Hidden Markets: Public Policy and the Push to Privatize Education

Free Market as an Inherent Good in EducationTechnology as an Inherent GoodNatural Disasters as Education Market OpportunitiesOvert Racism in the Street and HiddenRacism in PrivatizationAnti-trust, Tech Giants and Public SchoolsTRENDS AND ORIGINS The New PrivatizationUnderlying IdeologiesPrivatization and EducationThe Market Model and Federal Education PolicySecond-Layer PoliciesUnderstanding the New PrivatizationCritical Studies of Education MarketsNew Roles, Harmful EffectsPolitical Dynamics and Market ModelsPresent DangersWhat does the New Institutionalism have to do with it?Processes of InstitutionalizationIsomorphism and For-Profit FirmsPolicy Processes and Organizational FieldsField EffectsConclusionINSIDE THE MARKETEducation Industry AssociationFrom EMO to Specialty ProviderMarket SegmentsTest Development and PreparationData Analysis and ManagementMandated Remedial ServicesOnline ContentThe Ties that BindPrivatization and the InternetOpaque DevelopmentsNew RolesMoney for MarketingFuture RisksConclusionPRIVATIZATION AND ITS INTERMEDIARIESOfficials Turned ContractorsReinvented AssociationsHybrid Forms and FundsResearch RetailConclusionSHADOW PRIVATIZATION Local Experiences with Supplemental Education ServicesEmerging MarketLarge Firms BenefitMergers and AcquisitionsTargeting States with the Greatest RevenuesBarriers to Entry for Small FirmsThe Limits on GovernmentPolicy HandcuffsGray AreasThe Ground View: SES in Local ContextConclusionINVISIBLE INFLUENCES For-Profit Firms and Virtual Charter SchoolsDouble Drivers: Technology and Federal PolicyThe Financial Benefits of TechnologyFederal Policy SupportEmerging TensionsFor-Profit Firms and Virtual Schools in Local ContextConclusionIN THE INTERSTICES Benchmark Assessments, District Contracts, and NCLB1Benchmark Assessment SystemsWhat Districts are Buying?Pressures to BuyMany Suppliers, No Monopoly YetCost of SystemsInformation GapBenchmark Assessment Systems in a Local ContextConclusionOUT FROM THE SHADOWS Contracts for Remote Digital InstructionFraming IdeasNo Child Left Behind and Expanding Corporate Role in Public InstructionImpacts on Students' Opportunities to Learn3Hiring DecisionsPushing BackWORKING FOR TRANSPARENCYTheory in UsePublic and PrivateReproducing Problematic PracticesContradictions and OpeningsLasting ResourcesFuture WorkPolicy Problems and PossibilitiesProfits and EquityLack of TransparencyPrivate Uses of Public PolicyUneven Political InfluenceNiche Marketing to the PoorCriteria for Strengthening Accountability for Private Firms8Risks of Unregulated New Education PrivatizationConclusionAPPENDIX A: RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGYMethodology and PerspectiveResearcher RolesKey Components of Data Gathering and AnalysisConclusionAPPENDIX B: NEW PRIVATIZATION TRENDS AND QUESTIONS CONJOINEDAPPENDIX C: CHARACTERISTIC COMPANIESNOTESAppendix A
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