Open Development

(See also Knowledge; Open Access; Open Data.) As part of its modernization, the World Bank Group has actively worked to make its operations, data, research, and knowledge products more open, transparent, and accessible through a variety of tools, programs, and policies. Open development is about making information and data freely available and searchable, encouraging feedback, information-sharing, and accountability. The Bank Group opened its data, knowledge, and research to foster innovation and increase transparency in development, aid flows, and finances.

The Open Development portal offers links to "open solution" sites, such as the World Bank's Policy on Access to Information, the Open Knowledge Repository, Doing Business, and the World Development Report; to data sources, such as the Open Data portal, World Development Indicators, and World Governance Indicators; to knowledge resources, such as World Bank research, World Bank experts, and Knowledge in Development Notes; and to Open Knowledge platforms on specific development topics like jobs, urbanization, nutrition, fragility and conflict, and violence.

Data and Knowledge

The Bank Group collects a wealth of data and knowledge about its member countries and their economies and on complex development topics. Opening up Bank Group data and development knowledge allows a more robust picture of development to emerge and allows for innovation and solutions for development.

Open Data Initiative

In April 2010, the World Bank Group announced that its thousands of comprehensive sets of data on development would be made open and freely available to the public. At the same time, it challenged the global community to use the data to create new applications and solutions to help poor people in the developing world. The data are accessible in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, and Spanish. Other initiatives followed including:

• ADePT is a tool that automates the economic analysis of survey data, dramatically reducing the time required for the production of analytical reports, minimizing human error, and allowing easy introduction of new techniques to a wide audience of policy practitioners.

• Climate Change Knowledge Portal was launched to create a hub for climate information.

• Mapping for Results shows maps for all 142 IBRD and IDA countries; more than 30,000 project locations are mapped and geographic locations depicted for 1,600 active Bank projects.

• Microdata Library offers access to raw data from more than 700 household surveys and sources was opened.

• Open Data Portal provides free, open, and easy access to the Bank's comprehensive data sets on development, available in Arabic, Chinese, French, English, and Spanish.

• Open Data Readiness Assessment Tool was

developed by the World Bank's Open Government Data Working Group for governments and agencies to evaluate, design, and implement an Open Data Initiative.

• WITS data tool provides access to international trade and tariff data.

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