Enabling Asia to Stabilise the Climate

A Stable Climate Is a Common Asset for HumankindThe Responsibilities and Role of Asia Are VitalAn Opportunity to Leapfrog by Integrating Knowledge and Wisdom In-CountryGood Practices of Science-Based Climate Policy Development Making Progress in AsiaInternational Cooperation for Knowledge-Sharing Towards Realising a Low-Carbon AsiaUtilise Asia's Full Force and Make the Leap to Stablise the ClimateI Asia Is a Key for a Sustainable Low-Carbon SocietyGHG Reduction Potential in AsiaKey Messages to Policy MakersIntroductionTen Actions to Achieve the Low-Carbon Society in AsiaHierarchically Connected Compact CitiesMainstreaming Rail and Water in Interregional TransportSmart Ways to Use Materials That Realize the Full Potential of ResourcesEnergy-Saving Spaces Utilizing Sunlight and WindLocal Production and Local Consumption of BiomassLow-Carbon Energy System Using Local ResourcesLow-Emission Agricultural TechnologiesSustainable Forestry ManagementTechnology and Finance for a Low-Carbon SocietyTransparent and Fair Governance That Supports Low-Carbon AsiaGHG Reduction by Introducing “Ten Actions”Feasibility of Reducing GHG Emissions by 68 %ConclusionReferencesTransition to a Low-Carbon Future in China Towards 2 oC Global TargetKey Message to PolicymakersBackgroundEmission ScenariosMethodology FrameworkGlobal Emission Scenarios and Regional AllocationChina's Emission ScenariosKey Factors in the Low-Emission PathwayPolicy OptionsFactors Causing Uncertainty in the Modelling AnalysisConclusionsReferencesIndia's GHG Emission Reduction and Sustainable DevelopmentKey Message to PolicymakersIntroductionModel and ScenariosAssessment Methodology and Model SystemScenarios DescriptionScenarios Analysis and Comparative AssessmentEnergy DemandCO2 Emissions and Mitigation OptionsCo-benefits of MitigationEnergy SecurityEnvironmentNet Social Cost of CarbonConclusionsReferencesEighty Percent Reduction Scenario in JapanKey Message to Policy MakersIntroductionFrom the Kyoto Protocol to Middle-Term TargetoC Target and Mitigation in Japan in 2050How to Achieve 80 % Reduction Target in JapanConclusionReferencesPotential of Low-Carbon Development in Vietnam, from Practices to Legal FrameworkKey Message to Policy MakersIntroductionGHG Emissions in VietnamThe Total Amount and Level of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in VietnamStructure and Trends in Greenhouse Gas Emissions in VietnamTrends in Emissions from Different SectorsGreenhouse Gas Emissions from Different SectorsIdentification of External Impacts of GHG Emission Reduction PoliciesExternalities of Greenhouse Gas Emission PoliciesThe Impact of MacroeconomicsThe Problems of Hunger Eradication and Poverty ReductionThe Impact on EmploymentThe Impact on Energy SecurityThe Impact on the EnvironmentReducing Costs and Losses from Climate Change ImpactsThe Social ImpactSelection of Priority Areas and Measures to Reduce Emissions of Greenhouse GasesSelection of Priority AreasIdentifying Technical Solutions—Technology Priorities in Reducing Greenhouse Gas EmissionsLessons for VietnamReferencesII Bridging the Gap Between Modeling and Real Policy DevelopmentDesigning a National Policy Framework for NAMAs Key Message to PolicymakersIntroductionNAMA and CO2 Mitigation StrategyImplementation of a Climate Change Mechanism in ThailandSuccess of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Projects in ThailandOverview of Energy, Environment and Socio-Economic FactorsThailand's Energy SectorPrimary Energy Supply and Final Energy ConsumptionThailand's GHG EmissionsOther Air Pollutant EmissionsRelationship Between Thailand's Energy Policy and Climate ChangeRevised Alternative Energy Development Plan: AEDP 2012–2021Thailand's 20-Year Energy Efficiency Development PlanThailand Power Development Plan (PDP) 2010–2030Environmental Sustainable Transport SystemAIM/Enduse Modelling of Thailand's Energy SystemDesigning a National Policy Framework for Thailand's NAMAsCriteria/Selection of CO2 CountermeasuresDomestically vs. Internationally Supported NAMAsEconomic Assessment of Domestic and Internationally Supported NAMAsFramework for Thailand's NAMAsNAMA Pledge to UNFCCCSeeking Financial SupportBuilding Consensus Among NAMA Stakeholders in ThailandCo-Benefits of Thailand's NAMAsEnergy Security AspectEnvironmental AspectEconomic AspectSocial AspectLayout of Roadmap to Thailand NAMA 2020MRV of Thailand's NAMAs: The Road to SuccessReferences'Science to Action' of the Sustainable Low Carbon City-regionKey Messages to PolicymakersIntroductionAbout Low Carbon Society Blueprint for Iskandar Malaysia 2025Low Carbon Society (LCS)Iskandar Malaysia (IM) in BriefIntegrating Low Carbon Society Blueprint into Existing Policy FrameworkPolicy Design for Low Carbon Society Blueprint in Iskandar MalaysiaScience-to-Policy Approach to Designing the LCSBP-IM2005Creating LCS Scenarios – The Extended Snapshot (ExSS) ToolStructure of Extended Snapshot (ExSS) ToolGHG Emissions in Iskandar MalaysiaStructure of GHG Emission Mitigation OptionsGHG Emission Mitigation OptionsBeyond Science and Policymaking: Implementing the LCSBP-IM2025Lessons LearntReferencesIII Best Practices and Recommendations in Each Sector to Make It HappenLow-Carbon Transport in IndiaKey Message to Policy MakersIntroductionCurrent Transport Scenario in IndiaTransport Scenarios for IndiaNeed for AssessmentTransport Policies in IndiaTransport Policy at the National and Subnational LevelsSelection and Assessment CriteriaCase 1: Delhi MetroCase 2: Auto Fuel Policy (AFP)Bus Rapid Transit SystemLow-Carbon Comprehensive Mobility Plan ToolkitDedicated Freight Corridor (DFC)National Electric Mobility Mission PlanConclusionReferencesPotential of Reducing GHG Emission from REDD+ Activities in IndonesiaKey Message to Policy MakersIntroductionIndonesian ForestDeforestation and Trend of CO2 EmissionLow-Carbon Policies on Forest and Land Use SectorForest Management Units (FMUs)Forest Certification SystemReduction of Dependency on Natural Forests for Wood Supply and Sink EnhancementReduction of Pressure on Natural Forest by Optimizing Land Use and Improving Land ProductivityFinancing and Incentive Policies for Supporting the Implementation of SFM and REDD+Financial Policy for Development of FMUsIncentive System for CertificationIncentive and Financial Policy for AcceleratingIncentive and Financial Policies for Conserving Forest Carbon and Land SwapReferencesFostering Capacity Development for Asia's LeapfrogKey Message to Policy MakersCapacity Development Is Important in Asia—A Tool for LeapfrogThe Power of AsiaThe Rise of ASEANRegional DevelopmentDecoupling of GHG and GDPHow Can Asia Leapfrog to a Low-Carbon Society?Structure and Mechanisms of Capacity DevelopmentKnowledge-Sharing PlatformFrom Research to Policy and ImplementationLevel of Low-Carbon Society ImplementationMechanism of Knowledge DisseminationConclusion and Key MessagesCapacity Development Is the Basis for Asia's LeapfrogA Bullet Train ModelAsian Countries Need CollaborationReferencesCapacity Development on GHG Inventories in AsiaKey Message to PolicymakersIntroduction to WGIAGHG Inventory in International NegotiationsResponsibility of Developing CountriesThe Role of Greenhouse Gas Inventory Office of Japan (GIO)One Part of the National SystemThe Objective of WGIAHistory of WGIAContents of WGIALatest Workshop on GHG Inventories in Asia (WGIA12), 2014Achievements of WGIAEnhanced RelationshipsSharing Information Such as Sector-Specific Issues and General Issues of GHG InventoryRelated Activities and International CooperationNetworksAchievementsOther activities of WGIAWebsite and Mailing ListWGIA-EFDB (Emission Factors Database)ConclusionsImportance of Ongoing, Face-to-Face DiscussionsSharing of Information and ExperienceNetwork UtilisationContinuity of WGIAReferencesJapan's Comprehensive and Continual Support Package for the CreationKey Message to Policy MakersJapan's Strategies to Support Scientific Climate Policymaking in AsiaScope of Scientific Climate PolicyJapan's Support for Climate Policies in AsiaThe Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet)Science-Based Policy Formulation: LoCARNet Research and Policy Integration ActivitiesFuture PlanReferences
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