Results and analysis
Results of confirmatory factor analysis
The x^{2}/df and RMSEA indexes in Table 2.4 render Model 1, which views organizational learning as a singlefactor structure, and Model 2, which distinguishes interorganizational learning from other learning, unacceptable. Models 3, 4, 5 and 6 are acceptable, and the measurement indexes x^{2}/dfi NFI, IFI, TLI, CFI and RMSEA increase gradually. In addition, it can be seen from Table 2.5 that Models 3, 4 and 5 represent different perspectives and standards, but from the data fit point of view, the sixfactor model is the optimal model, and this conclusion dovetails with the theoretical hypotheses of this study.
In addition, the evaluation index of measurement model also includes the loading of each explicit variable on latent variable and the loading on error. The results of the sixfactor model are shown in Table 2.6. It can be seen that the loading of each item and factor is higher, and the loading on error (error loading) is lower, which indicates that the interpretation rate of each item to the corresponding latent variable is relatively high with small error.
The preceding has proven that through explorative factor analysis, this study obtained a sixfactor structure model for the organizational learning of Chinese companies. Building on this, we verified the sixfactor model through confirmatory factor analysis and reached the conclusion that sixfactor model is indeed the ideal model for Chinese companies’ organizational learning.
Table 2.4 Comparison of various models
X 

x'/df 
NFI 
IFI 
TLI 
CFI 
PNFI 
RMSEA 

Model 0 
26,412.6 
435 
60.72 

Model 1 
32,309.7 
435 
74.28 
0.960 
0.971 
0.967 
0.971 
0.832 
0.081 
Model 2 
32,309.7 
435 
74.28 
0.961 
0.955 
0.968 
0.973 
0.831 
0.080 
Model 3 
1067.7 
376 
2.84 
0.960 
0.973 
0.969 
0.973 
0.829 
0.078 
Model 4 
1001.5 
374 
2.68 
0.962 
0.976 
0.972 
0.976 
0.827 
0.075 
Model 5 
951.2 
376 
2.53 
0.964 
0.978 
0.974 
0.978 
0.833 
0.072 
Model 6 
651.2 
362 
1.79 
0.975 
0.989 
0.987 
0.989 
0.812 
0.052 
Note. Model 1 refers to a singlefactor model; Model 2 is a twofactor model composed of mter orgamzational leammg and other learning; Model 3 refers to a twofactor model composed of learning levels and information or knowledge flow; Model 4 refers to a threefactor model composed of three levels within an organization, interorganizational learning and information or knowledge flow; Model 5 refers to a twofactor model composed of individual leammg and collective level learning; and Model 6 refers to the sixfactor model.
Table 2.5 Test of the model fitting difference
Comparing model 

Model 6Model 3 
416.5 
14 
29.75** 
Model 6Model 4 
350.3 
12 
29.19** 
Model 6Model 5 
300 
14 
21.43** 
** /><0.01
Note: When df = 12. the critical value ofp < 0 01 is x^{1} = 26.2; When df= 14, the critical value ofp< 0.01 is x^{2} = 29.1.
Table 2.6 Loading of latent variables on explicit variables and error variables of sixfactor model
Individual learning 
Collective learning 
Organizational learning 

Item 
Load 
Error load 
Item 
Load 
Error load 
Item 
Load 
Error load 
3 
0.631 
0.1398 
30 
0.534 
0.285 
12 
0.629 
0.396 
8 
0.704 
0.495 
21 
0.562 
0.315 
15 
0.724 
0.524 
16 
0.621 
0.386 
13 
0.624 
0.389 
33 
0.613 
0.376 
1 
0.531 
0.282 
28 
0.554 
0.307 
27 
0.684 
0.468 
11 
0.740 
0.548 
4 
0.590 
0.348 

6 
0.493 
0.243 

25 
0.643 
0.413 
9 
0.759 
0.576 
35 
0.612 
0.374 
29 
0.637 
0.406 
7 
0.716 
0.512 
24 
0.739 
0.546 
5 
0.527 
0.278 
10 
0.710 
0.505 
20 
0.740 
0.547 
17 
0.497 
0.247 
19 
0.613 
0.375 
34 
0.598 
0.357 
37 
0.582 
0.338 

23 
0.661 
0.437 