Re-Interrogating Civil Society in South Asia: Critical Perspectives from India, Pakistan and Banglad

Dissemination of civil society in South Asia: Introductory considerationsThe concept of civil society in South AsiaRecent changes in civil societyThe South Asian settingNew threads in the role of civil society in South AsiaContentsNotesReferencesI: Multifaceted and local civil societies in Pakistan, India and BangladeshBuilding civil society in colonial India during the long nineteenth centuryCivil society in India: What is it and where is it going?Civil society: definitional conundrumsEvolution of civil society in IndiaSocial movementsCivil society organizations/non-governmental organizations (NGOs)Civil society in India: recent trends in the NGO sectorShrinking spaces? Challenges before Indian civil societyConclusionNotesReferencesClearing misconceptions about civil society in PakistanCivil society in PakistanIntroduction of civil society in perspectiveHistorical backgroundExisting laws for registration of NGOsThe state of NGOs/civil society organizations 1956–2013The state of NGOs/INGOs/civil society during the PML-N (2013–2018) and PTI (2018–) governmentsCivil society on social mediaConclusionNotesReferencesInterviewsCivil society, human rights and political antagonism in BangladeshThe state and NGOs: a perspectiveThe wider political terrainThe landscape of NGOs: the horizons of deliveryHuman rights organizations: the ‘radical ‘reformersLaws and politicsThe consequences of dissentConclusionNotesReferencesII: Civil society’s multiple hues and rolesThieves and khoji s in a non-state, collectivist system of justice under transformation : An example from a village of Southern Punjab, PakistanSystems of justice: relational collectivism and individualismRelational collectivismIndividualismInteraction between individual and relational-collective systems of justice, parallel use of plural systemsBackground: thieves and their imageLearning the tradeHousebreakers, grain thieves and cattle rustlersCattle rustling, individualism and relational collectivismKhojis: trackers of thievesDifference between experienced and inexperienced thievesHow the khoji art is learntChanging scenario of the villagesIntroduction to overall changesChanges in panchayatsConcluding commentsNotesReferencesDilemmas facing civil society institutions in Pakistan: A case for organized labourThe paradigm of the labour movementHistorical ideological contextLabour policies under different regimesFuture trajectories of labour policies and implementing lawsConcluding remarks and challengesNotesReferencesBureaucratic empowerment as a tool for reproduction of inequalitiesBureaucratized empowerment in practiceHow did we get there? Consequences of economic liberalizationClass mattersNotesReferencesThe historyPublished materialsBackdropSituating the ‘us’Why WF?IdeologyActionStudent wingFactory workChildren’s literacy schoolFlood reliefNewsletterCultural eventsCo-operation with other groupsQuirksWhere did it go?ImpactNotesReferencesThe Women’s Action Forum, Pakistan: Ideology and functioningI – Ideological choicesDemocracy versus dictatorshipSecular and inclusive state versus a state defined by religionII – Principles of functioningNon-hierarchical functioning and democratic inclusionNon-partisan/non-political affiliationRejection of external fundingThe future of the Women’s Action Forum: critical questionsPostscriptNotesBibliographyBackgroundLiteraturePolitical aspects of madrasasAhl e-Hadith, Markaz al-Taiba in Muridke and Markaz Qadsia at Chowburji in LahoreDeobandJa’afri Shi’a IslamBarelviJama’at IslamiOther cases of collaboration and formalized networks between the maslak sSummaryPerspectives for the futureNotesReferencesStriving for space in Pakistan under COVID-19I: religious factionsII: tension between the state and civil society groupsRegulation of NGOsLaws and policies introduced in last two decadesCivil society under COVID-19ConclusionNotesReferencesArchival sourcesNewspapers and weekly magazinesIII: Civil mobilization among ethnic and linguistic minoritiesThe chaptersNoteReferencesThe organization of the writers’ community as a linguistic minority : The Santal tribeApproaches to civil societyThe Santali writersExamples of Santali writers as addressing a public sphereAssociational lifeExamples of government regulation interference with the public sphereNotesReferencesImagining Santal rationality as empowermentThe development of Santal ideas about surplus and wealthFrom social critic to the idea of rationality of actionFieldwork evaluation 9Indigenous knowledgeContexts of experience and the emergence of a rational actorHow do men experience innovation?Why social knowledge proves a failureValue-oriented rationality and women’s agencyWomen as ritual actorsConsumption, redistribution and the ambiguous giftWomen’s rights and women’s agencyWomen’s agency and literacyConclusionNotesReferencesSantals : Language, lyricism, emotions and identitySantali language and a history of the creation of its scriptA brief ethnographic note on the SantalsThe spoken word and sung tunes: resonances in the heartOrality against the trajectory of modernity in Santal societyNotesReferences
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