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A short course of lectures
«The monetary system»

AT THE CORE OF THE ISSUE: THE DEFINITION OF CURRENCYTHE CURRENT INTERNATIONAL SYSTEMThe Disputed Strategy: Addressing Macroeconomic ImbalancesLinguistic Definition of the Word "Money"THE INTRINSIC NEW CONCEPTUAL VIEWS ON MONEYOne Key Consequence of the New Set-up: The Final TrapDefinition of Aggregates and Functions UsedMonetary Effects of GuaranteesThe G20's Reasons to ExistThe Second Function: A Payment and Trading InstrumentARE CENTRAL RANKS PREREQUISITE INSTITUTIONS THAT SHOULD REMAIN INDEPENDENT FROM SOVEREIGN AUTHORITY?Past and 21st-Century Money AnalysisResulting Needs for Standardization, Regulation and SupervisionNEW HORIZONS CONCERNING EXCHANGES, TIME AND GUARANTEESValue ConsequenceQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSTOWARDS THE FULL LIBERATION OF MONEY FROM ANY REFERENTIALTHE EMERGENCE OF A NEW SEIGNORAGEMONEY DEFINED BY ITS FUNCTIONALITYTHE INTRINSIC DEFINITION OF MONEYThe Origin of SecuritizationMoney as a Measurement Instrument: The Need for StabilityEUROPE AND THE USAAcknowledgementsA New Aggregated Conceptual Approach Allowing Operational Transactions and Financial Ones to be ReconciledA SINGLE WORLDWIDE LANGUAGE; ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL STATEMENTSQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSDefining New Classes of Monetary Aggregates: M5 and M6Determining the Appropriate Amounts of AccumulationGUARANTEES ON RECEIVABLES: A SECURITIZATION MULTIPLIERCITIZENS EMERGING IN THE PROCESS OF FINANCIALIZATIONThe European Stability Mechanism and the European Central BankGUARANTEES AND THE EXTENSION OF MONETARY INSTRUMENTS LIBERATED FROM UNIFIED RACKING AND ISSUANCE CONSTRAINTSMONETARY REGULATION AND FOLLOW-UPA Trifunctional Monetary Support SystemGlossaryFROM A PRACTICAL POINT OF VIEW, WHAT ARE THE DATA LIMITATIONS FOR DETERMINING THE VALUES OF NEW MONETARY AGGREGATES?HOW TO GROUND TRUST IN MONEY: AUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR GOVERNMENT AND CENTRAL BANKSThe Consistency-Based Principle of BookkeepingThe General Monetary Policy on Both Sides: Reinforce Equity, Regulate Transparency – A Dead EndSocial Roles of Money: Transferable, Reserve or Bubble? How to Determine Sociological Thresholds from Different DimensionsThe Regulation and Observation Limits Already Accepted, Compared with the Realities of Modern ExchangesMONEY ISSUANCE THROUGH CENTRAL BANK INTERVENTIONSTRADITIONAL REGULATORY MEASURES TO ENSURE RANKS' STABILITY LIMITSTRADITIONAL MONETARY AGGREGATESTHE IMAGE PRESENTED BY FINANCIAL STATEMENTS INFLUENCES THE ANALYSIS OF ECONOMIC DATA AND TRANSACTIONAL EXCHANGESQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSBEFORE ACCOUNTING FOR ANY TRANSACTION – THE SAMPLING TOPIC. THE MIX UP BETWEEN NUMBERS AND FORMULAESHADOW OR PARALLEL RANKING SYSTEMSThe Implosion Risk of the Money TrapInception, Monopolies and Measurement Aggregates as Classical Mechanisms for Issuing MoneyQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSTRANSNATIONAL REALITIES ABOUT FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS' MARKETS AND SYSTEMIC RISK MEASUREMENTTHE FISCAL POLICY COORDINATION ISSUE COMPARED WITH THE USAMONEY TODAYNEW FORMS OF MONETARY EXCHANGETHE NECESSARY APPROACH IN ACCOUNTING: A HIERARCHY OF DANGEROUSNESSTransparency Effect and Risk of Centralization: The CCP ExampleBOOK BALANCES ARE EITHER MONEY OR POTENTIAL MONEYA Tentative Formula: STD (Serval-Tranie-Douady)Double-Entry ConsequenceDegrees of Contagion ("Interconnection")From the Known Money Multiplier through the Banking System to a New PerspectiveThe Third Function: A ReserveCOORDINATION ISSUES INSIDE THE E0R0Z0NE AS OPPOSED TO INTERNATIONALFOLLOWING OP ON REGULATING MONEY ISSUANCE IN A CHANGED ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT. MONETARY SUPERVISION: AN ANCIENT QUESTIONThe Modern Seignorage PrivilegeQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSMonetary Aggregates in Central BanksTime: A Different DimensionSHADOW BANKING IS DIFFERENT FROM VIRTUAL MONEYTHE DRIVING ROLE OF MONETARY VELOCITYThe Securitization Concept and Its ImplementationLINKS BETWEEN MONETARY FUNCTIONSACCEPTED CONCEPTS THAT COMPLEMENT TRADITIONAL MONETARY ANALYSIS – LIMITS AND EVOLUTIONTHE DEMISE OF TRADITIONAL CONCEPTUAL APPROACHESThe First Function: Price Setting – Money as a Measurement Standard-Based Source of InformationTHE INSUFFICIENCIES OF THE CURRENT SYSTEM FOR SATISFYING INFORMATION NEEDSNEW MONETARY AGGREGATES DEFINE EXTENDED CONCEPTS OF MONEYThe Contemporary Basis for Money Expression: Accounting LedgersThe Answer to HeterogeneitySpreading the Seignorage Rights between Chartered Financial Institutions Accepted to Trade Instruments and the Central Banks' Right to Drive ValuesDESCRIPTION OF THE CURRENT OPERATIONAL SYSTEM: DISTINCTION RETWEEN NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL SYSTEMSTHE ORIGIN OF MONEY; FROM ANTIQUITY TO MODERN TIMESM5/M6 and their Derivatives M5'/MG': Determining Definitions and UsesREPLACEMENT OF BANK LOAN FINANCING BY SECURITIZATION AND THE IMPACT OF PRO-CYCLICAL EFFECTSQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSThe Coordination of Goals Assigned to the G20The EU Answer to InequalitiesSegregation and Derived Aggregates: M5' and M6'Social Time and AnticipationTHE MONETARY INTERACTION OF SYSTEMSTHE INVESTMENT MULTIPLIERWHAT CAN WE LEARN FROM ANCIENT AND MORE MODERN HISTORY?QUESTIONS AND ANSWERSGOVERNMENTAL AND CENTRAL BANK MONETARY OPERATIONSThe "Double-Posting" PrincipleALLOCATED ROLES AND GOALS IN THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SET-OPLegal Tender and SeignorageG5 to G20A Metallic System Allowing Intrinsic Measurement Stamping: Ingots to CoinageFrom Excessive Accumulation Derives Non-level Playing FieldsThe International Set-upDEVELOPMENT OF A GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKET ECONOMYGrounding the Guarantees of Stamping: From an All-Metallic System to Paper BillsMODELLING THE MONETARY WINDBAG ANALYSISThe Bank for International SettlementsA Need for Mathematical ApproachesWHERE MISLEADING STANDARDS GENERATE DISTORTED IMAGES Valuation Incertitude in Accounting StandardsThe International Monetary FundMICRO- AND MACRO-PRUDENTIAL SURVEILLANCE AGENCIES' FRAMEWORKToday's International Situation and IssuesThe Utility of M5 and M6 AggregatesTHE OPERATIONAL SCOPE OF MONEY AND ITS OSEWhat Information Will These New Aggregates Yield?The RealitiesTraditional Seignorage in GeneralDEVIATIONS FROM EFFECTIVE RISK CONTROL: THE CDS CASEQUESTIONS AND ANSWERSSpeed Efficiency, Risks and Market SwitchesThe World Trade OrganizationINTERNATIONAL COORDINATIONRedefining the Monetary System and Measurements of Monetary Flow – Towards M5 and M6Causes Underlying Emerging Macroeconomic RealitiesMONETARY ASPECTS OF FINANCIAL STATEIVENTSModern limes – Liberation and Growth of the Money Supply. The Facts Presented in Monetary Units and Resulting Regulatory NeedsHandling the Social Obstacles of Monetary UnificationDirect Financing and Hedging of RiskMONEY ACCUMULATIONS AND INTERACTIONSDIRECT SYSTEMATIC IMPACT OF ACCOUNTING STANDARDSEXTENDING THE FIELD OF DEDTS AND GUARANTEESTHE BANKING UNIONINTERNATIONAL EXCHANGES – INTERACTIONS AND MONETARY ZONE COHERENCEThe Monetary SystemSEIGNORAGE AND THE PRIVILEGE OF ISSUING AND STAMPING MONEYCONCEPTS AND RULES TO REPORT EXCHANGES AND DETERMINE THE IMAGE OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTSResilient Open Questions in a New EnvironmentCONSEQUENCES OF THE BASIC ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLESLegal Segregation between Different Types of Money, Depending on Underlying Guarantees and TransferabilityMoney Guarantees and TrustSTABILITY AND GUARANTEESTHE PRESENT-DAY NON-UTILITY OF CLASSICAL AGGREGATESTHE NEW ENVIRONMENT: BROADENING THE DEFINITION OF CURRENCYGENERAL FRAMEWORKMONETARY EVOLUTION BACKED BY ECONOMIC GROWTHA RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF CLASSIC MONEY IN OPERATIONTHE RISE AND FALL OF CIVILIZATIONSThe New Nature of Money in Electronic limesTHE PARADOX OF AVAILABILITY OF MONEY MASSES AS A POLICY TOOL FOR THEIR HOLDERSDEFINING "TODAY'S MONEY"THE GROWING ISSUES OF THE SIZE OF THE MONETARY ZONES – RESEARCH FOR OPTIMUMINTERNATIONAL MICROECONOMIC REGULATION COORDINATION SPECIFICSThe Fair Value Conceptual Mistake Contributes to Instability and DistrustDEFINING NEW MONEY – THE DIFFERENCE DETWEEN SHADOW RANKING MONEY, VIRTUAL MONEY AND THE NEW AGGREGATESThe Resulting BreakthroughTHE EXTENSION OF MONEY WITH DISINTERMEDIATIONSecuritization Financing via Trust-Derived "Shadow Capital" Originating from Retirement Accounts, Direct Savings and Trade DeficitsCHARTER 1. From Antiquity to Modern limes; Monetary Development Over 5000 Years. What History Explains and Comparison within New ContextsDebt versus Equity Instruments: The Need for Big DataWhat is the Conceptual Essence of Contractual Money, Constraints and Implications?QUESTIONS AND ANSWERSNew Policies to Stabilize the Banking SystemTroikaThe Appraisal Spark Plug that Drives a Continued "Fair Value" CrisisEVOLUTION OF MONEY INTO A SEGREGATED INTERMEDIATION TOOL WITH IMPRECISE FRONTIERSThe US Answer to InequalitiesThe World Bank Group
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