The Objective of WGIA

Thus far, on the basis of Articles 4 and 12 of the UNFCCC, Annex I countries have compiled a GHG inventory annually, but Non-Annex I Parties have only done so once or twice and with the national communications (NCs).

However, at COP16 in 2010 and COP17 in 2011, it was agreed that, in addition to the NCs, all Parties to the Convention, including Non-Annex I Parties, shall submit information on GHG inventories as a biennial update report (BUR). It was also agreed at COP17 that developing country Parties should submit their first BUR by December 2014 and subsequent reports every 2 years. For this reason, more accurate inventories, which support the development of mitigation measures and the verification of the effectiveness of these measures, need to be reported at a higher frequency than ever before. The importance of periodical GHG inventories

Fig. 11.1 Japan's institutional arrangement for national inventory preparation (Reference: Ministry of the Environment, Japan and Greenhouse Gas Inventory Office of Japan (GIO), CGER, NIES (2014))

is increasing on an international basis, which means Non-Annex I Parties unfamiliar with compiling the GHG inventory periodically will require capacity building.

With this aim in mind, GIO convened the Workshop on Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventories in Asia (WGIA) in 2003. In order to improve the quality of GHG inventories, it is important for the related countries to exchange information on them, as this will aid inventory compilers and administrators managing the compilation. Since 2003, government officials, inventory compilers and researchers directly involved with inventory preparation in the participating countries have met to exchange information at the workshop (Reference: Greenhouse Gas Inventory Office of Japan (GIO), CGER, NIES (2012)).

The objectives of the workshop are:

– To enhance sector-specific capacity for inventory compilation (mutual learning)

– To facilitate periodical national GHG inventory preparation for national communications (NCs) and biennial update reports (BURs)

– To discuss the possibility of inventories as a supporting tool for mitigation measures/NAMAs

– To explore issues on measurability, reportability and verifiability (MRV) at various levels

– To provide an opportunity for countries in the Asian region to cooperate and share information and experiences related to their own national GHG inventories

– To support countries in Asia in improving the quality of inventories via regional information exchange (Reference: Greenhouse Gas Inventory Office of Japan (GIO), CGER, NIES (2015))

Participating countries are Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam (14 countries).

WGIAs consist of the following sessions:

– Plenary sessions

– Sectoral working group sessions

– Mutual learning sessions

– Hands-on training sessions

Basically, each WGIA consists of three of the above four sessions.

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