(See also Global Practices.) One of the 14 new World Bank Group Global Practices, Governance utilizes a problem-driven, diagnostic approach, combining global comparative knowledge of reform successes and failures with keen understanding of the institutional challenges and opportunities of developing countries.
World Bank Group and Governance
The WBG aims to build inclusive, open, and accountable institutions in client countries by providing operational support and expert advice focusing on three aspects of a well-managed public sector:
• Sustainable management of public resources that enhances policies and institutions for collecting domestic revenues; strengthens the composition, management, and reporting of public spending; efficiently manages public investments, procurement, and state-owned enterprises; and builds accountability through audit and legislative scrutiny
• Effective performance and delivery arrangements that boost results, harness innovations in public management, and deliver services in fragile and conflict-affected states
• Open and accountable governance that supports transparency, participation, and collaboration through access to information and through the disclosure and use of open data; supports basic rights and entitlements; provides access to basic services; empowers citizens by promoting and establishing mechanisms for inclusive and robust participation of nongovernmental actors; and builds social accountability through enhanced demand-side scrutiny of public institutions and legal and judicial reform
To this end, the new Governance Global Practice looks to expand governance support to others, such as those working on, for example, health or education, and in many country contexts, including fragile situations; to provide assistance in the spending reviews in a range of sectors, including the security sector and in fragile contexts; to address governance regulatory systems and private sector service delivery;
Geo-tagging for Good Governance makes innovative use of geo-tagging for improved transparency and effectiveness in procurement and project management. Geo-tagging was successfully tested by Philippine financial management and procurement officials in a number of reforestation projects. The story received the top Science of Delivery Award, an award for the Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations December 2013 Procurement in Complex Situations. © World Bank / Dominic Chavez (photographer). Permission required for reuse.
to ensure that advice is realistic in light of political and bureaucratic constraints; and to enhance the capacity of governmental and nongovernmental actors for increased openness, collaboration, and accountability.
World Bank and Governance
To assist governments in their efforts to improve transparency, accountability, and service delivery, the World Bank's work on governance and public sector management has two main focus areas. It helps strengthen public sector management systems, including the management of public finances and human resources, as well as the procurement of goods and services. The World Bank's governance work goes beyond the executive branch, central government, and formal state institutions. It also seeks to improve the broader environment in which the public sector operates, by supporting institutions for public accountability, such as parliaments, offices of the ombudsman, media, civil society organizations, academia, and citizens and by tracking improvements through measures of the rule of law and trust in government institutions.
To meet these goals, the World Bank works with governments, businesses, citizens and civil society, media, parliaments, supreme audit institutions, and other actors to strengthen public management systems and improve the broader governance environment. The World Bank also supports the use of information and communication technologies to help enhance citizen participation, mediate and enable citizen engagement, and improve the reach and efficiency of public services. These efforts foster public accountability and openness, reduce corruption, build and enhance trust and ownership, and strengthen the delivery of critical services.