Civil Society Organizations

(See also Nongovernmental Organizations.) The World Bank Group interacts with thousands of country, regional, and global civil society organizations (CSOs) throughout the world. These CSOs include nongovernmental organizations, trade unions, faith-based organizations, indigenous peoples' organizations, foundations, and many others. These interactions range from CSOs that critically monitor the Bank's work and engage the Bank Group in policy discussions to those that actively collaborate with the Bank in operational activities. There are many examples of active partnerships in the areas of forest conservation, AIDS vaccines, rural poverty, microcredit, and Internet development.

Classification of Countries

Several designations for member countries commonly used by the World Bank Group reflect important distinctions among them. Although the meanings of the terms overlap—and they are all based on wealth—they are not interchangeable.

Low-Income, Middle-Income, and High-Income Economies

In its analytical and operational work, the Bank Group characterizes country economies as low income, middle income (subdivided into lower-middle income and upper-middle income), and high income. It makes these classifications for most nonsovereign territories as well as for independent countries. Low-income and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies.

In fiscal 2015, low-income economies are defined as those with a gross national income (GNI) per capita, calculated using the World Bank Atlas method, of $1,045 or less in 2013; middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $1,045 but less than $12,746; high-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,746 or more. Lower-middle-income and upper-middle-income economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $4,125. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status.

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