19Race, racism and Black Lives MatterFurther reading
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