Social, Urban, Rural, and Resilience
(See also Global Practices.) One of 14 new World Bank Group Global Practices, Social, Urban, Rural, and Resilience helps developing countries build cities, villages, and communities that are inclusive, resilient, and sustainable.
World Bank Group and Social, Urban, Rural, and Resilience
Key statistics highlight development priorities for this Global Practice, which have strong links to ending extreme poverty, promoting shared prosperity, and ensuring sustainability:
• Seventy percent of the world's poor live in rural areas. Past rural development efforts have not been enough to significantly reduce the vulnerability and marginalization of the rural poor.
• Although 80 percent of gross national income is generated in urban areas, social exclusion and inequality are growing; 1 billion people live in slums today, and poverty is urbanizing. Another l billion people are expected to move to cities by 2030.
• One and a half billion people live in countries affected by repeated cycles of violence.
• The number of people affected by natural disasters tripled to 2 billion in the past decade. Since 1980, low-income countries have accounted for only 9 percent of the disaster events but 48 percent of fatalities.
• The growth path of urban and rural areas has local and global implications for sustainability and climate change.
• Increasing the resilience of cities, villages, and communities is critical because the burden of disasters, conflict, crime, and violence falls disproportionately on the poor and vulnerable.
• Marginalized and vulnerable segments of society need to have a say in their development path.
To address these challenges, the Social, Urban, Rural, and Resilience Global Practice will work across the World Bank Group and with partners in social inclusion and sustainability; mainstreaming resilience in all dimensions of development; territorial and rural development; and urban planning, services, and institutions.