Pakistan’s National Security Approach and Post-Cold War Security: Uneasy Co-existence

IntroductionResearch methodologyLimitations of this studyStructure of the bookNotesReferencesA conceptual overview of the national security stateThe emergence of the concept of national security1Unpacking the idea of the national security stateThe military-industrial complex: the hub of the national security’ stateKey features of the US national security state modelThe national security state and the post-Cold War eraNoteReferencesThe evolution of Pakistan’s national security state during the Cold War eraPakistan’s national security orientation after independence1The militarization of Pakistan: the evolution of Pakistan’s national security state5Pakistan’s military-industrial complexFall of Dhaka in 1971: the impact onPakistan’s national security approachGeneral Zia’s dictatorial regime, Islamization, and Pakistan’s military-centric national security approachThe advent of ISI as a key player: the Afghan War in the 1980s8An assessment of Pakistan’s Cold War national security state10NotesReferencesPakistan’s military-centred national security approach and the post-Cold War eraThe security situation in South Asia in the post-Cold War eraDomestic politics and the extension of Pakistan’s national security stateMusharraf’s dictatorial regime and the intensification of Pakistan’s state-centric national security approachThe post-Musharraf era: democratization inPakistan and the national security stateNoteReferencesThe long shadow of Pakistan’s military-centred national security approachThe case of the Kashmir dispute 1989-2001The emergence of the peace process in the 1980sThe Kashmir uprising: interruption of the peace processThe India-Pakistan crisis in the 1990s:Pakistan’s proxy war in KashmirThe faltering India-Pakistan peace process in the 1990sThe 1999 Kargil War in KashmirThe causal relationship between Pakistan’s national security state and the deteriorating security environment during the 1990sNotesReferencesThe American war on terror and its new relationship with PakistanPakistan’s Response to the Global War on TerrorPakistan’s Strategic Considerations and Pakistan-US RelationsPakistan-Afghanistan Relations vis-à-vis IndiaPakistan’s Successes and Failures in the Global War on TerrorReferencesExplaining Pakistan’s strategic limitationsStructural issues facing Islamabad’s national security statePakistan’s military-industrial complexLinkages between the military-industrial complex and Pakistan’s national security shortfallsThe dynamics of self-interest and conflictThe opportunity costs of Pakistan’s national security state: the lost decade of the 1990sNotesReferencesConclusionPakistan - global peace indexPrimary field research questionnaireList of intervieweesAWT list of companiesSimla Agreement 2 July 1972Lahore Declaration February, 1999Timeline of Afghan displacements intoThe 13th amendment of Pakistan’s constitution in 1997National assembly general election results in 2002Provincial assembly general election results in 2002UN security council resolution over Kashmir conflict in April 1948Extracts from the 18th amendment of Pakistan’s constitution in 2010 related to Pakistan’s national security state
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