Spatializing Practices of Regional Organizations during Conflict Intervention: The Politics of ECOWA

AcknowledgmentsAcronymsThe contours of African Peace and Security as a research fieldPractical orientation, descriptive and prescriptive literatureTheoretical disconnects and incipient theorizationBeyond states, unitary actors and military peacekeepingMultiple and entangled intervention practices and their spatializing effectsThe prism of interventions in Guinea-BissauOutline of the bookNotesReferencesA spatial approach to African Peace and SecurityRethinking actors, practices and entanglementsThe concept of ‘space’ in Critical GeographyTowards a spatial approach to study African Peace and SecurityHow to access ‘space' in research on Peace and Security in AfricaSpatial semantics, spatial actors, spatializing practices, sites and connectionsSpatializing the study of African Peace and SecurityConclusionNotesReferencesEstablishing ‘reach’Producing conflict knowledgeECOWAS and AU knowledge production on conflict in Guinea-BissauThe production of conflict knowledge and space-makingMeeting, debating, deciding actionMeeting practices at ECOWAS and the AUMeetings that discussed conflict in Guinea-Bissau in 2012Meetings and space-makingMaking public pronouncementsECOWAS and AU ‘external' communication practicesECOWAS and AU pronouncements on Guinea-Bissau in 2012‘External’ communication and space-makingConclusionNotesReferencesEstablishing ‘presence’Dispatching diplomatic field missions and establishing liaison officesECOWAS and AU field missionsECOWAS and AUfield missions to Guinea-Bissau in 2012ECOWAS and AU special representatives and liaison officesField missions, liaison offices and space-makingProviding ‘technical’ supportECOWAS and AU electoral assistance to Guinea-BissauECOWAS and AU SSR efforts in Guinea-Bissau‘Technical' support and space-makingDeploying military and police peacekeeping forcesMandating and deploying ECOMIBPaying for ECOMIBMilitary and police deployments and space-makingConclusionNotesReferencesRegional security policiesSpatial imaginations of conflict in West Africa'Regional in!stability' as driver of ECOWAS and AV security cooperation‘Narco-state' and ‘narco-terrorism’as trans-regional threatsRegional security policies and the ‘internal’ formatting of spacePolicies on unconstitutional changes of governmentPolicies on post-conflict reconstruction and developmentPolicies on security sector reformRegional security policies and the ‘external’ formatting of spaceEU SSR missions and policy under the CSDPEU conditionality, good governance and Article 96 of the Cotonou AgreementConclusionNotesReferencesContested relationsEngaging other actors ‘from afar’During meetingsThrough public pronouncementsStrategic engagement ‘from afar’ and space-makingEngaging other actors ‘on the ground’Joint field missionsInteraction among local representativesMutual engagement 'on the ground’ and space-makingContesting relations, ordering by and of space‘Subsidiarity' and the spatial ordering of African Peace and SecurityEU roles in constructin}’ spatial order (s) in and beyond West AfricaConclusionNotesReferencesA spatial approach to study African Peace and SecuritySpatial imaginations and framings of conflictIntervention/spatializing practicesPolitical-spatial projects pursued during conflict intervention‘Internal’ and ‘external’ formatting of spaceContribution and outlookReferencesAppendix