Afro-European partnership for counterterrorism and counterinsurgency in Africa

Felix Oludare Ajiola and Olawale Taofeeq Lawal

Introduction

Terrorism and insurgency in Africa have assumed a new dimension in scope and operation and pose serious security challenges for Africa and the world at large. The quantum destruction of lives and properties witnessed in recent times in countries such as Nigeria, Somalia, Libya, Egypt, Kenya, Mali, Sudan, and South-Sudan to mention. Still, a tew called for more international and regional cooperation and collaboration in countering terrorism and insurgency for the attainment of regional and global peace and security. The three terrorist groups in Africa; Alshabaab, Boko-Haram and the Islamic brotherhood in North Africa, which is linked to Al- Quaeda terrorist organisation have undergone a significant transformation by extending their ideological scope and territorial base. They have become global terrorist organisations by their allegiance with the international terrorist groups such as Al-Qmiedn and Islamic State in Syria (ISIS). Their scope now spanned beyond the continent of Africa; they are now globally based. The chapter examines the partnership and other efforts of the European Union in countering terrorism and insurgency in Africa.1 It discusses terrorism and insurgency and identifies the driving force behind its spread. Terrorism and insurgency constitute an enormous threat to national, regional, and global peace and security. These crises in many African countries are caused by globalisation, the rise of Islamic radicalism and militancy, ethnic-religious animosities, and principally failed governance and economic structures. There is a need for a more concentrated EU as well as other international and regional cooperation and commitment in countering and flattening the tone and tenor of terrorism in Africa.

The 21st century has witnessed the proliferation of Islamic terrorism across the world. The terrorist organisations such as the ISIS, Al-Qaeda, Al-Shabaab, Boko-Haram and other emerging Islamic fundamentalists across the globe are a threat to world peace and security. The spread of these terrorist groups’ ideology across the world points to the fact that the world is no longer a safe place. This hitherto constitutes a significant threat to the security of lives and properties.- These terrorist groups continue to wreak havoc in their host countries and beyond, killing thousands of people through suicide bombing, indiscriminate shooting on vulnerable citizens irrespective of age, gender and religion, vis-a-vis destructive attacks on government properties and security' personnel. Terrorism and insurgency indeed have become significant challenges not only in Africa but in the world at large. This, however, explains why it has become necessary for the European Union, as well as other international and regional bodies to partner with African countries and counterterrorism and insurgency in Africa.

The EU’s response to terrorism and insurgency in Africa has been firm and resolute following various attacks on innocent citizens across the world, especially after the 11 September 2001 attack on the American World Trade Centre. The EU has made terrorism one of the cardinal elements of its political dialogue with states and regional bodies in Africa given the fact of the international terrorist organisations are using Africa states such as Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Mali, Nigeria, Congo and Libya as their bases of finance and training. The EU’s counterterrorism and counterinsurgency (CT-COIN) strategy in Africa is aimed at checking the spread of terrorism across the globe and strengthening regional and global peace and security architecture tor the protection of its strategic and economic interests in Africa. This chapter, therefore, examines the Euro-African partnership for CT-COIN in Africa.

 
Source
< Prev   CONTENTS   Source   Next >