Open Government

Open government is defined by the following principles: transparency, citizen participation, and collaboration between governmental and nongovernmental actors.

The World Bank Group views openness as key to the more efficient operation of government and to the promotion of private sector growth and socially inclusive economic development. The World

Bank Group has been advancing open government globally and in countries, by supporting nations in disclosing and using open data, in establishing inclusive and robust mechanisms for citizen engagement, and in facilitating collaborative processes that bring together a wide range of stakeholders to solve complex governance challenges. Thematically, the World Bank Group has been fostering open government through programs such as Open Contracting, Open Budgeting, and the Open Private Sector Platform, while also supporting countries that have committed to furthering this agenda through their national action plans in the context of the Open Government Partnership.

Open Knowledge Repository

The World Bank is the largest single source of development knowledge. The World Bank Open Knowledge Repository (OKR) is the World Bank's official open access repository for its research outputs and knowledge products. Through the OKR, the World Bank collects, disseminates, and permanently preserves its intellectual output in digital form. The OKR also increases the range of people who can discover and access Bank content—from governments and civil society organizations (CSOs), to students, the private sector, and the general public.

The OKR is built on DSpace and is interoperable with other repositories. It supports optimal discoverability and reusability of the content by complying with Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) standards. All OKR metadata is exposed through the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) protocol.

By extending and improving access to World Bank research, the World Bank aims to encourage innovation and allow anyone in the world to use its knowledge to help improve the lives of those living in poverty. Since its launch in 2012, millions of publications have been downloaded from the OKR, and nearly half of its users are in developing countries.

The OKR contains thousands of research and knowledge products including:

• World Bank Group Annual Reports and Independent Evaluation Studies

• Books published by the World Bank Group including flagship publications, academic books, and practitioner volumes

• All editions of the World Development Report (WDR) plus recent WDR background papers

• Journal articles published in World Bank Economic Review (WBER) and World Bank Research Observer (WBRO), which are published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the World Bank

• Accepted manuscripts of Bank-authored journal articles from selected external publishers (after an embargo period, if applicable)

• Metadata and links to Bank-authored external journal articles

• Serial publications (typically data-intensive outlook reports)

• Policy Research Working Papers (PRWP)—a series of papers that disseminate findings of work in progress in order to encourage the exchange of ideas about development issues

• Economic and Sector Work (ESW) studies—a series of analytical reports prepared by Bank staff. ESWs gather and evaluate information about a country's economy and/or a specific sector

• Knowledge Notes, providing short briefs that capture lessons of experience from Bank operations and research

• The latest Country Opinion Surveys done in client countries for feedback on World Bank Group activities

• Selected translated titles

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