Assisted Suicide and the European Convention on Human Rights


End-of-life practices in England and WalesAssisting and encouraging suicidePalliative sedation and passive euthanasiaAssisted suicide and euthanasia: a global perspectiveLegally permissive jurisdictionsAssisted suicide and rights jurisprudenceAssisted suicide vis-a-vis other end-of-life practicesConclusionNotesProtecting life and assisting death: Is not allowing assisted dying a violation of the right to life?Does the blanket ban engage the right to life?The State’s general positive obligation to protect lifeDoes the blanket ban violate the State’s operational obligation under Article 2?Rectifying the incompatibilityConclusionNotesFreedom from torture or inhuman or degrading treatment: Does the prohibition on assisted suicide violate Article 3?Does the blanket ban constitute ‘treatment’ under Article 3?The minimum level of severityGeneral principlesTorture, inhuman, or degrading treatment: does the blanket ban reach the minimum threshold?The minimum level of severity - specific casesThe positive obligation to protectRectifying the incompatibilityConclusionNotesThe right to choose the manner and timing of one’s death: A re-examination of the ban’s proportionalityJustifying an interference: the Article 8(2) requirements‘In accordance with the law’Prosecutions under s 2, Suicide Act 1961Legality and Article 8(2): the utility of the post-Purdy‘Legitimate aim’Conway and the blanket ban’s legitimate aim(s)‘Necessary in a democratic society’Section 2 of the Suicide Act and the domestic proportionality testRectifying the incompatibility: assisted suicide and euthanasia?ConclusionNotesJustifying the blanket ban on assisted suicide: Considering the empirical evidenceThe applicability of CarterThe rights and analyses in issueThe evidence before the courtsThe evidence before the Conway Divisional High CourtThe ‘beneficiaries’ of the Carter decisionThe material findings in CarterProtecting vulnerable individualsProtecting the doctor/patient relationshipProtecting the sanctity of lifeSubsequent dataProtecting the vulnerableConclusions on the evidence concerning vulnerable individualsProtecting the doctor/patient relationshipProtecting sanctity of lifeConclusionNotesDifferential treatment of end-of-life practices: Discrimination under Article 14 of the ECHR?DiscriminationThe legal definition of‘suicide’ in England and WalesThe common law prohibition on suicide‘Suicide’ and the CJA: the meaning of ‘suicide’Suicide and intentionCRIMINAL LAW CONCEPTUALISATIONS OF INTENTION IN ENGLAND AND WALESSUICIDE, INTENTION, AND COMPETENCESUICIDE AND INTENTION: CONCLUSIONSSuicide and causationCAUSATION IN SUICIDE CONCLUSIONSCRIMINAL LAW CONCEPTUALISATIONS OF CAUSATIONACTS CAUSATIVE OF DEATHSummary‘Suicide’ and withdrawal/refusal of treatment: a re-examination of the legal classification of assisted dyingAssisted dying and suicide: some conclusionsDifferential treatment of ‘suicide’: implications for Article 14ConclusionRectifying the incompatibilityNotes