The certainty in uncertainty

As we have already mentioned, since the beginning of time, the human being has sought certainty, even without being aware of it. Whether it is moved into reality as an incontrovertible source of truth; or placed in the configuration of the observer as a datum that determines reality in language; or whether a method is formulated and used to prove what the hypothesis states, the problem of certainty has always prevailed.

Before epistemologies, theories, and even Weltanschauung, the important thing was to come to terms with the need for certainty. It is not our intention to examine in depth the reason for this need — is it an indication of a constitutional weakness? Is it the expression of inner vacuity? Is it the result of centuries and centuries of delegation to an authority, whether divine or simply supplementary? What is important is to bring it into sharp focus.

Certainty is the attitude of the researcher whose ideas and experiments are shaped upstream as displaying ‘truth’; nowadays, everyone agrees that the complicated or complex aspects of research are never the final, absolute outcome in the knowledge of the real. However, if we move beyond the fear of uncertainty, then we can glimpse that reality exists, but the ‘cogito’ is a slow process and there is no need for a method to select the variables.

What is required is to conciliate research with opening. Opening in this case indicates uncertainty. Being ‘open’ is a difficult forma mentis to acquire. It is possible to go beyond the certainty placed in the object or in the observer, and to succeed in conciliating and keeping together the certainty of a single experiment, as well as the uncertainty of the process of knowledge. This appears to be a paradox: how to be certain in uncertainty? Yet, if we change perspective, the uncertainty of knowledge can be accepted as a datum by the human being, and being uncertain can rest on the process of development and on constant research.

There is a way to clarify the process of certainty in uncertainty, a way that goes beyond theories, epistemologies, and Weltanschauung: thinking of the human being as being certain in their uncertainty, and being supported only by the certainty that their point of view is only one point of view, one of many that are present or that will come. It is not the answers that matter, but the questions, and the process leads to many answers.

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