Construct of organizational learning structure model

Research purpose

To further explore the structure of organizational learning of Chinese companies, we conducted a large-scale survey with the 37-item questionnaire finalized after the pre-test, and we analyzed the survey data through multivariate statistical analysis.

Methodology

Subjects

A total of 1800 questionnaires were distributed to 43 companies in nine cities (Beijing, Guangzhou. Qingdao, Shanghai, Jinan, Yantai, Chengdu, Shijiazhuang and Tangshan), and 982 valid questionnaires were recovered, with an effective rate of 55%. A total of 614 questionnaires from 80% of the top 33 companies were randomly selected for exploratory factor analysis. The basic information of the subjects is shown in Table 2.1.

Table 2.1 Basic information of the subjects (N =614)

Variable

Category

Number

Percentage

Nature of company

State-owned companies

375

61.1

Private companies

117

19.1

Companies in three forms of ventures—Sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative business and exclusively foreign-funded company

63

10.3

Other

59

9.6

Scale of company

50-99

43

7.0

100-499

190

30.9

500-999

56

9.1

1000-1999

127

20.7

2000-4999

62

10.1

Above 5000

136

22.1

Development stage of company

Start-up

38

6.2

Growing

225

36.6

Mature

123

20.0

Re-innovation

228

37.1

Position

General staff

386

62.9

Front-line managers

136

22.1

Middle-level management

68

11.1

Senior management

11

1.8

None

13

2.1

Level of literacy

Middle school

44

7.2

Junior college

202

32.9

Undergraduate college

304

49.5

Master

48

7.8

Doctor

2

0.3

None

14

2.3

Measure

The 37-item organizational learning questionnaire was put into use. We use the Likert five-point scale to measure and evaluate the learning behaviors of different levels of companies from "1—completely inconsistent” to "5—completely consistent” in ascending order, which are: "completely inconsistent,” "relatively inconsistent ” “not sure,” "relatively consistent” and "completely consistent” respectively.

Statistical method

We adopted SPSS 10.0 for the explorative factor analysis and other analysis.

Research procedure

All investigations were completed in a relatively concentrated period of time. In some of the investigations, investigators answered specific questions on the spot; proxy investigators were also hired to conduct some investigations, and the procedures and precautions were made clear to them beforehand. It was required that the investigated employees should come from multiple departments at all levels of a company, and an average of 40 employees in each company were interviewed. The respondents did not need to provide their names and company, and only the investigators needed to know the name of the company.

 
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