Appendix 4 Characteristics of top ten highest tariff products in China and the U.S. in 20002014
Country 
Year 
HS code 
A verage tariff (%) 
Classification by ВЕС 
Classification by elasticity of substitution 
China 
2000 
4 
36.77 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2000 
8 
30.09 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2000 
10 
54.38 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2000 
11 
44.53 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2000 
15 
40.52 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2000 
17 
42.88 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2000 
21 
39.77 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2000 
22 
56.79 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2000 
24 
56.67 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2000 
87 
35.00 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2001 
4 
33.11 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2001 
8 
28.42 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2001 
10 
54.34 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2001 
11 
43.48 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2001 
15 
39.22 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2001 
17 
41.88 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2001 
21 
37.06 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2001 
22 
51.88 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2001 
24 
49.33 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2001 
87 
31.42 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2002 
4 
23.82 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2002 
8 
23.24 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2002 
10 
33.69 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
Country 
Year 
HS code 
A verage tariff (%) 
Classification by ВЕС 
Classification by elasticity of substitution 
China 
2002 
11 
30.04 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2002 
17 
33.55 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2002 
20 
22.81 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2002 
21 
29.35 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2002 
22 
38.76 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2002 
24 
39.33 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2002 
87 
23.64 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2003 
8 
21.08 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2003 
10 
32.08 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2003 
11 
27.88 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2003 
17 
30.35 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2003 
20 
21.28 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2003 
21 
26.07 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2003 
22 
31.89 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2003 
24 
34.44 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2003 
37 
21.31 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2003 
67 
21.50 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2004 
10 
32.03 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2004 
11 
26.83 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2004 
17 
29.25 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2004 
19 
19.80 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2004 
20 
19.82 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2004 
21 
22.78 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2004 
22 
26.68 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
Country 
Year 
HS code 
A verage tariff (%) 
Classification by ВЕС 
Classification by elasticity of substitution 
China 
2004 
24 
30.67 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2004 
37 
21.00 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2004 
67 
21.50 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2005 
11 
20.39 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2005 
17 
23.00 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2005 
19 
19.41 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2005 
20 
19.69 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2005 
21 
22.36 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2005 
22 
22.93 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2005 
24 
30.67 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2005 
64 
19.66 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2005 
67 
21.45 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2005 
96 
19.77 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2006 
10 
30.47 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2006 
11 
25.71 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2006 
17 
27.38 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2006 
20 
19.70 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2006 
21 
22.54 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2006 
22 
22.82 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2006 
24 
28.78 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2006 
64 
19.66 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2006 
67 
21.50 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2006 
96 
19.78 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2007 
10 
30.47 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
Country 
Year 
HS code 
A verage tariff (%) 
Classification by ВЕС 
Classification by elasticity of substitution 
China 
2007 
11 
26.03 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2007 
17 
27.38 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2007 
20 
19.70 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2007 
21 
22.54 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2007 
22 
22.72 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2007 
24 
30.67 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2007 
67 
21.50 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2007 
92 
19.64 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2007 
96 
19.68 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2008 
10 
30.47 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2008 
11 
26.03 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2008 
17 
27.38 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2008 
20 
19.68 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2008 
21 
20.66 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2008 
22 
22.61 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2008 
24 
30.67 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2008 
67 
21.50 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2008 
92 
19.64 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2008 
96 
19.36 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2009 
10 
30.47 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2009 
11 
26.03 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2009 
17 
27.38 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2009 
20 
19.69 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2009 
21 
21.91 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
Country 
Year 
HS code 
A verage tariff (%) 
Classification by ВЕС 
Classification by elasticity of substitution 
China 
2009 
22 
22.51 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2009 
24 
30.67 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2009 
64 
19.15 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2009 
67 
21.50 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2009 
96 
19.36 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2010 
10 
30.47 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2010 
11 
26.03 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2010 
17 
27.38 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2010 
20 
19.72 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2010 
21 
22.41 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2010 
22 
21.27 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2010 
24 
30.67 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2010 
64 
19.15 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2010 
67 
21.50 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2010 
96 
19.36 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2011 
10 
30.47 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2011 
11 
26.03 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2011 
17 
27.38 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2011 
20 
19.72 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2011 
21 
22.41 
Final good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
China 
2011 
22 
21.27 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2011 
24 
30.67 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2011 
64 
19.15 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
China 
2011 
67 
21.50 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
Country 
Year 
HS code 
A verage tariff (%) 
Classification by ВЕС 
Classification by elasticity of substitution 

China 
2011 
96 
19.38 
Final good 
Low elasticity substitution 
of 
China 
2014 
11 
21.38 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity substitution 
of 
China 
2014 
17 
23.00 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
China 
2014 
19 
18.82 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
China 
2014 
20 
19.59 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
China 
2014 
21 
21.48 
Final good 
Low elasticity substitution 
of 
China 
2014 
22 
21.05 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
China 
2014 
24 
29.72 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
China 
2014 
64 
19.32 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
China 
2014 
67 
21.45 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity substitution 
of 
China 
2014 
96 
19.34 
Final good 
Low elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2000 
4 
12.66 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2000 
20 
10.64 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2000 
24 
204.17 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2000 
54 
11.29 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2000 
55 
11.88 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2000 
58 
10.21 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2000 
60 
11.97 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2000 
61 
13.71 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2000 
62 
10.75 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2000 
64 
12.26 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2001 
4 
12.66 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2001 
20 
10.64 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2001 
24 
204.17 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
Country 
Year 
HS code 
A verage tariff (%) 
Classification by ВЕС 
Classification by elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2001 
54 
11.03 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2001 
55 
11.51 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2001 
58 
9.75 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2001 
60 
11.61 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2001 
61 
13.40 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2001 
62 
10.53 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2001 
64 
12.26 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2002 
4 
12.66 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2002 
12 
10.02 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2002 
20 
10.91 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2002 
24 
204.17 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2002 
54 
10.76 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2002 
55 
11.17 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2002 
60 
11.41 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2002 
61 
13.15 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2002 
62 
10.32 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2002 
64 
12.25 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2003 
4 
12.66 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2003 
12 
10.03 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2003 
20 
10.83 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2003 
24 
204.17 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2003 
54 
10.49 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2003 
55 
10.81 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2003 
60 
11.03 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
Country 
Year 
HS code 
A verage tariff (%) 
Classification by ВЕС 
Classification by elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2003 
61 
12.85 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2003 
62 
10.12 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2003 
64 
12.25 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2004 
4 
12.66 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2004 
12 
10.03 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2004 
20 
10.83 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2004 
24 
204.17 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2004 
54 
10.18 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2004 
55 
10.77 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2004 
60 
10.66 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2004 
61 
12.54 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2004 
62 
10.01 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2004 
64 
12.24 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2005 
4 
12.66 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2005 
12 
10.03 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2005 
20 
10.83 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2005 
24 
204.17 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2005 
54 
10.18 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2005 
55 
10.77 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2005 
60 
10.66 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2005 
61 
12.54 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2005 
62 
10.01 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2005 
64 
12.24 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2006 
4 
12.66 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
Country 
Year 
HS code 
A verage tariff (%) 
Classification by ВЕС 
Classification by elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2006 
12 
10.03 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2006 
20 
10.83 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2006 
24 
204.17 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2006 
54 
10.18 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2006 
55 
10.77 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2006 
60 
10.66 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2006 
61 
12.54 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2006 
62 
10.01 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2006 
64 
12.24 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2007 
4 
12.29 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2007 
12 
13.08 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2007 
20 
11.57 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2007 
24 
204.98 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2007 
54 
10.31 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2007 
55 
10.62 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2007 
60 
10.70 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2007 
61 
12.78 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2007 
62 
10.08 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2007 
64 
11.11 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2008 
4 
12.66 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2008 
12 
13.08 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2008 
20 
10.82 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2008 
24 
204.17 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2008 
54 
10.31 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
Country 
Year 
HS code 
A verage tariff (%) 
Classification by ВЕС 
Classification by elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2008 
55 
10.62 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2008 
60 
10.70 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2008 
61 
12.78 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2008 
62 
10.08 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2008 
64 
11.11 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2009 
4 
12.66 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2009 
12 
13.08 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2009 
20 
10.82 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2009 
24 
204.17 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2009 
54 
10.31 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2009 
55 
10.62 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2009 
60 
10.70 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2009 
61 
12.78 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2009 
62 
10.08 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2009 
64 
11.11 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2010 
4 
12.66 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2010 
12 
13.08 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2010 
20 
10.82 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2010 
24 
204.17 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2010 
54 
10.31 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2010 
55 
10.62 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2010 
60 
10.70 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2010 
61 
12.78 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2010 
62 
10.08 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
Country 
Year 
HS code 
A verage tariff (%) 
Classification by ВЕС 
Classification by elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2010 
64 
11.11 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2011 
4 
12.66 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2011 
12 
13.08 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2011 
20 
10.82 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2011 
24 
204.17 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2011 
54 
10.31 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2011 
55 
10.62 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2011 
60 
10.70 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2011 
61 
12.78 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2011 
62 
10.08 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2011 
64 
11.11 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2012 
4 
12.66 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2012 
12 
10.55 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2012 
20 
11.17 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2012 
24 
204.17 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2012 
54 
10.31 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2012 
55 
10.62 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2012 
60 
10.70 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2012 
61 
12.78 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2012 
62 
10.08 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2012 
64 
10.49 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2013 
4 
12.66 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2013 
12 
10.55 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity of substitution 
U.S. 
2013 
20 
10.79 
Final good 
High elasticity of substitution 
Appendix 4 (Continued)
Country 
Year 
HS code 
A verage tariff (%) 
Classification by ВЕС 
Classification by elasticity of substitution 

U.S. 
2013 
24 
204.17 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2013 
54 
10.31 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2013 
55 
10.62 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2013 
60 
10.70 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2013 
61 
12.78 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2013 
62 
10.08 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2013 
64 
10.49 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2014 
4 
12.66 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2014 
12 
10.55 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2014 
20 
10.79 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2014 
24 
204.17 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2014 
54 
10.31 
Intermediate good 
Low elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2014 
55 
10.62 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2014 
60 
10.70 
Intermediate good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2014 
61 
12.78 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2014 
62 
10.08 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
U.S. 
2014 
64 
10.49 
Final good 
High elasticity substitution 
of 
Note: the ВЕС classification and concordance of BECHS1996 can be accessed via https://wits.worldbank. org/product_concordance.html, and data of elasticity of substitution is obtained from Broda and Weinstein (2006). A product is classified to the High Group if its elasticity of substitution is higher than the average level, to the Low otherwise.