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A short course of lectures
«The monetary system»

NEW HORIZONS CONCERNING EXCHANGES, TIME AND GUARANTEESNEW FORMS OF MONETARY EXCHANGETHE PRESENT-DAY NON-UTILITY OF CLASSICAL AGGREGATESAcknowledgementsDegrees of Contagion ("Interconnection")GlossaryThe International Monetary FundThe US Answer to InequalitiesG5 to G20THE INVESTMENT MULTIPLIERCauses Underlying Emerging Macroeconomic RealitiesINTERNATIONAL MICROECONOMIC REGULATION COORDINATION SPECIFICSThe First Function: Price Setting – Money as a Measurement Standard-Based Source of InformationGUARANTEES ON RECEIVABLES: A SECURITIZATION MULTIPLIERTHE RISE AND FALL OF CIVILIZATIONSTHE FISCAL POLICY COORDINATION ISSUE COMPARED WITH THE USADIRECT SYSTEMATIC IMPACT OF ACCOUNTING STANDARDSThe RealitiesLegal Tender and SeignorageWhat is the Conceptual Essence of Contractual Money, Constraints and Implications?THE DRIVING ROLE OF MONETARY VELOCITYMoney as a Measurement Instrument: The Need for StabilityThe International Set-upThe Securitization Concept and Its ImplementationSecuritization Financing via Trust-Derived "Shadow Capital" Originating from Retirement Accounts, Direct Savings and Trade DeficitsBOOK BALANCES ARE EITHER MONEY OR POTENTIAL MONEYThe "Double-Posting" PrincipleWHERE MISLEADING STANDARDS GENERATE DISTORTED IMAGES Valuation Incertitude in Accounting StandardsSTABILITY AND GUARANTEESRedefining the Monetary System and Measurements of Monetary Flow – Towards M5 and M6THE IMAGE PRESENTED BY FINANCIAL STATEMENTS INFLUENCES THE ANALYSIS OF ECONOMIC DATA AND TRANSACTIONAL EXCHANGESTHE NECESSARY APPROACH IN ACCOUNTING: A HIERARCHY OF DANGEROUSNESSThe Disputed Strategy: Addressing Macroeconomic ImbalancesTHE DEMISE OF TRADITIONAL CONCEPTUAL APPROACHESQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSThe Modern Seignorage PrivilegeThe Implosion Risk of the Money TrapREPLACEMENT OF BANK LOAN FINANCING BY SECURITIZATION AND THE IMPACT OF PRO-CYCLICAL EFFECTSDEVIATIONS FROM EFFECTIVE RISK CONTROL: THE CDS CASEDirect Financing and Hedging of RiskSocial Time and AnticipationHandling the Social Obstacles of Monetary UnificationDetermining the Appropriate Amounts of AccumulationTime: A Different DimensionM5/M6 and their Derivatives M5'/MG': Determining Definitions and UsesCONCEPTS AND RULES TO REPORT EXCHANGES AND DETERMINE THE IMAGE OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTSTraditional Seignorage in GeneralHOW TO GROUND TRUST IN MONEY: AUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR GOVERNMENT AND CENTRAL BANKSDefinition of Aggregates and Functions UsedTHE PARADOX OF AVAILABILITY OF MONEY MASSES AS A POLICY TOOL FOR THEIR HOLDERSValue ConsequenceINTERNATIONAL EXCHANGES – INTERACTIONS AND MONETARY ZONE COHERENCEDEFINING NEW MONEY – THE DIFFERENCE DETWEEN SHADOW RANKING MONEY, VIRTUAL MONEY AND THE NEW AGGREGATESINTERNATIONAL COORDINATIONThe Consistency-Based Principle of BookkeepingA Need for Mathematical ApproachesMICRO- AND MACRO-PRUDENTIAL SURVEILLANCE AGENCIES' FRAMEWORKSpeed Efficiency, Risks and Market SwitchesDebt versus Equity Instruments: The Need for Big DataEXTENDING THE FIELD OF DEDTS AND GUARANTEESQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSInception, Monopolies and Measurement Aggregates as Classical Mechanisms for Issuing MoneyThe Fair Value Conceptual Mistake Contributes to Instability and DistrustDefining New Classes of Monetary Aggregates: M5 and M6Resilient Open Questions in a New EnvironmentQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSLegal Segregation between Different Types of Money, Depending on Underlying Guarantees and TransferabilityThe European Stability Mechanism and the European Central BankA RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF CLASSIC MONEY IN OPERATIONTHE INTRINSIC DEFINITION OF MONEYThe G20's Reasons to ExistDEFINING "TODAY'S MONEY"One Key Consequence of the New Set-up: The Final TrapDouble-Entry ConsequenceToday's International Situation and IssuesFrom Excessive Accumulation Derives Non-level Playing FieldsThe Origin of SecuritizationTHE NEW ENVIRONMENT: BROADENING THE DEFINITION OF CURRENCYCOORDINATION ISSUES INSIDE THE E0R0Z0NE AS OPPOSED TO INTERNATIONALPast and 21st-Century Money AnalysisEUROPE AND THE USAModern limes – Liberation and Growth of the Money Supply. The Facts Presented in Monetary Units and Resulting Regulatory NeedsTHE CURRENT INTERNATIONAL SYSTEMThe Second Function: A Payment and Trading InstrumentFROM A PRACTICAL POINT OF VIEW, WHAT ARE THE DATA LIMITATIONS FOR DETERMINING THE VALUES OF NEW MONETARY AGGREGATES?CONSEQUENCES OF THE BASIC ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLESMonetary Aggregates in Central BanksMONETARY ASPECTS OF FINANCIAL STATEIVENTSTHE ORIGIN OF MONEY; FROM ANTIQUITY TO MODERN TIMESEVOLUTION OF MONEY INTO A SEGREGATED INTERMEDIATION TOOL WITH IMPRECISE FRONTIERSAT THE CORE OF THE ISSUE: THE DEFINITION OF CURRENCYMONETARY REGULATION AND FOLLOW-UPSHADOW BANKING IS DIFFERENT FROM VIRTUAL MONEYTRADITIONAL MONETARY AGGREGATESThe Regulation and Observation Limits Already Accepted, Compared with the Realities of Modern ExchangesTRANSNATIONAL REALITIES ABOUT FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS' MARKETS AND SYSTEMIC RISK MEASUREMENTThe World Bank GroupGENERAL FRAMEWORKCITIZENS EMERGING IN THE PROCESS OF FINANCIALIZATIONALLOCATED ROLES AND GOALS IN THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SET-OPMONEY ACCUMULATIONS AND INTERACTIONSGUARANTEES AND THE EXTENSION OF MONETARY INSTRUMENTS LIBERATED FROM UNIFIED RACKING AND ISSUANCE CONSTRAINTSMoney Guarantees and TrustNEW MONETARY AGGREGATES DEFINE EXTENDED CONCEPTS OF MONEYDESCRIPTION OF THE CURRENT OPERATIONAL SYSTEM: DISTINCTION RETWEEN NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL SYSTEMSTHE BANKING UNIONTHE OPERATIONAL SCOPE OF MONEY AND ITS OSELinguistic Definition of the Word "Money"WHAT CAN WE LEARN FROM ANCIENT AND MORE MODERN HISTORY?The Coordination of Goals Assigned to the G20MODELLING THE MONETARY WINDBAG ANALYSISMONETARY EVOLUTION BACKED BY ECONOMIC GROWTHThe Bank for International SettlementsThe Contemporary Basis for Money Expression: Accounting LedgersTOWARDS THE FULL LIBERATION OF MONEY FROM ANY REFERENTIALMonetary Effects of GuaranteesGOVERNMENTAL AND CENTRAL BANK MONETARY OPERATIONSThe Appraisal Spark Plug that Drives a Continued "Fair Value" CrisisThe Answer to HeterogeneityMONEY TODAYSocial Roles of Money: Transferable, Reserve or Bubble? How to Determine Sociological Thresholds from Different DimensionsA Trifunctional Monetary Support SystemA Metallic System Allowing Intrinsic Measurement Stamping: Ingots to CoinageThe New Nature of Money in Electronic limesNew Policies to Stabilize the Banking SystemBEFORE ACCOUNTING FOR ANY TRANSACTION – THE SAMPLING TOPIC. THE MIX UP BETWEEN NUMBERS AND FORMULAETHE EMERGENCE OF A NEW SEIGNORAGEDEVELOPMENT OF A GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKET ECONOMYThe World Trade OrganizationQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSSEIGNORAGE AND THE PRIVILEGE OF ISSUING AND STAMPING MONEYFrom the Known Money Multiplier through the Banking System to a New PerspectiveMONEY DEFINED BY ITS FUNCTIONALITYTransparency Effect and Risk of Centralization: The CCP ExampleACCEPTED CONCEPTS THAT COMPLEMENT TRADITIONAL MONETARY ANALYSIS – LIMITS AND EVOLUTIONCHARTER 1. From Antiquity to Modern limes; Monetary Development Over 5000 Years. What History Explains and Comparison within New ContextsQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSThe Monetary SystemLINKS BETWEEN MONETARY FUNCTIONSQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSA Tentative Formula: STD (Serval-Tranie-Douady)Spreading the Seignorage Rights between Chartered Financial Institutions Accepted to Trade Instruments and the Central Banks' Right to Drive ValuesThe Resulting BreakthroughARE CENTRAL RANKS PREREQUISITE INSTITUTIONS THAT SHOULD REMAIN INDEPENDENT FROM SOVEREIGN AUTHORITY?TroikaTHE MONETARY INTERACTION OF SYSTEMSWhat Information Will These New Aggregates Yield?A SINGLE WORLDWIDE LANGUAGE; ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL STATEMENTSResulting Needs for Standardization, Regulation and SupervisionFOLLOWING OP ON REGULATING MONEY ISSUANCE IN A CHANGED ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT. MONETARY SUPERVISION: AN ANCIENT QUESTIONTHE EXTENSION OF MONEY WITH DISINTERMEDIATIONThe Utility of M5 and M6 AggregatesTRADITIONAL REGULATORY MEASURES TO ENSURE RANKS' STABILITY LIMITSA New Aggregated Conceptual Approach Allowing Operational Transactions and Financial Ones to be ReconciledTHE GROWING ISSUES OF THE SIZE OF THE MONETARY ZONES – RESEARCH FOR OPTIMUMSegregation and Derived Aggregates: M5' and M6'MONEY ISSUANCE THROUGH CENTRAL BANK INTERVENTIONSQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSTHE INTRINSIC NEW CONCEPTUAL VIEWS ON MONEYSHADOW OR PARALLEL RANKING SYSTEMSTHE INSUFFICIENCIES OF THE CURRENT SYSTEM FOR SATISFYING INFORMATION NEEDSQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSGrounding the Guarantees of Stamping: From an All-Metallic System to Paper BillsThe Third Function: A ReserveThe General Monetary Policy on Both Sides: Reinforce Equity, Regulate Transparency – A Dead EndThe EU Answer to Inequalities
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